Girish Akolkar

GIRISH AKOLKAR

9870988888

Scientific Way of Finding the Solutions by Decoding the Nature Intelligence

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Data Analytics 8 - Medical2
 (6S)-6-Fluoroshikimic acid
4-Aminosalicylic acid
Acetic acid/hydrocortisone
Acetoxycycloheximide
Aciduliprofundum
Actaplanin
Actinorhodin
Acyldepsipeptide antibiotics
AGG01
Alazopeptin
Albomycin
Allicin
Allyl isothiocyanate
Ambazone
Aminocoumarin
Ampicillin resistance
Anthramycin
Antibiosis
Antibiotic acyldepsipeptides
Antibiotic misuse
Antibiotic sensitivity
Antibiotic synergy
Antibiotic tolerance
Antibiotic use in dentistry
Antibiotics
Antimicrobial pharmacodynamics
Antimycin A
Antimycobacterial
Aphidicolin
Aplasmomycin
Archaeocin
Arenicin
Arsphenamine
Arylomycin A2
Ascofuranone
Aspergillic acid
Atrop-abyssomicin C
Auranthine
Avenanthramide
Avibactam
Bacteriostatic agent
Bafilomycin
Bambermycin
Beauvericin
Berberine
Bezlotoxumab
Bicyclomycin
Blasticidin A
Blasticidin S
Bottromycin
Brilacidin
Broad-spectrum antibiotic
Caprazamycin
Carbomycin
Cell envelope antibiotic
Ceragenin
Chartreusin
Chloroxine
Chromomycin A3
Citromycin
Clofazimine
Clofoctol
Clorobiocin
CMV423
Coprinol
Coumermycin A1
Curvularin
Cycloheximide
Cycloserine
Dalfopristin
Dapsone
Daptomycin
DB-2073
Debromomarinone
Delvotest
Distamycin
Echinomycin
Efflux (microbiology)
Endiandric acid C
Enediyne
Enzybiotics
Erythromycin/sulfafurazole
Esperamicin
Etamycin
Ethambutol
Ethionamide
Extended-spectrum penicillin
Fosfomycin
Fosfomycin/tobramycin
Fosmidomycin
Friulimicin
Furazolidone
Furonazide
Gepotidacin
Gliotoxin
Glycyrrhizol
Gramicidin S
GSK 299423
Guanacastepene A
Hachimycin
Halocyamine
Hedamycin
Helquinoline
Herbimycin
Hexamethylenetetramine
Hitachimycin
Hydramacin-1
Isoniazid
Kanamycin A
Katanosin
Kendomycin
Kettapeptin
Kidamycin
Lactivicin
Landomycin
Lasalocid
Lenapenem
Leptomycin
Linopristin
Lipoglycopeptide
Lipopeptide
Macbecin
Macromomycin B
Maduropeptin
Magic bullet (medicine)
Mannopeptimycin glycopeptides
Marinone
MC21-A
MC21-B
Medicinal fungi
Melafix
Mercer protocol
Methylenomycin A
Methylenomycin B
Modern Meat
Moenomycin Family Antibiotics
Moromycin
Multidrug tolerance
Mupirocin
Mycosubtilin
Myriocin
Myxopyronin
Naphthomycin A
Narasin
Neopluramycin
Neosalvarsan
Neothetazone
Neothramycin
Netropsin
Nifuroxazide
Nifurquinazol
Nigericin
Nitrofural
Nitrofurantoin
Nocathiacin I
Nojirimycin
Nonribosomal peptide
Novobiocin
NXL103
Oxacephem
Paenibacterin
Peptaibol
Persister cell
Phytoalexin
Plantazolicin
Platensimycin
Plectasin
Pluramycin A
Polyoxins
Pristinamycin
Pristinamycin IA
Promin
Protein synthesis inhibitor
Prothionamide
Pulvinone
Puromycin
Pyocyanase
Pyocyanin
Pyrazinamide
Pyrenocine
Pyrrolobenzodiazepine
Questiomycin A
Quinupristin
Ramoplanin
Raphanin
Resistome
Reuterin
Ridinilazole
Ristocetin
Ritipenem
Roseophilin
Salinomycin
Salinosporamide A
Saptomycin
Saquayamycin
Sarecycline
Seraticin
Sideromycin
Skin secretions (human)
SmeT
Solasulfone
Solithromycin
Sparassol
Spectinomycin
Staurosporine
Streptazolin
Streptogramin
Streptogramin B
Streptolydigin
Streptomyces isolates
Streptonigrin
Styelin A
Surfactin
Surotomycin
Tachyplesin
Taksta
Tanespimycin
Tarocin
Taurolidine
Telavancin
Thioacetazone
Thiocarlide
Thiolutin
Thymineless death
Tobramycin/dexamethasone
Topoisomerase inhibitor
Trichostatin A
Triclosan
Trimethoprim
Trimethoprim/polymyxin
Tunicamycin
Tyrocidine
Urauchimycin
Vaborbactam
Validamycin
Violacein
Viridicatumtoxin B
Vulgamycin
Xanthomycin A
Xibornol
Yaequinolone J1
Zwittermicin A
Abiogenesis
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (Aids)
Adaptation
Adaptive Radiation
Adenine
Adenovirus
Affected Relative Pair
Allele
Amino Acids
Ancient Concepts Of Heredity
Animal Model
Antibody
Antisense
Apoptosis
Archaeogenetics
Archaeogenetics Of The Near East
Atgc
Autosomal Dominant
Autosome
Bacteria
Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (Bac)
Base Pair
Behavioural Genetics
Biodiversity
Biogeography
Birth Defect
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Branches Of Genetics
Cancer
Candidate Gene
Carcinoma
Carrier
Cdna Library
Cell
Centimorgan
Centromere
Chromosomal Translocation
Chromosome
Cladistics
Classical Genetics
Cloning
Codon
Coevolution
Common Descent
Concepts Of Evolution
Congenital Disorder
Conservation Genetics
Contig
Convergent Evolution
Co-Operation (Evolution)
Craniosynostosis
Cystic Fibrosis
Cytogenetic Map
Cytosine
Deletion
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (Dna)
Developmental Genetics
Diabetes Mellitus
Diploid
Divergent Evolution
Dna
Dna Replication
Dna Sequencing
Dominant
Double Helix
Duplication
Ecological Genetics
Electrophoresis
Enzyme
Evidence Of Common Descent
Evolution
Evolutionary Anthropology
Evolutionary Biology
Evolutionary Developmental Biology
Evolutionary Genetics
Evolutionary History Of Life
Evolutionary Taxonomy
Exon
Experiments On Plant Hybridization
Extinction
Extinction Event
Fibroblasts
Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (Fish)
Gene
Gene Amplification
Gene Expression
Gene Flow
Gene Library
Gene Mapping
Gene Pool
Gene Therapy
Gene Transfer
General Genetics Concepts
Genetic Code
Genetic Counseling
Genetic Diversity
Genetic Drift
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Epidemiology
Genetic Linkage
Genetic Map
Genetic Marker
Genetic Modification
Genetic Research And Darwinism
Genetic Screening
Genetic Testing
Genetic Variation
Genetically Modified Crops
Genetically Modified Food
Genetically Modified Organism
Genetics
Genetics Of Intelligence
Genome
Genomics
Genotype
Germ Line
Guanine
Haploid
Haploinsufficiency
Hematopoietic Stem Cell
Heredity
Heterozygous
Highly Conserved Sequence
Holoprosencephaly
Homologous Recombination
Homozygous
Human Artificial Chromosome (Hac)
Human Evolution
Human Evolutionary Genetics
Human Genetics
Human Genome Project
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv)
Human Mitochondrial Genetics
Hybridization
Immunotherapy
In Situ Hybridization
Inherited
Insertion
Intellectual Property Rights
Introduction To Evolution
Intron
Karyotype
Knockout
Leukemia
Locus
Lod Score
Lymphocyte
Malformation
Marker
Medical Genetics
Melanoma
Mendelian Inheritance
Messenger Rna
Metagenics
Metaphase
Microarray Technology
Microbial Genetics
Microsatellite
Mitochondrial Dna
Modern Evolutionary Synthesis
Molecular Evolution
Molecular Genetics
Molecules
Monosomy
Mouse Model
Mrna
Multi-Disciplinary Fields That Include Genetics
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia
Mutation
Natural History Of Genetics
Natural Selection
Neanderthal Genome Project
Non-Coding Dna
Non-Directiveness
Nonsense Mutation
Norman Borlaug
Northern Blot
Nucleic Acid
Nucleic Acid Sequence
Nucleobase
Nucleotide
Nucleus
Oligo
Oncogene
Oncovirus
P53
Parallel Evolution
Particulate Inheritance Theory
Patent
Pedigree
Peptide
Phenotype
Phylogenetic Tree
Physical Map
Polydactyly
Polymerase Chain Reaction (Pcr)
Polymorphism
Polymorphism (Biology)
Population Genetics
Positional Cloning
Primary Immunodeficiency
Primer
Probe
Promoter
Pronucleus
Protease
Protein
Pseudogene
Psychiatric Genetics
Quantitative Genetics
Recessive
Recombinant Dna
Repressor
Restriction Enzymes
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (Rflp)
Retrovirus
Ribonucleic Acid (Rna)
Ribosome
Risk Communication
Rna
Sequence-Tagged Site (Sts)
Sex Chromosome
Sex-Linked
Shotgun Sequencing
Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms (Snps)
Somatic Cells
Southern Blot
Speciation
Spectral Karyotype (Sky)
Statistical Genetics
Substitution
Suicide Gene
Syndrome
Taxonomy (Biology)
Technology Transfer
Thymine
Timeline Of Paleontology
Transcription
Transgenic
Transitional Fossil
Translation
Transmutation Of Species
Trisomy
Tumor Suppressor Gene
Uracil
Vector
Western Blot
Yeast Artificial Chromosome (Yac)
Types Of Anesthesia:
General
Spinal
Epidural
Local (Topical)
Sedation / Twilight
Dental (Inferior Alveolar Nerve)
Neuroleptanalgesic Anesthesia
Nerve Block
Plants/Animals:
Aconite
Castoreum
Cannabis
Coca
Deadly Nightshade
Henbane
Lactucarium
Mandrake
Metel Nut
Opium
Poison Hemlock
Saussurea
Toloatzin
Willow
People:
Abulcasis
Avenzoar
Avicenna
Celsus
Dioscorides
Galen
Hippocrates
Rhazes
Sabuncuoglu
Sushrutha
Theophrastus
Zhang
Compounds:
Aconitine
Δ9-Thc
Atropine
Cocaine
Coniine
Hyoscyamine
Morphine
Salicylate
Scopolamine
General Anesthetic Drugs:
General Anaesthetic
Benzodiazepine
Etomidate
Flynap
Infiltration Analgesia
Inhalational Anaesthetic
Ketamine
Local Anesthetic
Methohexital
Midazolam
Neuraxial Blockade
Propofol
Thiopental
Thiopentone
Anesthetic Techniques:
Airway Management
Anesthesia Provision In The Us
Capnography
Concentration Effect
Dogliotti's Principle
Drug-Induced Amnesia
Fink Effect
Laryngoscopy
Complications:
Agitated Emergence
Allergic Reactions
Anesthesia Awareness
Local Anesthetic Toxicity
Malignant Hyperthermia
Perioperative Mortality
Postanesthetic Shivering
Postoperative Nausea And Vomiting
Postoperative Residual Curarization
Measurements:
Asa Physical Status Classification System
Baricity
Bispectral Index
Direct Fick Method
Entropy Monitoring
Fick Principle
Goldman Index
Guedel's Classification
Mallampati Score
Minimum Alveolar Concentration
Neuromuscular Monitoring
Instruments Used In Anesthesiology:
Anaesthetic Machine
Anesthesia Cart
Boyle's Machine
Double-Lumen Endobronchial Tube
Gas Cylinder
Laryngeal Mask Airway
Medical Monitor
Odom's Indicator
Relative Analgesia Machine
Tracheal Tube
Vaporiser
Fields Of Study:
Cardiothoracic
Geriatric
Oral Sedation Dentistry
Professions:
Anesthesiologist
Anesthesiologist Assistant
Nurse Anesthetist
Certified Anesthesia Technician
Certified Anesthesia Technologist
Anaesthetic Technician
 Biomedicine
Affective Neuroscience
Agriculture
Anatomy
Anesthesiology
Biochemistry
Biocomputers
Biocontrol
Biodynamics
Bioeffector
Bioelectronics
Bioengineering
Bioinformatics
Biolinguistics
Biology
Biomaterials
Biomechanics
Biomedical Research
Biomedical Science
Biomonitoring
Biophysics
Biopolymer
Biotechnology
Botany
Cardiology
Cell Biology
Cognitive Neuroscience
Computational Neuroscience
Critical Care Medicine
Ct Scans
Dermatology
Developmental Biology
Ecology
Emergency Medicine
Encarsia Formosa
Endocrinology
Entomology
Environmental Health
Environmental Science
Epidemiology
Ethology
Evolutionary Biology
Fermentation Technology
Food Science
Gastroenterology
Genetics
Genomics
Geriatrics
Gynecology
Health Sciences
Hematology
Hematology (Also Known As Haematology)
Hepatology
Immunogenetics
Immunotherapy
Infectious Disease
Kinesiology
Marine Biology (Or Biological Oceanography)
Medical Device
Medical Imaging
Medical Social Work
Microbiology
Molecular Biology
Mri Scan
Mycology
Nephrology
Neurobiology
Neuroethology
Neurology
Oncology
Ophthalmology
Optogenetics
Optometry
Otolaryngology
Paleontology
Pathology
Pediatrics
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Pharmacogenomics
Pharmacology
Physiology
Phytopathology
Population Biology
Population Dynamics
Proteomics
Psychiatric Social Work
Psychiatry
Psychology
Pulmonology
Radiology
Rheumatology
Sociobiology
Splanchnology
Sports Science
Structural Biology
Surgery
Systems Biology
Toxicology
Ultrasound
Urology
Veterinary Medicine
X-Rays
Zoology
Asthma
Adrenocortical carcinoma
Alzheimer's disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Cancer - No cure as the disease has various forms.
Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy
Common Cold
Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease
Coeliac disease
Desmoplastic small-round-cell tumor
Diabetes
Ebola virus
Fatal Familial Insomnia
Fluoroquinolone Toxicity Syndrome (FQAD)
Genetic disease
HIV
Macular degeneration
Marburg virus
Multiple sclerosis
Muscular dystrophy
Parkinson's disease
Progeria
Polio
Schizophrenia
Spinocerebellar Ataxia
Alabama rot
Childhood granulomatous periorificial dermatitis
Condylar resorption
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
Idiopathic giant-cell myocarditis
Idiopathic infantile arterial calcification
Inflammatory demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system
Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Multifocal fibrosclerosis
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament
Pellucid marginal degeneration
Systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Acoustic neuroma
Acquired deafness
Ageusia
Alport syndrome
American Sign Language (ASL)
Aphasia
Aphonia
Apraxia
Articulation disorder
Assistive devices
Audiologist
Auditory Brainstem Response test (ABR test)
Auditory nerve
Auditory perception
Auditory prosthesis
Augmentative devices
Aural rehabilitation
Autoimmune deafness
Autism
Babbling
Balance
Balance disorder
Barotrauma
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
Brainstem implant
Captioning
Central auditory processing disorder
Chemosensory disorders
Cholesteatoma
Cochlea
Cochlear implant
Cognition
Conductive hearing impairment
Cued speech
Cytomegalovirus (Congenital)
Decibel
Developmental verbal dyspraxia
Dizziness
Dysarthria
Dysequilibrium
Dysfluency
Dysgeusia
Dyslexia
Dysosmia
Dysphagia
Dysphonia
Dystonia
Ear infection
Earwax
Echolalia
Endolymph
Grammar
Gustation
Glaucoma
Hair cells
Haptic sense
Haptometer
Hearing
Hearing aid
Hearing disorder
Hereditary hearing impairment
Hoarseness
Hyper neurotic diafragma contractions
the hiccups
Hypogeusia
Hyposmia
Inflection
Inner ear
Intensity
Kallmann's syndrome
Labyrinth
Labyrinthine hydrops
Labyrinthitis
Landau-Kleffner syndrome
Language
Language disorders
Laryngeal neoplasms
Laryngeal nodules
Laryngeal paralysis
Laryngectomy
Laryngitis
Laryngoplasty
Larynx
Learning disabilities
Mastoid
Mastoid surgery
Meige syndrome
Ménière's disease
Meningitis
Middle ear
Misarticulation
Motor speech disorders
Neuroplasticity
Neural prostheses
Neural stimulation
Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF-1 von Recklinghausen's)
Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF-2)
Neurogenic communication disorder
Noise-induced hearing loss
Nonsyndromic hereditary hearing impairment
Odorant
Olfaction
Olfactometer
Open-set speech recognition
Otitis externa
Otitis media
Otoacoustic emissions
Otolaryngologist
Otologist
Otosclerosis
Ototoxic drugs
Outer ear
Papillomavirus
Parosmia
Perception (Hearing)
Perilymph fistula
Pervasive developmental disorders
Pheromones
Phonology
Postlingually deafened
Prelingually deafened
Reading disorders
Round window
Sensorineural hearing loss
Sign language
Sound vocalization
Spasmodic dysphonia
Specific language impairment (SLI)
Speech
Speech disorder
Speech processor
Speech-language pathologist
Stroke
Stuttering
Sudden deafness
Swallowing disorders
Syndromic hearing impairment
Tactile
Tactile devices
Throat disorders
Thyroplasty
Tinnitus
Tongue
Touch
Tourette syndrome
Tracheostomy
Tuberous Sclerosis
Tympanoplasty
Umami
Usher syndrome
Ulna
Velocardiofacial syndrome
Vertigo
Vestibular Neuronitis
Vestibular system
Vestibule
Vibrotactile aids
Vocal cord paralysis
Vocal cords (Vocal folds)
Vocal folds
Vocal tremor
Voice
Voice disorders
Waardenburg syndrome

Abdominal Pain (R10)
Abnormal Posturing
Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding
Abrasion
Acalculia
Acanthosis
Acropustulosis
Agnosia
Akathisia
Akinesia
Albinism In Humans
Alexia
Alopecia
Amaurosis Fugax (G45.3) And Amaurosis
Amelanism
Amenorrhea
Amnesia
Amusia
Anasarca (R60.1)
Anhedonia
Anomia
Anorexia (R63.0)
Anosognosia
Anxiety
Apathy
Aphasia And Apraxia
Apnea And Hypopnea
Apraxia
Arrhythmia
Arthralgia
Asthenia
Ataxia
Athetosis
Atrophoderma
Atypia
Autoeczematization
Back Pain
Ballismus
Baumann Skin Types
Belching (R14)
Blanch (Medical)
Bleeding Into The Skin
Bleeding:
Blepharospasm
Blister (T14.0)
Bloating (R14)
Blood In Stool: Melena (K92.1), Hematochezia
Blurred Vision
Bradycardia (R00.1)
Bradykinesia
Bradypnea (R06.0) And Tachypnea (R06.0)
Breslow's Depth
Bruise
Cachexia (R64)
Cardiovascular
Cataplexy (G47.4)
Chest Pain (R07)
Chills And Shivering
Chorea
Chromonychia
Clark's Level
Claudication
Comedo
Confabulation
Confusion
Constipation (K59.0)
Convulsions (R56)
Cough (R05)
Crust (Dermatology)
Dalrymple's Sign
Deformity
Delusion
Depression
Dermatology Life Quality Index
Dermatomycosis
Dermatoscopy
Dermatosis
Desquamation
Diarrhea (A09, K58, K59.1)
Diascopy
Discharge
Dizziness / Vertigo (R42)
Double Vision (H53.2)
Dry Mouth (R68.2)
Dysarthria
Dysdiadochokinesia
Dysgraphia
Dyskeratosis
Dyspepsia (K30)
Dysphagia (R13)
Dyspnea (R06.0)
Dystonia
Dysuria (R30.0)
Ear, Nose And Throat
Ecchymosis
Ecchymosis And Bruising (Sx0 (X=0 Through 9))
Eczema Area And Severity Index
Edema (R60)
Epistaxis (R04.0)
Erythema
Erythrism
Euphoria
Evanescent (Dermatology)
Exanthem
Exocytosis (Dermatopathology)
Exophthalmos (H05.2)
Fasciculation
Fatigue (R53)
Fecal Incontinence
Ferriman–Gallwey Score
Finger Tip Unit
Fitzpatrick Scale
Flapping Tremor
Flatulence (R14)
Fungating Lesion
Gastrointestinal
Hair:
Halitosis
Hallucination
Hamilton–Norwood Scale
Headache (R51)
Hearing Loss
Heartburn
Hematemesis
Hematospermia
Hematuria (R31)
Hemoptysis (R04.2)
Hirsutism
Homicidal Ideation
Hydrocarbon Keratosis
Hydropic Swell
Hypergranulosis
Hyperkeratinization
Hyperkeratosis
Hyperkinetic Movement Disorder:
Hyperpigmentation
Hypertrichosis
Hypokinetic Movement Disorder:
Hypopigmentation
Hypothermia (T68)
Impotence (N48.4)
Infertility
Insomnia (F51.0, G47.0)
Integumentary
Intertrigo
Irritability
Itching (L29)
Janeway Lesions And Osler's Node
Jaundice (P58, P59, R17)
Kamino Bodies
Keratosis
Laceration
Leucism
Lhermitte's Sign (As If An Electrical Sensation Shoots Down Back & Into Arms)
Lichenoid Eruption
Livedo
Loss Of Consciousness
Ludwig Scale
Maculopapular Rash
Main Article: List Of Phobias
Malaise
Malar Rash
Malpighian Layer
Mania (F30)
Melanism
Melanosis
Mole Map (Dermatology)
Morbilliform
Muscle Cramps (R25.2)
Muscle Weakness (M62.8)
Mydriasis/Miosis (H570)
Myoclonus
Nail:
Nasal Discharge
Nausea (R11)
Neck Stiffness
Neurological
Nevi And Melanomas
Nevus
Nystagmus
Obstetric / Gynaecological
Ocular
Odynophagia
Opisthotonus
Opsoclonus
Orthokeratosis
Orthopnea And Platypnea
Otalgia (H92.0)
Otorrhea (H92.1)
Pagetoid
Painful Intercourse (N94.1)
Pallor
Palpitations (R00.2)
Papillomatosis
Papule
Papulopustular
Papulosquamous Disorder
Parakeratosis
Paralysis And Paresis
Paraneoplastic Keratoderma
Paranoid Ideation
Paresthesia (R20.2)
Pathergy
Pelvic Pain
Petechia
Phobia:
Physical Urticaria
Pimple
Pityriasis
Pleuritic Chest Pain
Poliosis
Polyuria (R35)
Proctalgia Fugax
Prosopagnosia
Psoriasis Area And Severity Index
Psychiatric
Pulmonary
Purpura
Pyoderma
Pyrexia (R50)
Pyrosis (R12)
Rash
Rash (R21)
Rectal Tenesmus
Retrograde Ejaculation
Rheumatologic
Sciatica
SCORTEN Scale
Scutulum
Sebaceous Filament
Serpiginous
Skin Fissure
Skin Trauma
Skin:
Somnolence (R40.0)
Sore Throat
Spongiosis
Sputum Production (R09.3)
Steatorrhea
Strangury
Suicidal Ideation
Sweats
Swelling
Swollen Or Painful Lymph Node(S) (I88, L04, R59.1)
Syncope (Medicine) (R55)
Tachycardia (R00.0)
Targetoid
Telangiectasia
Tic
Tinnitus (H93.1)
Toothache
Tremor
Trepopnea
Triple Response Of Lewis
Trismus
Ulcer (Dermatology)
Ulerythema
Urethral Discharge
Urinary Frequency (R35)
Urinary Incontinence (R32)
Urinary Retention
Urologic
Urticaria (L50)
Vacuolar Interface Dermatitis
Vacuolization
Vaginal Bleeding In Early Pregnancy / Miscarriage
Vaginal Bleeding In Late Pregnancy
Vaginal Discharge
Vermilion Border
Vomiting (R11)
Xanthosis
Xeroderma
Xerostomia

Acanthosis nigricans
ACE inhibitor
Adult-onset diabetes
Acetohexamide
Acetone
Acidosis
Acute
Adrenal gland
Adverse effect
Albuminuria
Aldose reductase inhibitor
Alpha cell
Amino acid
Amyotrophy
Amylin
Angiopathy
Anomalies
Antibodies
Anti-diabetic drug
Antigen
Antiseptic
ARB
Arteriosclerosis
Artery
Artificial pancreas
Aspartame
Asymptomatic
Atherosclerosis
Autoimmune disease
Autonomic neuropathy
Background retinopathy
Basal rate
Beta cell
Beta cell transplantation
Biosynthetic human insulin
Biphasic insulin
Blood glucose
Blood glucose meter
Blood glucose monitoring
Blood pressure
Blood-sampling device
Blood sugar
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
Blood vessels
Bolus
Borderline Diabetes
Brittle diabetes
Bronze diabetes
Bunion
C-peptide
Calcium channel blocker
Callus
Calorie
Capillary
Capsaicin
Carbohydrate
Cardiologist
Cardiovascular
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Cataract
Cerebrovascular disease
Certified diabetes educator (C.D.E.)
Charcot foot
Chemical diabetes
Chlorpropamide
Cholesterol
Chronic
Circulation
Clinical trial
Coma
Comatose
Complications of diabetes
Congenital defect
Congestive heart failure
Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII)
Contraindication
Controlled disease
Conventional therapy
Coronary disease
Coxsackie B4 virus
Creatinine
Cyclamate
Dawn phenomenon
Debridement
Dehydration
Delta cell
Desensitization
Dextrose
DESMOND
Diabetes control and complications trial (DCCT)
Diabetes distress/ diabetes-related distress
Diabetes insipidus
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetic amyotrophy
Diabetic angiopathy
Diabetic coma
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
Diabetic myelopathy
Diabetic nephropathy
Diabetic neuropathy
Diabetic osteopathy
Diabetic retinopathy
Diabetogenic
Diabetologist
Diabulimia
Diagnosis
Dialysis
Diastolic blood pressure
Diet plan
Dietitian
Dilated pupil examination
Distal sensory neuropathy
Diuretic
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Dupuytren's contracture
Dysglycemia (or dysglycaemia)
Dyslipidemia (or dyslipidaemia)
Edema
Electromyography EMG
Endocrine glands
Endocrinologist
Endogenous
End-stage renal disease (ESRD)
Enzymes
Epidemiology
Epinephrine (adrenaline)
Etiology
Euglycemia
Exchange lists
Exogenous
Fasting blood glucose test
Fats
Fatty acids
Fiber
Fluorescein angiography
Food exchange
Foot care
Fractional urine
Fructose
Fundus of the eye
Funduscopy
Galactose
Gangrene
Gastroparesis
Gene
Genetic
Gestation
pregnancy and birth
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)
Gingivitis
Gland
Glaucoma
Gliclazide
Glimepiride
Glipizide
Glomerular filtration rate
Glomeruli
Glucagon
Glucose
Glucose tolerance test
Glyburide
Glycemic index
Glycogen
Glycogenesis
Glycosuria
Glycosylated hemoglobin test
HCF diet
Hemochromatosis
Hemodialysis
Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c)
Heredity
High
High blood pressure
Hives
HLA antigens
Home blood glucose monitoring
Homeostasis
Hormone
Human insulin
Hyperglycemia
Hyperinsulinism
Hyperlipemia
Hyperlipidemia
Hyperosmolar coma
Hypertension
Hypoglycemia
Hypotension
IDDM
IGT
Immunosuppressive drugs
Impaired fasting glucose (IFG)
Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
Implantable insulin pump
Impotence
Incidence
Infusion Set
Ingestion
Injection
Insulin
Insulin allergy
Insulin antagonists
Insulin binding
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)
Insulin-induced atrophy
Insulin-induced hypertrophy
Insulin pen
Insulin pump
Insulin reaction
Insulin receptors
Insulin resistance
Insulin resistance syndrome
Insulin shock
Insulinoma
Intermittent claudication
Intensive management or Intensive insulinotherapy
Intramuscular injection
Intravenous injection
Islet cell Transplantation
Islets of Langerhans
Jet injector
Juvenile onset diabetes
Ketoacidosis
Ketone bodies
Ketonuria
Ketosis
Kidney disease
Kidneys
Kidney threshold
Kussmaul breathing
Labile diabetes
Lactic acidosis
Lactose
Lancet
Laser treatment
Latent diabetes
Lente insulin
Limited joint mobility
Lipid
Lipoatrophy
Lipodystrophy
Low
Macroangiopathy
Macrosomia
Macrovascular disease
Macular edema
Maturity-onset diabetes
Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
Meal plan
Medical identification tag
Metabolic syndrome
Metabolism
Metformin
Mg/dL
Microaneurysm
Microangiopathy
Microvascular disease
Mixed dose
Mononeuropathy
Morbidity rate
Mortality rate
Myocardial infarction
Myo-inositol
Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum
Neovascularization
Nephrologist
Nephropathy
Nerve conduction studies
Neurologist
Neuropathy
NIDDM
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)
Noninvasive blood glucose monitoring
Nonketotic coma
NPH insulin
Nutrition
Nutritionist
Obesity
Obstetrician
Overt diabetes
Pancreas transplant
Pancreatectomy
Pancreatitis
Peak action
Periodontist
Podiatrist
Podiatry
Point system
Polydipsia
Polyphagia
Polyunsaturated fats
Polyuria
Postprandial blood glucose
Prediabetes
Preeclampsia
Prevalence
Previous abnormality of glucose tolerance (PrevAGT)
Prognosis
Proinsulin
Proliferative retinopathy
Prosthesis
Protein
Proteinuria
Pruritus
Purified insulins
Rebound
Receptors
Regular insulin
Renal
Renal threshold
Retina
Retinopathy
Risk factor
Saccharin
Saturated fat
Secondary diabetes
Secrete
Segmental transplantation
Self-monitoring of blood glucose
Shock
Sliding scale
Somatic neuropathy
Somatostatin
Somogyi effect
Sorbitol
Spilling point
Split dose
Stiff hand syndrome
Stroke
Subclinical diabetes
Subcutaneous injection
Sucrose
Sugar
Sulfonylureas
Symptom
Syndrome
Syndrome X/Metabolic syndrome
Syringe
Systemic
Systolic blood pressure
Team management
Thrush
Tolazamide
Tolbutamide
Toxemia of pregnancy (preeclampsia)
Toxic
Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS)
Trauma
Triglyceride
Twenty-four hour urine
Diabetes mellitus type 1
Diabetes mellitus type 2
Ulcer
Ultralente insulin
Medical ultrasound
Unit of insulin
Unsaturated fats
Unstable diabetes
Urea
Urine testing
Urologist
Vaginitis
Vascular
Vein
Visceral neuropathy
Vitrectomy
Vitreous humor
Xylitol
Activator
Baseline
Candidate genes
Cellular reprogramming
Cofactor
Conditional gene expression
Constitutive gene or constitutive expression
Cis-dominant
Coregulator
Corepressor
Distance measures
DNA Microarray
Down regulation
Down-regulated
Emergenesis
Enhancer
Epistasis
Gene expression
FGED - Functional GEnomics Data (FGED) Society
Facultative gene
A feature
Gene expression omnibus or GEO
Gene knockout
Gene knockdown
Genetic regulatory network (GRN)
Housekeeping gene
Hybridization
Heterogeneous expression
Inducible gene
Inducer
Insulator
Karyoptyping
Library
MAGE
MIAME
MINSEQE
MGED
NBF or Neutral Buffer Formalin
oligo
Operon
Probe
Probe-set
Promoter
Promotion
Putative genes
Regulation of gene expression
Replication
technical replicates
Reporter
Repression
Repressor
RNA splicing
Signal transduction pathway
Silencer
Signature
Spatially
Suppression
Tissue-specific expression
Transcriptional bursting
Transcription factor
Up regulation
Up-regulated
Z form gene
Acathexis
Afterwardsness
Anal eroticism
Anal expulsiveness
Anal retentiveness
Anticathexis
Antinarcissism
Aphanisis
Basic hostility
Body cathexis
Cassandra (metaphor)
Catharsis
Cathexis
Complex (psychology)
Condensation (psychology)
Construction (psychoanalysis)
Counterphobic attitude
Death drive
Decathexis
Decompensation
Defence mechanisms
Deferred obedience
Delayed gratification
Demand (psychoanalysis)
Displacement (psychology)
Drive theory
Electra complex
Eros (concept)
Fixation (psychology)
Foreclosure (psychoanalysis)
Four discourses
Gaze
Gender inequality
Graph of desire
Id- ego and super-ego
Identification (psychology)
The Imaginary (psychoanalysis)
Intellectualization
Interpellation (philosophy)
Introjection
Inversive
Jocasta complex
Jointness (psychodynamics)
Jouissance
Lack (manque)
Lapsus
Libido
Love and hate (psychoanalysis)
Madonna–whore complex
Matheme
Mirror stage
Mortido
Multiple gender attraction
Name of the Father
Narcissistic defences
Narcissistic elation
Narcissistic mortification
Narcissistic neurosis
Narcissistic personality disorder
Narcissistic rage and narcissistic injury
Narcissistic supply
Narcissistic withdrawal
Negative transference
Objet petit a
Oceanic feeling
Oedipus complex
Overdetermination
Pansexuality
Parataxic distortion
Parataxical Integration
Penis envy
Phaedra complex
Pleasure principle (psychology)
Polymorphous perversity
Postponement of affect
Preconscious
Primal scene
Projective identification
Psychic apparatus
Psychological projection
Psychological repression
Psychological resistance
Rationalization (psychology)
Reaction formation
The Real
Regression (psychology)
Reparation (psychoanalysis)
Repetition compulsion
Repressed memory
Resistance (psychoanalysis)
Self-envy
Signorelli parapraxis
Sinthome
Sublimation (psychology)
The Symbolic
Taboo
Transference
Transference neurosis
True self and false self
Uncanny
Unconscious cognition
Unconscious mind
Undoing (psychology)
Vanishing mediator

Abreaction
Abulia
Achromatopsia
Affect illusion
Akataphasia
Akathisia
Alexithymia
Alice in Wonderland experience
Alliteration
Alogia
Amok
Anhedonia
Anosognosia
Anton's syndrome
Anwesenheit
Aphemia
Apophanous perception
Apperception
Astasia-abasia
Asyndesis
Autism
Autistic thinking
Autochthonous delusion
Autokabalesis
Automatic obedience
Automatism
Autoscopy
Avolition
Belle indifference
Bouffée délirante
Brain fag syndrome
Brain Fog
Bruxism
Capgras' syndrome or Illusion des sosies
Catalepsy
Cataplexy
Catatonia
Cerea flexibilitas
Chorea
Circumstantial speech
Clang association
Claparede's paradox
Clouding of consciousness
Coenestopathic state
Collective Mental State
Confabulation
Conversion disorder
Coprolalia
Cotard delusion
Defenestration
Déjà pensé
Déjà vu
Dementia praecox
Dementia pugilistica
Derailment
Dereistic thinking
Dermatozoenwahn
Dhat
Doppelgänger
Écho de la pensée
Entgleisen
Envirome
Euthymia (Medicine)
Extracampine
Fantasy
Fatuous affect
Flight of ideas
Folie à deux
Folie communiquée
Folie imposée
Folie induite
Folie simultanée
Fregoli delusion
Gedankenlautwerden
Gegenhalten
Hemiasomatognosia
Hyposchemazia; Aschemazia
Ideas of alienation
Ideas of influence
Ideas of reference
Idée fixe
Idiographic Image
Illusion
Jargon aphasia
Klüver–Bucy syndrome
Knight's Move thinking
Koro
Kuru
Latah
Left–right disorientation
L'homme qui rit
Lilliputian hallucinations
Logoclonia
Logorrhoea
Mania a potu
Matchbox Sign
Mitgehen
Mitmachen
Morbid Love
Moria
Negativism
Omega sign
Oneiroid state
Oneirophrenia
Palilalia
Palinacousis
Palinopsia
Parapraxis
Paraprosopia
Paraschemazia
Pareidolia
Perseveration
Pfropfschizophrenie
Piblokto
Pseudologia fantastica
Psychological pillow
Psychopathology
Rabbit syndrome
Reduplicative hallucination
Reduplicative paramnesia
Reflex hallucination
Restlessness
Retardation
Sadomasochism
Scanning speech
Schizophasia
Schnauzkrampf
Sensitiver beziehungswahn
Spectrum Disorder
Stereotypy
Stimming
Stockholm syndrome
Synaesthesiae
Telegrammatic or telegraphic speech
Thought blocking
Thought sonorization
Torpor
Trauma Trigger
Traumatic bonding
Ultradian Rhythm
Vegetative Symptoms
Verbigeration
Verstimmung
Vorbeigehen; Vorbeireden
Wahneinfall
Waxy flexibility
Waxy rigidity
Windigo Psychosis
Wish Fulfillment
Witzelsucht
Word-salad
Würgstimme
Zoophilia

Abdomen
Abdominal cavity
Abdominal regions
Abdominopelvic cavity
Anatomical Terms Of Microanatomy
Anatomography
Anatomy
Anterior and lateral thoracic regions
Arm
Axial Line (Dermatomes)
Axilla
Back
Biodigital
Brainmaps
Buttocks
Cavities
Cheek
Chin
Cranial cavity
Decussation
Ear
Elbow
Eye
Face
Federative International Committee On Anatomical Terminology
Foot
Forearm
Foundational Model Of Anatomy
Hand
Head
Hip
Knee
Leg
Lower limb
Mouth
Neck
Neurolex
Neuronames
Neuroscience Information Framework
Nomina Anatomica
Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria
Nose
Pectoral girdle
Pelvic cavity
Pelvic girdle
Pelvis
Perineal regions
Permanent Cell
Planes lines and regions
Pugmark
Regions of back
Regions of head
Regions of lower limb
Regions of neck
Regions of upper limb
Retroperitonium
SNOMED CT
Spinal cavity
Standard Anatomical Position
Systematized Nomenclature Of Medicine
Terminologia Anatomica
Terminologia Embryologica
Terminologia Histologica
Thigh
Thoracic cavity
Thorax
Trunk
Uberon
Upper limb
Visible Human Project
Wingspan
Zygotebody

Abrasion (dental)
Acholia
Active placebo
Acute (medicine)
Acute abdomen
Acute pericarditis
Adherence (medicine)
Adherence management coaching
Adhesion (medicine)
Adiadochokinesia
Admission note
Adrenergic storm
Adventitiousness
Adverse effect
Afferent
Age of onset
Agenesis
Agnosia
Agonist
Allopathic medicine
Allow natural death
Anatomical terms of location
Anginal equivalent
Anisomastia
Anterior ramus of spinal nerve
Aplasia
Arrested development
Assessment and plan
Asymptomatic
Asynergy
Atony
Atresia
Atypia
Auditory agnosia
Aura (symptom)
Autoagglutination
Autoamputation
Autonomic dysreflexia
Axial line (dermatomes)
Axon terminal
Azygos
B type inclusion
Ballard Maturational Assessment
Barbotage
Baseline (medicine)
Benign tumor
Benignity
Bethesda system
Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology
Biliary microlithiasis
Biliary pseudolithiasis
Biliary sludge
Biotrauma
Bleb (medicine)
Body fluid
Body image (medicine)
Bogart–Bacall syndrome
Breast atrophy
Calcinosis
Calculus (medicine)
Cardiac shunt
Carnosity
Carnoy's solution
Carpopedal spasm
Case presentation
Case report
Catamnesis
Cataphylaxis
Cause of death
Death by natural causes
Central venous pressure
Cerebral perfusion pressure
Cervical conization
Cervical dislocation
Chain of survival
Cheesewiring
Chemoprophylaxis
Chromatophobe
Chronic condition
Chronic care
Clinical formulation
Clinical pathway
Clinical research center
Clinical supervision
Clinomorphism
Cluttering
Combination therapy
Complication (medicine)
Computerized physician order entry
Connectomics
Contraindication
Convulsion
Corpulence index
Cosmesis
Counterstimulation
Course (medicine)
Cryptogenic disease
Culture conversion
Cure
Dead on arrival
Dead space (physiology)
Death by misadventure
Debility (medical)
Decompensation
Defective on arrival
Deficiency (medicine)
Degeneration (medical)
Deinstitutionalisation
Dentomandibular Sensorimotor Dysfunction
Depression (physiology)
Diadochokinesia
Diagnosis
Diagnosis of exclusion
Diagnosis-related group
Diastasis (physiology)
Diathesis (medicine)
Differential diagnosis
Disease
Disease registry
Disease theory of alcoholism
Disseminated disease
Distress (medicine)
Divaricate
Diverticulum
Dose area product
Drop attack
Dyscopia
Dyscrasia
Dysdiadochokinesia
Dystrophy
E-patient
Ebullism
Economic credentialing
Efferent
Efficacy
Egersis
Elective surgery
Electronic prescribing
Electronic visit verification
Hospital emergency codes
Empyema
End organ damage
Endaural phenomena
Endotype
Engel classification
Entero
Epiphenomenon
Medical eponyms
Equianalgesic
European Practice Assessment
Exacerbation
Excavation (medicine)
Extracorporeal
Extravasation
Extravasation (intravenous)
Family history (medicine)
Federative International Committee on Anatomical Terminology
Female athlete triad
Fibrosis
Fistula
Five-year survival rate
Fomite
FRAX
Fremitus
Fulminant
Functional disorder
Functional symptom
GCRC
General clinical research center
Giant pelvis
Gliosis
Golgi I
Golgi II
GOMER
Head-twitch response
Health assessment
Health Sciences Descriptors
Healthcare error proliferation model
Healthcare proxy
HEENT examination
Hickam's dictum
Histology
History of the present illness
Homicidal ideation
Hospital-acquired condition
Host factor
Human body temperature
Human equivalent
Hyperkatifeia
Hypoplasia
Idiopathy
Idiosyncrasy
Idiosyncratic drug reaction
Imaging biomarker
Immune dysregulation
Incidental findings
Indication (medicine)
Indirect agonist
Ineffective erythropoiesis
Infiltration (medical)
Insufflation (medicine)
Insult (medical)
Intertriginous
Involution (medicine)
Kissing contusion
Lactation failure
Left without being seen
Length of stay
List of biological development disorders
List of Setswana medical terms
Localized disease
Medical logistics
Long-term care
Maculopapular rash
Malacia
Malignancy
Mammoplasia
Mass effect (medicine)
Maternal death
Mayer waves
Medical advice
Medical case management
Medical consensus
Medical diagnosis
Medical guideline
Medical history
Medical procedure
Medical state
Medically unexplained physical symptoms
Meteoropathy
MHealth
Milieu intérieur
Minimally invasive procedures
Mongolian idiocy
Monotherapy
Multiple of the median
Multiple sex partners
Narrative medicine
Neointima
Neovascularization
Neuroangiogenesis
Neurocristopathy
Neuron
Never events
Nothing by mouth
Nocebo
Nosokinetics
Nosology
Not Otherwise Specified
NPU terminology
Ocular prosthesis
Oral administration
Oral mycology
Orphan patient
Osteometric points
Overdiagnosis
Oxygen saturation (medicine)
Palsy
Pannus
Parallel fiber
Paresis
Past medical history
Pathognomonic
Patient
Patient safety
Pay for performance (healthcare)
Perinatal mortality
Periodic breathing
Permissive hypotension
Phonagnosia
Phoniatrics
Physical disorder
Physiological agonism and antagonism
Pilon fracture
Point-of-care testing
Postcholecystectomy syndrome
Postprandial
Precancerous condition
Presenting
Presenting problem
Prevention paradox
Preventive healthcare
Proarrhythmia
Procidentia
Prodromus
Prognosis
Progression-free survival
Progressive disease
Protocol system
Proximodistal trend
Pulmonary consolidation
Pulmonary wedge pressure
Pus
Pyonephrosis
Quality of life (healthcare)
Quaternary prevention
Radiofrequency ablation
Rapid antigen test
Rapid diagnostic test
Rapid strep test
Remission (medicine)
Response rate (medicine)
Responsible drug use
Review of systems
Right atrial pressure
Right-to-left shunt
Risk of infection
Risk of mortality
Draft:Sac-Lasticity
Sclerosis (medicine)
Screen time
Screening (medicine)
Secretomotor
Sedentary lifestyle
Self-diagnosis
Sequela
Sequence (medicine)
Sever's disease
Severity of illness
Sham surgery
Simultanagnosia
Skull bossing
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
SOAP note
Social history (medicine)
Social medicine
Social-emotional agnosia
Sopor (sleep)
Speech-language pathology
Spinnbarkeit
Spontaneous breathing trial
Spontaneous remission
Stenochoria
Stenosis
Subclinical infection
Subluxation
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy
Sudomotor
Suicide terminology
Surgical sieve
Surgical smoke
Surrogate decision-maker
Surrogate endpoint
Symptom
Symptomatic treatment
Syndrome
Systemic disease
Tardive
Terminal cleaning
Terminal illness
Terminologia Histologica
Testicular microlithiasis
Therapeutic inertia
Topical medication
Toxidrome
Translingualism
Trion (neural networks)
Undervirilization
Ureterovaginal fistula
VA conduction
Vascular occlusion
Vasomotor
Vegetation (pathology)
VIP medicine
Waiting in healthcare
Watchful waiting
Weekend effect
Zebra (medicine)
Zymotic disease

#- FRACTURE
#NOF- FRACTURE TO THE NECK OF THE FEMUR
↑- INCREASED
→- YIELDS BECOMES
↓- DECREASED
131I OR I131- IODINE-131 (AKA RADIOACTIVE IODINE OR RADIOIODINE)
18F-FDG- 18F-FLUORDEOXYGLUCO
2/2- SECONDARY TO
2°- SECONDARY
3TC – LAMIVUDINE
3TC- LAMIVUDINE
5-FU- 5-FLUOROURACIL
5-HIAA- 5-HYDROXYINDOLEACETIC ACID
5-HT- 5-HYDROXYTRYPTAMINE THAT IS SEROTONIN
6MP- 6-MERCAPTOPURINE
Ā- (A WITH A BAR OVER IT) BEFORE (FROM LATIN ANTE)
A – ADENOSINE / APICAL
A A- OF EACH (FROM LATIN ANA ANA)
A A.- OF EACH (FROM LATIN ANA ANA)
A- ADENOSINE / APICAL
A OR ALA – ALANINE
A OR ALA- ALANINE
A P- BEFORE A MEAL (FROM LATIN ANTE PRANDIUM)
A P.- BEFORE A MEAL (FROM LATIN ANTE PRANDIUM)
A&O OR A/O- AWARE AND ORIENTED OR ALERT AND ORIENTED
A&OX3- ALERT AND ORIENTED/ TIMES 3 (TO PERSON/ PLACE/ AND TIME)
A&OX4- ALERT AND ORIENTED/ TIMES 4 (TO PERSON/ PLACE/ TIME/ AND CIRCUMSTANCES) (OFTEN USED INTERCHANGEABLY WITH A&OX3)
A&OX4- ALERT AND ORIENTED/ TIMES 4 (TO PERSON/ PLACE/ TIME/ AND CIRCUMSTANCES)
A&P- AUSCULTATION AND PERCUSSION/ ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
A&W / A/W- ALIVE AND WELL
A.H.- EVERY OTHER HOUR (FROM LATIN ALTERNIS HORIS)
A/B- ACID-BASE RATIO
A/P- ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
A1C- GLYCOSYLATED HEMOGLOBIN (HEMOGLOBIN A1C)
AA- ARTERIA/ SEE ARTERY
AA.- ARTERIA/ SEE ARTERY
AAA- ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM (PRONOUNCED "TRIPLE-A")
AAD- ANTIBIOTIC-ASSOCIATED DIARRHEA
AAI- ACUTE ARTERIAL INSUFFICIENCY
AAL- ANTERIOR AXILLARY LINE
AAOX3- AWAKE/ ALERT/ AND ORIENTED/ TIMES 3 (I.E./ TO PERSON/ PLACE/ AND TIME)
AAOX3- AWAKE/ ALERT/ AND ORIENTED/ TIMES 3 (IE/ TO PERSON/ PLACE/ AND TIME)
AAPMC- ANTIBIOTIC-ASSOCIATED PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS COLITIS
AAT- ACTIVITY AS TOLERATED
AB- ABDOMEN/ ABDOMINAL/ ABORTION
AB – ABORTION
AB – ANTIBODY
AB- ABORTION
AB- ANTIBODY
ABC- AIRWAY/ BREATHING/ CIRCULATION/ ASPIRATION BIOPSY CYTOLOGY
ABCD- AIRWAY/ BREATHING/ CIRCULATION/ DISABILITY/ ASYMMETRY/ BORDERS/ COLOR/ DIAMETER
ABCD RATING (A STAGING SYSTEM FOR PROSTATE CANCER)
ABCS / ABCDS/ ABCDES- AIRWAY/ BREATHING/ CIRCULATION
ABD – ABDOMEN / ABDOMINAL[ABDUCTION]
ABD- ARMY BATTLE DRESSING
ABD- ABDOMEN / ABDOMINAL[ABDUCTION]
ABE- ACUTE BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS
ABG- ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS
ABI- ACQUIRED BRAIN INJURY/ ANKLE BRACHIAL PRESSURE INDEX
ABMT- AUTOLOGOUS BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION
ABN – ABNORMAL
ABN- ABNORMAL
ABO- LANDSTEINER'S BLOOD GROUPING SYSTEM
ABPA- ALLERGIC BRONCHO-PULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS
ABPI- ANKLE BRACHIAL PRESSURE INDEX
ABVD- DOXORUBICIN (ADRIAMYCIN)/ BLEOMYCIN/ VINBLASTINE/ DACARBAZINE
ABX – ANTIBIOTICS
ABX- ANTIBIOTICS
AC- ABDOMINAL CIRCUMFERENCE/ ASSISTED CONTROLLED VENTILATION/ ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT
AC- BEFORE A MEAL (FROM LATIN ANTE CIBUM)
AC&BC- AIR CONDUCTION AND BONE CONDUCTION/ AS IN WEBER TEST
ACA- ACINIC CELL CARCINOMA / AFFORDABLE CARE ACT
ACB- AORTOCORONARY BYPASS
ACC- ACCOMMODATION (EYE)
ACCU- ACUTE CORONARY CARE UNIT
ACD- ANEMIA OF CHRONIC DISEASE
ACDF- ANTERIOR CERVICAL DISCECTOMY AND FUSION
ACE – ACETONE
ACE- ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME
ACE- ACETONE
ACEI- ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITOR(S)
ACH – ACETYLCHOLINE
ACH- ACETYLCHOLINE
ACHE- ACETYLCHOLINE ESTERASE
ACL- ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT
ACLS- ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT
ACP- ADVANCE CARE PLANNING
ACPO- ACUTE COLONIC PSEUDO-OBSTRUCTION
ACS- ALTERED CONSCIOUS STATE/ ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME/ ACUTE CHEST SYNDROME
ACTH- ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE
ACU- AMBULATORY CARE UNIT
AD- ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE/ ACUTE DISTRESS/ RIGHT EAR (FROM LATIN AURIS DEXTER)/ AS DIRECTED
AD- ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE/ ACUTE DISTRESS/ RIGHT EAR
AD LIB- AS DESIRED (FROM LATIN AD LIBITUM)
AD PART DOLENT- TO THE PAINFUL PARTS (FROM LATIN AD PARTES DOLENTES)
AD PART. DOLENT- TO THE PAINFUL PARTS (FROM LATIN AD PARTES DOLENTES)
AD- RIGHT EAR (FROM LATIN AURIS DEXTER)
AD.- RIGHT EAR (FROM LATIN AURIS DEXTER)
ADA- ADENOSINE DEAMINASE/ AMERICAN DENTAL ASSOCIATION
ADC- AIDS DEMENTIA COMPLEX
ADCC- ANTIBODY-DEPENDENT CELL-MEDIATED CYTOTOXICITY
ADD- ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER
ADH- ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE
ADHD- ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
ADHF- ACUTE DECOMPENSATED HEART FAILURE
ADHR- AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT HYPOPHOSPHATEMIC RICKETS
ADLS- ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING
ADM – ADMISSION
ADM- ADMISSION
ADN- ADNEXAE (FOR EXAMPLE/ ADNEXAE OF THE UTERUS)
ADP- ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE
ADR- ADVERSE DRUG REACTION
AEB- AS EVIDENCED BY (COMMONLY USED BY NURSES)
AED- AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATOR/ ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUG(S)
AEM- AMBULATORY ELECTROCARDIOGRAM MONITORING
AF- ATRIAL FIBRILLATION/ ATRIAL FLUTTER/ AMNIOTIC FLUID
AF-AFP- AMNIOTIC FLUID ALPHA FETOPROTEIN
AFB- ACID-FAST BACILLI
AFI- AMNIOTIC FLUID INDEX
AFIB- ATRIAL FIBRILLATION
AFL- ATRIAL FLUTTER
AFNTR- ACUTE FEBRILE NONHEMOLYTIC TRANSFUSION REACTION
AFO- ANKLE-FOOT ORTHOSIS
AFP- ALPHA-FETOPROTEIN
AFSOF- ANTERIOR FONTANELLE SOFT/ OPEN/ FLAT
AG – ANTIGEN
AG- ANTIGEN
AGA- ANTI-GLIADIN ANTIBODIES / APPROPRIATE GESTATIONAL AGE (SEE BIRTH WEIGHT)
AGA- ANTI-GLIADIN ANTIBODIES / APPROPRIATE GESTATIONAL AGE
AGC- ATYPICAL GLANDULAR CELLS
AGES CRITERIA- AGE/ GRADE/ EXTENT/ SIZE (FOR TUMORS)
AGN- ACUTE GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
AH- AUDITORY HALLUCINATIONS
AH- EVERY OTHER HOUR (FROM LATIN ALTERNIS HORIS)
AHD- ARTERIOSCLEROTIC HEART DISEASE
AHF- ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR
AHG- ANTIHEMOPHILIC GLOBULIN
AHH- ARYL HYDROCARBON HYDROXYLASE
AHR- AIRWAY HYPER-REACTIVITY
AHT- ANTIHYALURONIC ACID TEST
AI- ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION/ AORTIC INSUFFICIENCY
AICD- AUTOMATED IMPLANTABLE CARDIOVERTER-DEFIBRILLATOR
AID- ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION BY DONOR
AIDS- ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
AIH- ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION BY HUSBAND
AIHD- ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION BY POOLED HUSBAND AND DONOR SEMEN
AIIRB- ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST
AIN- ALLERGIC INTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS
AIPD- ACUTE INFECTIOUS AND PARASITICAL DISEASES/ AUTOIMMUNE PROGESTERONE DERMATITIS/ ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DEMYELINATING POLYNEUROPATHY
AIR- ANTERIOR INTERVAL RELEASE/ ACUTE INPATIENT REHABILITATION
AIS- ADENOCARCINOMA IN SITU/ ANDROGEN INSENSITIVITY SYNDROME
AK- ACANTHAMOEBA KERATITIS
AKA- ABOVE-KNEE AMPUTATION
AKA- ALSO KNOWN AS
ALA- AMINOLEVULINIC ACID
ALC – ALCOHOL
ALC- ALCOHOL
ALCAPA- ANOMALOUS LEFT CORONARY ARTERY FROM THE PULMONARY ARTERY
ALF- ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY
ALG- ANTILYMPHOCYTIC GLOBULIN
ALI- ACUTE LIMB INJURY/ ACUTE LUNG INJURY
ALK PHOS- ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE (SOMETIMES ABBREVIATED AS ALP)
ALL- ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA/ ALLERGIES
ALP- ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE (SOMETIMES ABBREVIATED AS ALK PHOS)
ALPS- AUTOIMMUNE LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE SYNDROME
ALS- AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS/ ALSO KNOWN AS MOTOR NEURONE DISEASE ('MND)/ LOU GEHRIG'S DISEASE OR CHARCOT DISEASE / ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT
ALT- ALANINE TRANSAMINASE/ ALTERN. D.- EVERY OTHER DAY (FROM LATIN ALTERNO DIE)
ALT- ALANINE TRANSAMINASE/ ALTERN D- EVERY OTHER DAY (FROM LATIN ALTERNO DIE)
AMA- ADVANCED MATERNAL AGE (OFTEN DEFINED AS 35 YEARS OR GREATER)/ AGAINST MEDICAL ADVICE/ ANTIMITOCHONDRIAL ANTIBODY/ AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
AMB – AMBULATE
AMB- AMBULATE
AMC- ARTHROGRYPOSIS MULTIPLEX CONGENITAL
AMI- ACUTE MESENTERIC ISCHEMIA/ ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
AMINO ACIDS:
AML- ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA
AMO- ADVANCED MEDICAL OPTICS
AMP- ADENOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE
AMP – AMPULE/ AMPERE
AMP- AMPULE/ AMPERE
AMPA RECEPTOR- ALPHA-AMINO-3-HYDROXY-5-METHYL-4-ISOXAZOLEPROPIONIC ACID RECEPTOR OF THE BRAIN
AMS- ACUTE MOUNTAIN SICKNESS/ ATYPICAL MEASLES SYNDROME/ ALTERED MENTAL STATUS
AMT – AMOUNT
AMT- AMOUNT
ANA- ANTINUCLEAR ANTIBODY
ANCA- ANTINEUTROPHIL CYTOPLASMIC ANTIBODY
ANDI- ABERRATIONS OF NORMAL DEVELOPMENT AND INVOLUTION (OF BREAST)
ANF- ATRIAL NATRIURETIC FACTOR
ANP- ATRIAL NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE
ANS- AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
ANT – ANTERIOR
ANT- ANTERIOR
ANTI-- REFERS TO AN ANTIBODY TO THE SUFFIXED ANTIGEN
ANTR- ASYMMETRICAL TONIC NECK REFLEX
ANUG- ACUTE NECROTIZING ULCERATIVE GINGIVITIS
AODM- ADULT-ONSET DIABETES MELLITUS (NOW CALLED DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2)
AOM- ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA
AP- ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE/ ANTEROPOSTERIOR/ ANGINA PECTORIS/ ACTION POTENTIAL/ ANGINA PECTORIS/ AREA POSTREMA
APACHE II- ACUTE PHYSIOLOGY AND CHRONIC HEALTH EVALUATION II
APAP- PARACETAMOL (AKA ACETAMINOPHEN) (FROM ITS CHEMICAL NAME/ N-ACETYL-PARA-AMINOPHENOL)
APC- ATRIAL PREMATURE CONTRACTION/ ANTIGEN-PRESENTING CELL/ ACTIVATED PROTEIN C
APD- ADULT POLYCYSTIC DISEASE/ AUTOMATED PERITONEAL DIALYSIS
APECED- AUTOIMMUNE POLYENDOCRINOPATHY-CANDIDIASIS-ECTODERMAL DYSTROPHY
APGAR- APPEARANCE/ PULSE/ GRIMACE/ ACTIVITY/ RESPIRATION (USED TO ASSESS NEWBORNS)
APH- ANTEPARTUM HAEMORRHAGE
APKD- ADULT POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE
APLS- ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME
APMPPE- ACUTE POSTERIOR MULTIFOCAL PLACOID PIGMENT EPITHELIOPATHY
APP- AS PER PROTOCOL (E.G./ PER INSTITUTIONAL CLINICAL PROTOCOL OR PER SCIENTIFIC PROTOCOL)
APP- AS PER PROTOCOL (EG/ PER INSTITUTIONAL CLINICAL PROTOCOL OR PER SCIENTIFIC PROTOCOL)
APPLIC- APPLICANDUS (LATIN MEANING "TO BE APPLIED")
APPLIC.- APPLICANDUS (LATIN MEANING "TO BE APPLIED")
APPY – APPENDECTOMY
APPY- APPENDECTOMY
APR- ABDOMINOPERINEAL RESECTION
APS- AUTOIMMUNE POLYENDOCRINE/POLYGLANDULAR SYNDROME/ ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME
APSAC- ANISOYLATED PLASMINOGEN STREPTOKINASE ACTIVATOR COMPLEX
APTT- ACTIVATED PARTIAL THROMBOPLASTIN TIME
AQ BULL- BOILING WATER (FROM LATIN AQUA BULLIENS)
AQ CALID- WARM OR HOT WATER (FROM LATIN AQUA CALIDA)
AQ DIST- DISTILLED WATER (FROM LATIN AQUA DISTILLATA)
AQ GEL- COLD WATER (FROM LATIN AQUA GELIDA)
AQ- WATER (FROM LATIN AQUA)
AQ.- WATER (FROM LATIN AQUA)
AQ. BULL.- BOILING WATER (FROM LATIN AQUA BULLIENS)
AQ. CALID.- WARM OR HOT WATER (FROM LATIN AQUA CALIDA)
AQ. DIST.- DISTILLED WATER (FROM LATIN AQUA DISTILLATA)
AQ. GEL.- COLD WATER (FROM LATIN AQUA GELIDA)
AR- AORTIC REGURGITATION/ ATTRIBUTABLE RISK
ARB- ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST
ARBI- ALCOHOL-RELATED BRAIN INJURY (SUCH AS A FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDER OR ALCOHOL-RELATED DEMENTIA)
ARC- AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX
ARD- ABSOLUTE RISK DIFFERENCE/ALCOHOL RELATED DEMENTIA
ARDS- ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME
ARF- ACUTE RENAL FAILURE
ARG – ARGININE
ARG- ARGININE
ARM- ARTIFICIAL RUPTURE OF MEMBRANES (ALSO ABBREVIATED AS AROM)
ARMD- AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION
ARMS- ALVEOLAR RHABDOMYOSARCOMA
AROM- ACTIVE RANGE OF MOTION/ ARTIFICIAL RUPTURE OF MEMBRANES
ART- ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY/ ASSUMING ROOM TEMPERATURE (THAT IS/ THE PATIENT HAS DIED)/ ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGY
ART- ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY/ ASSUMING ROOM TEMPERATURE/ ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGY
ARVC- ARRHYTHMOGENIC RIGHT VENTRICULAR CARDIOMYOPATHY
ARVD- ARRHYTHMOGENIC RIGHT VENTRICULAR DYSPLASIA
AS- AORTIC STENOSIS/ ATHEROSCLEROSIS/ ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS
ASA- ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID (ASPIRIN)/ AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ANESTHESIOLOGISTS (PHYSICAL STATUS CLASS)
ASAP- AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
ASB- ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIURIA
ASC- AMBULATORY SURGERY CENTER/ ATYPICAL SQUAMOUS CELLS
ASCA- ANTI–SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE ANTIBODIES
ASCAD- ARTERIOSCLEROTIC CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
ASC-H- ATYPICAL SQUAMOUS CELLS—CANNOT EXCLUDE HSIL
ASCUS / ASC-US- ATYPICAL SQUAMOUS CELLS OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE
ASCVD- ARTERIOSCLEROTIC VASCULAR DISEASE (ARTERIOSCLEROSIS)
ASD- ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT
ASGUS- ATYPICAL SQUAMOUS GLANDULAR CELLS OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE
ASH- ALCOHOLIC STEATOHEPATITIS
ASH / ASHD- ARTERIOSCLEROTIC HEART DISEASE (CORONARY HEART DISEASE)
ASIS- ANTERIOR SUPERIOR ILIAC SPINE
ASO- ANTISTREPTOLYSIN-O
ASOT- ANTISTREPTOLYSIN-O TITRE
ASPECTS- ALBERTA STROKE PROGRAM EARLY CT SCORE
ASS – ASSESSMENT
ASS- ASSESSMENT
AST- ASPARTATE TRANSAMINASE
ASX – ASYMPTOMATIC
ASX- ASYMPTOMATIC
AT – ANTITHROMBIN/ ANGIOTENSIN
A-T- ATAXIA-TELANGIECTASIA
AT- ANTITHROMBIN/ ANGIOTENSIN
ATA- ANTITRANSGLUTAMINASE ANTIBODIES
ATB – ANTIBIOTIC
ATB- ANTIBIOTIC
ATCC- ATCC (COMPANY) (FORMERLY THE AMERICAN TYPE CULTURE COLLECTION)
ATG- ANTI-THYMOCYTE GLOBULIN
AT-III- ANTITHROMBIN III
ATLS- ADVANCED TRAUMA LIFE SUPPORT
ATN- ACUTE TUBULAR NECROSIS
ATNR- ASYMMETRICAL TONIC NECK REFLEX
ATP- ACUTE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA/ ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE/ ANTITACHYCARDIA PACING
ATP – ATYPICAL
ATP- ATYPICAL
ATRA- ALL-TRANS RETINOIC ACID
ATS- ANTITETANUS SERUM/ THAT IS ANTITETANUS IMMUNOGLOBULINS
ATYPICAL ANTIBODY TEST
AUC- AREA UNDER THE CURVE (PHARMACOLOGY)
AUR DEXTRO- TO RIGHT EAR (FROM LATIN AURIS DEXTRAE)
AUR- EAR (FROM LATIN AURIS)
AUR LAEV- TO LEFT EAR (FROM LATIN AURIS LAEVAE)
AUR.- EAR (FROM LATIN AURIS)
AUR. DEXTRO.- TO RIGHT EAR (FROM LATIN AURIS DEXTRAE)
AUR. LAEV- TO LEFT EAR (FROM LATIN AURIS LAEVAE)
AURIST- EAR DROPS (FROM LATIN AURISTILLAE)
AURIST.- EAR DROPS (FROM LATIN AURISTILLAE)
AUTOMATIC POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE
AV- ARTERIOVENOUS/ ATRIOVENTRICULAR
AVF- ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA
AVM- ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATION
AVN- AVASCULAR NECROSIS/ ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE
AVR- AORTIC VALVE REPLACEMENT
AVSS- AFEBRILE/ VITAL SIGNS STABLE
AX – AXILLARY
AX- AXILLARY
AXR- ABDOMINAL X-RAY
AYA- ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG ADULTS
AZT – AZIDOTHYMIDINE
AZT- AZIDOTHYMIDINE
B/L- BILATERAL
B/O- BECAUSE OF
BA- BARIUM
BAC- BLOOD ALCOHOL CONTENT
BAD- BIPOLAR AFFECTIVE DISORDER
BAL- BRONCHOALVEOLAR LAVAGE/BRITISH ANTI- LEWISITE/BLOOD ALCOHOL LEVEL
BAO- BASIC ACID OUTPUT
BAT- BROWN ADIPOSE TISSUE
BAV- BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE
BBA- BILATERAL BREAST AUGMENTATION
BBB- BLOOD–BRAIN BARRIER
BBB L- LEFT BUNDLE BRANCH BLOCK
BBB R- RIGHT BUNDLE BRANCH BLOCK
BBMF- "BONE BREAK ME FIX" (ORTHOPEDIC CONSENT FORM)
BBT- BASAL BODY TEMPERATURE
BC- BONE CONDUCTION/BLOOD CULTURE
BCC- BASAL CELL CARCINOMA/BLIND CARBON COPY
BCG- BACILLE CALMETTE–GUÉRIN (A TUBERCULOSIS VACCINATION)
BCP- BIRTH CONTROL PILL
BCP- BLOOD CHEMISTRY PROFILE
BCX- BLOOD CULTURE
BD- BIPOLAR DISORDER/TWICE A DAY (FROM LATIN BIS IN DIE)-
BDD- BODY DYSMORPHIC DISORDER
BDI- BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY
BDR- BACKGROUND DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
BE- BARIUM ENEMA/BASE EXCESS
BEP- BLEOMYCIN/ ETOPOSIDE AND CISPLATIN (CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMEN)
BFP- BUNDLE FORMING PILUS
BG- BLOOD GLUCOSE
BGAT- BLOOD GLUCOSE AWARENESS TRAINING (TO HELP PATIENTS WITH DIABETIC HYPOGLYCEMIA)
BGL- BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL
BIB- BROUGHT IN BY
BIBA- BROUGHT IN BY AMBULANCE
BID- TWICE A DAY (FROM LATIN BIS IN DIE)
BILAT EQ- BILATERALLY EQUAL-
BIPAP- BILEVEL POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE
BIS- BISPECTRAL INDEX
BIVAD- BILATERAL VENTRICULAR ASSIST DEVICE (LEFT AND RIGHT)
BK- BRADYKININ
BKA- BELOW- THE- KNEE AMPUTATION
BL- BURKITT'S LYMPHOMA
BLCULT- BLOOD CULTURE
BLD- BLOOD
BLE- BILATERAL LOWER EXTREMITY (IN/ON BOTH LEGS)
BLS- BASIC LIFE SUPPORT
BM- BONE MARROW/BOWEL MOVEMENT/BREAST MILK
BMBX- BONE MARROW BIOPSY
BMC- BONE MINERAL CONTENT
BMD- BONE MINERAL DENSITY
BMI- BODY MASS INDEX
BMP- BASIC METABOLIC PANEL
BMR- BASAL METABOLIC RATE
BMT- BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION
BNO- BOWEL NOT OPEN
BNP- BRAIN NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE
BO- BOWEL OPEN
BOA- BORN OUT OF ASEPSIS
BOI- BORN ON ISLAND (A LOCAL PATIENT)
BOM- BILATERAL OTITIS MEDIA
BOOP- BRONCHIOLITIS OBLITERANS ORGANIZING PNEUMONIA
BP- BLOOD PRESSURE / BIPOLAR DISORDER/ BRITISH PHARMACOPOEIA
BPAD- BIPOLAR AFFECTIVE DISORDER
BPCA- BEST PHARMACEUTICALS FOR CHILDREN ACT
BPD- BIPARIETAL DIAMETER/ BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER/ BRONCHOPULMONARY DYSPLASIA
BPH- BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA AKA BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY
BPM- BEATS PER MINUTE
BPP- BIOPHYSICAL PROFILE
BPPV- BENIGN PAROXYSMAL POSITIONAL VERTIGO
BR- BEDREST/ BATHROOM
BRA- BILATERAL RENAL AGENESIS
BRAT- THE BRAT DIET: BANANAS RICE APPLESAUCE TOAST (HELPS DIGESTION IN SOME GI DISORDERS)
BRB- BRIGHT RED BLOOD
BRBPR- BRIGHT RED BLOOD PER RECTUM
BRCA1 (GENE)/ BRCA1 (PROTEIN)- BREAST CANCER 1 (A HUMAN GENE AND ITS PROTEIN)
BRCA2 (GENE)/ BRCA2 (PROTEIN)- BREAST CANCER 2 (A HUMAN GENE AND ITS PROTEIN)
BRP- BATHROOM PRIVILEGES
BRTO- BALLOON- OCCLUDED RETROGRADE TRANSVENOUS OBLITERATION
BRVO- BRANCH RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION
BS- BREATH/ BREATH SOUND/ BLOOD SUGAR
BS X 4 QUADS- BOWEL SIGNS IN ALL 4 QUADRANTS (ALSO SOMETIMES BS + ALL 4 QUADS)
BSA- BODY SURFACE AREA/ BOVINE SERUM ALBUMIN
BSC- BEDSIDE COMMODE
BSE- BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY/ BREAST SELF- EXAMINATION
BSL- BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL
BSO- BILATERAL SALPINGO- OOPHORECTOMY
BSP- BROMSULPHTHALEIN
BSU- BARTHOLIN SKENE AND URETHRA (GLANDS)
BSX- B- SYMPTOMS
BT- BLEEDING TIME/ BRACHYTHERAPY
BTB- BREAKTHROUGH BLEEDING OF MENSTRUAL PERIOD
BTL- BILATERAL TUBAL LIGATION
BTP- BREAKTHROUGH PAIN
BUN- BLOOD UREA NITROGEN
BV- BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS
BVM- BAG VALVE MASK (AMBU BAG)
BVP- BIVENTRICULAR PACING/ LEOMYCIN/ VINCRISTINE/ AND CISPLATIN (CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMEN)
BW- BLOOD WORK (BLOOD TESTS)/ BIRTH WEIGHT
BX- BIOPSY
BZDS- BENZODIAZEPINES
C- CYTOSINE/ CERVICAL VERTEBRAE
C OR CYS – CYSTEINE
C OR CYS- CYSTEINE
C&S- CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY (ANTIBIOGRAM)
C/B- COMPLICATED BY
C/O OR C/O- COMPLAINS OF
C/S- CAESAREAN SECTION
C/W- CONSISTENT WITH
C1- ATLAS- FIRST CERVICAL VERTEBRA OF THE SPINE
C2- AXIS- SECOND CERVICAL VERTEBRA OF THE SPINE
CA- CALCIUM/ CARCINOMA/ CANCER
CA- CARCINOMA/ CANCER
CAA- CORONARY ARTERY ANEURYSM
CABG- CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT SURGERY (PRONOUNCED "CABBAGE")
CABP- CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS PROCEDURE
CAD- CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
CADASIL- CEREBRAL AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT ARTERIOPATHY WITH SUBCORTICAL INFARCTS AND LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY
CAG- CORONARY ARTERY GRAFT/ CORONARY ANGIOGRAPHY
CAGE- CUT DOWN/ ANNOYED/ GUILTY/ EYE OPENER (SCREENING FOR ALCOHOLISM)
CAGS- CORONARY ARTERY GRAFT SURGERY
CAH- CHRONIC ACTIVE HEPATITIS/ CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA
CALLA- COMMON ACUTE LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA ANTIGEN
CAM- CELL ADHESION MOLECULE/ COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
CAMP- CYCLIC ADENOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE
CAO- CONSCIOUS/ ALERT/ AND ORIENTED (NO ALTERED LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS)
CAOX- CALCIUM OXALATE
CAP- COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA
CAPD- CONTINUOUS AMBULATORY PERITONEAL DIALYSIS
CAPS- CAPSULE
CAT / CT- COMPUTED AXIAL TOMOGRAPHY / COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
CATH- CATHETER
CBA- COST–BENEFIT ANALYSIS (OF TREATMENT METHODS)
CBC- COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT
CBC/DIFF- COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT/DIFFERENTIAL
CBD- COMMON BILE DUCT
CBE- CLINICAL BREAST EXAMINATION
CBF- CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW
CBS- CHRONIC BRAIN SYNDROME
CC- CUBIC CENTIMETER (USE ML INSTEAD—SEE THE LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USED IN PRESCRIPTIONS)/ CHIEF COMPLAINT/ CARDIAC CATHETER/ CARBON COPY
CCA- CLEAR CELL ADENOCARCINOMA
CCB- CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKER
CCCU- CRITICAL CORONARY CARE UNIT
CCE- CLUBBING/ CYANOSIS/ AND EDEMA (GENERAL SIGNS OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE)
CCF- CONGESTIVE CARDIAC FAILURE
CCG- CLINICAL COMMISSIONING GROUP
CCK- CHOLECYSTOKININ
CCK-PZ- CHOLECYSTOKININ-PANCREOZYMIN
CCNS- CELL CYCLE–NONSPECIFIC [DRUG] (A TYPE OF DRUG USED IN CHEMOTHERAPY)
CCOC- CLEAR CELL ODONTOGENIC CARCINOMA
CCOT- CALCIFYING CYSTIC ODONTOGENIC TUMOR (FORMERLY CALLED CALCIFYING ODONTOGENIC CYST)
CCP- CYCLIC CITRULLINATED PEPTIDE
CCR- CARDIOCEREBRAL RESUSCITATION
CCU- CORONARY CARE UNIT/ CRITICAL CARE UNIT
CD- CROHN'S DISEASE/ CHEMICAL DEPENDENCY/ CLUSTER OF DIFFERENTIATION/ CONTROLLED DELIVERY
CDAD- CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE–ASSOCIATED DIARRHEA
CDC- CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION
CDH- CONGENITAL DISLOCATED HIP
CDI- CENTRAL DIABETES INSIPIDUS/ CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE INFECTION/ COOL/ DRY/ INTACT (WHEN REFERRING TO INCISION/SURGICAL SITES)
CDMR- CAESAREAN DELIVERY ON MATERNAL REQUEST
CDP- CYTOSINE DIPHOSPHATE
CDR- CUTANEOUS DRUG REACTION
CEA- CARCINOEMBRYONIC ANTIGEN/ CAROTID ENDARTERECTOMY/ COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS
CEIOL- CATARACT EXTRACTION WITH INTRAOCULAR LENS PLACEMENT
CF- CYSTIC FIBROSIS
CFA- COMPLEMENT-FIXING ANTIBODY/ COLONIZATION FACTOR ANTIGEN
CFIDS- CHRONIC FATIGUE IMMUNE DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME
CFR- CASE FATALITY RATE
CFS- CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME
CFT- COMPLEMENT FIXATION TEST/ CAPILLARY FILLING TIME
CFTR- CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR
CFU- COLONY-FORMING UNIT
CGD- CHRONIC GRANULOMATOUS DISEASE
CGI- CLINICAL GLOBAL IMPRESSION (INCLUDING SUBSCALES SUCH AS CGI-BP/ CGI-C/ CGI-E/ CGI-I/ CGI-S)
CGMP- CYCLIC GUANOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE
CGN- CHRONIC GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
CH- CONGENITAL HYPOTHYROIDISM
CHD- CHRONIC HEART DISEASE/ CONGENITAL HEART DEFECT/ CORONARY HEART DISEASE
CHE- CHOLINESTERASE
CHEM-20- A GROUP OF BLOOD TESTS
CHEM-7- A GROUP OF BLOOD TESTS/ COMMONLY CALLED A BASIC METABOLIC PANEL
CHEMOTHERAPY
CHF- CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE
CHILD-TURCOTTE-PUGH SCORE/ CLEAR TO PERCUSSION
CHO- CARBOHYDRATE
CHOL- CHOLESTEROL
CHOP- CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE/ DOXORUBICIN (AKA HYDROXYDAUNORUBICIN)/ VINCRISTINE (PREDNISONE (CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMEN)
CHS- CANNULATED HIP SCREW
CHT- CONGENITAL HYPOTHYROIDISM
CHURG-STRAUSS SYNDROME
CI- CONFIDENCE INTERVAL/ CARDIAC INDEX
CIB- CIBUS (FOOD)
CICU- CARDIAC INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
CIDP- CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY DEMYELINATING POLYNEUROPATHY
CIMF- CHRONIC IDIOPATHIC MYELOFIBROSIS
CIN- CERVICAL INTRAEPITHELIAL NEOPLASIA
CINV- CHEMOTHERAPY-INDUCED NAUSEA AND VOMITING
CIRC- CIRCUMCISION/ CIRCULATION
CIS- CARCINOMA IN SITU
CIVI- CONTINUOUS INTRAVENOUS INFUSION
CIWA- CLINICAL INSTITUTE WITHDRAWAL ASSESSMENT FOR ALCOHOL
CJD- CREUTZFELDT–JAKOB DISEASE
CK- CREATINE KINASE (FORMERLY CPK)
CKD- CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
CKMB- MB ISOENZYME OF CREATINE KINASE
CL- CHLORINE/ CLEARANCE
CLARE- CONTACT LENS ACUTE RED EYE
CLL- CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA
CLN- CERVICAL LYMPH NODE
CLND- CERVICAL LYMPH NODE DISSECTION/ COMPLETE LYMPH NODE DISSECTION
CLP- CLEFT LIP AND PALATE
CLS- CAPILLARY LEAK SYNDROME
CM- CAUCASIAN MALE
CM- CHIRURGIAE MAGISTER/ MASTER OF SURGERY (BRITISH AND COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES MEDICAL DEGREE)
CMD- CYSTIC MEDIAL DEGENERATION
CME- CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
CML- CHRONIC MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA/ ALSO CALLED CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKAEMIA
CMML- CHRONIC MYELOMONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA
CMO- COMFORT MEASURES ONLY (PALLIATIVE CARE OR HOSPICE)
CMP- COMPLETE METABOLIC PROFILE (A BLOOD PANEL)/ CYTOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE
CMS- CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES/ CHRONIC MOUNTAIN SICKNESS
CMT- CERVICAL MOTION TENDERNESS
CMV- CYTOMEGALOVIRUS
CN- CRANIAL NERVES
CNS- CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM/ CLINICAL NURSE SPECIALIST
CNVM- CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULAR MEMBRANES
CO- CARDIAC OUTPUT
CO2- CARBON DIOXIDE
COAD- CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE AIRWAYS DISEASE
COCP- COMBINED ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE PILL
COH- CONTROLLED OVARIAN HYPERSTIMULATION
COLD- CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASE
COLONY- STIMULATING FACTOR
COMP- COMPOUND
CONJ- CONJUNCTIVA
COP- CRYPTOGENIC ORGANIZING PNEUMONITIS
COPD- CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
CORTICOTROPHIN- RELEASING FACTOR
COX-1- CYCLOOXYGENASE 1
COX-2- CYCLOOXYGENASE 2
COX-3- CYCLOOXYGENASE 3
CP- CEREBRAL PALSY/ CHEST PAIN/ CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS
CPAP- CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE
CPC- CLINICAL–PATHOLOGICAL CONFERENCE
CPCR- CARDIOPULMONARY-CEREBRAL RESUSCITATION/ A VERSION OF CPR
CPD- CEPHALOPELVIC DISPROPORTION
CPE- CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS ENTEROTOXIN/ CARDIOGENIC PULMONARY EDEMA/ CARBAPENEMASE PRODUCING ''ENTEROBACTERIACEAE''
CPG- CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE
CPK- CREATINE PHOSPHOKINASE
CPKMB- CREATINE PHOSPHOKINASE HEART
CPP- CEREBRAL PERFUSION PRESSURE
CPPD- CALCIUM PYROPHOSPHATE/ CYCLIC PERIMENSTRUAL PAIN AND DISCOMFORT (PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME)
CPR- CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION
CPT- CURRENT PROCEDURAL TERMINOLOGY
CR- COMPLETE REMISSION (COMPLETE RESPONSE)/ CONTROLLED RELEASE
CR- CREATININE
CRC- COLORECTAL CANCER
CRCL- CREATININE CLEARANCE
CRD- CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE/ CIRCADIAN RHYTHM DISORDER
CRE- CARBAPENEM-RESISTANT ENTEROBACTERIACEAE
CREAT- CREATININE
CREST- CALCINOSIS/ RAYNAUD ESOPHAGUS/ SCLEROSIS/ TELEANGIECTASIAE
CRF- CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE
CRGN- CRESCENTIC GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
CRH- CORTICOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE
CRI- CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY
CRIGLER-NAJJAR SYNDROME
CRIKE- CRICOTHYROTOMY
CRISPR- CLUSTERED REGULARLY INTERSPACED SHORT PALINDROMIC REPEATS
CRIT- HEMATOCRIT
CRL- CROWN-RUMP LENGTH
CRNA- CERTIFIED REGISTERED NURSE ANESTHETIST
CRO- CONTRACT RESEARCH ORGANIZATION
CRP- C-REACTIVE PROTEIN
CRPC- CASTRATION-RESISTANT PROSTATE CANCER
CRPS- COMPLEX REGIONAL PAIN SYNDROME
CRRT- CONTINUOUS RENAL REPLACEMENT THERAPY
CRS- CONGENITAL RUBELLA SYNDROME
CRSD- CIRCADIAN RHYTHM SLEEP DISORDER
CRT- CARDIAC RESYNCHRONIZATION THERAPY (ARTIFICIAL PACEMAKER)/ CHEMORADIOTHERAPY/ CONFORMAL RADIOTHERAPY (IRRADIATED ZONE CONFORMS TO BOUNDARIES)/ CATHODE RAY TUBE/ CAPILLARY REFILL TIME/ CENTRAL RETINAL THICKNESS/ CERTIFIED RESPIRATORY THERAPIST
CRTX- CHEMORADIOTHERAPY
CS- CAESAREAN SECTION/ COMPARTMENT SYNDROME/ CULTURE SENSITIVITY
CSA- CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ACT
CSA- CYCLOSPORIN A
C-SECTION- CESAREAN SECTION
CSF- CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
CSME- CLINICALLY SIGNIFICANT MACULAR EDEMA
CSOM- CHRONIC SUPPURATIVE OTITIS MEDIA
CSPC- COMMUNITY SPECIALIST PALLIATIVE CARE
C-SPINE- CERVICAL SPINE
CSR- CUMULATIVE SURVIVAL RATE
C-SSRS- COLUMBIA SUICIDE SEVERITY RATING SCALE
CST- CONTRACTION STRESS TEST
CSU- CATHETER SPECIMEN OF URINE
CT- COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY/ CERVICOTHORACIC
CTA- CLEAR TO AUSCULTATION/ COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY
CTAP- CT DURING ARTERIAL PORTOGRAPHY
CTCAE- COMMON TERMINOLOGY CRITERIA FOR ADVERSE EVENTS
CTD- CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE
CTE- CHRONIC TRAUMATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY/ COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION
CTO- CHRONIC TOTAL OCCLUSION/ COMMUNITY TREATMENT ORDER (PSYCHIATRIC TERM FOR FORCED DRUGGING OUTSIDE HOSPITAL CONTEXT)
CTP- CYTOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE/ CYTIDINE TRIPHOSPHATE
CTPA- COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHIC PULMONARY ANGIOGRAPHY
CTPE- CT SCAN FOR PULMONARY EMBOLI
CTR- CARPAL TUNNEL RELEASE
CTS- COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY SCAN/ CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME
CTU- CANCER TREATMENT UNIT
CTX- CEFTRIAXONE (A THIRD-GENERATION CEPHALOSPORIN ANTIBIOTIC)/ CONTRACTIONS
CTX- CHEMOTHERAPY
CTZ- CHEMORECEPTOR TRIGGER ZONE
CUC- CHRONIC ULCERATIVE COLITIS
CV- CARDIOVASCULAR
CVA- CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT/ COSTOVERTEBRAL ANGLE
CVAD- CENTRAL VENOUS ACCESS DEVICE
CVAT- COSTOVERTEBRAL ANGLE TENDERNESS
CVC- CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETER/ CHRONIC VENOUS CONGESTION
CVD- CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
CVI- CEREBROVASCULAR INCIDENT
CVID- COMMON VARIABLE IMMUNODEFICIENCY
CVL- CENTRAL VENOUS LINE
CVP- CENTRAL VENOUS PRESSURE
CVS- CHORIONIC VILLUS SAMPLING/ CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
CWP- COAL WORKER'S PNEUMOCONIOSIS
CX- CERVIX
CX- MICROBIOLOGICAL CULTURE
CXR- CHEST X-RAY (CHEST RADIOGRAPH)
D- DAY(S)
D OR ASP – ASPARTIC ACID
D OR ASP- ASPARTIC ACID
D&C- DILATATION AND CURETTAGE
D&E- DILATATION AND EVACUATION
D/C- DISCHARGE/ DISCONTINUE
D/O- DIED OF/ DISORDER
D/T- DUE TO
D25- 25% DEXTROSE INJECTIONS
D4T- STAVUDINE
D5- 5% DEXTROSE
D5W- 5% DEXTROSE IN WATER
D5W- 5% DEXTROSE IN WATER- IV FLUIDS FOR INTRAVENOUS THERAPY
DA- DOPAMINE
DAEC- DIFFUSELY ADHERENT ESCHERICHIA COLI
DAF- DECAY ACCELERATING FACTOR
DAI- DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY
DALY- DISABILITY-ADJUSTED LIFE YEAR
DAPT- DUAL ANTI-PLATELET THERAPY
DBP- DIASTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE
DBS- DEEP BRAIN STIMULATION
DCBE- DOUBLE CONTRAST BARIUM ENEMA
DCCV- DIRECT CURRENT CARDIOVERSION
DCD- DONATION AFTER CARDIAC DEATH
DCIS- DUCTAL CARCINOMA IN SITU
DCM- DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY
DD- DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
DDAVP- DESMOPRESSIN ACETATE
DDC- ZALCITABINE
DDD- DAILY DEFINED DOSES/ DEGENERATIVE DISK DISEASE
DDH- DEVELOPMENTAL HIP DYSPLASIA
DDI- DIDANOSINE
DDX- DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
DES- DIETHYLSTILBESTROL
DEXA- DUAL ENERGY X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY
DH- DEVELOPMENTAL HISTORY/ DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH (UNITED KINGDOM)/ A BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT
DHE- DIHYDROERGOTAMINE
DHEA-S- DEHYDROEPIANDROSTERONE SULPHATE
DHF- DECOMPENSATED HEART FAILURE
DHR- DIHYDRORHODAMINE
DHT- DIHYDROTESTOSTERON
DHT- DOBHOFF TUBE
DI- DIABETES INSIPIDUS
DIB- DEAD IN BED/ DIFFICULTY IN BREATHING
DIC- DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION
DICVP- DIPLOMAT/ INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE OF VETERINARY PHARMACY
DI-DI- DICHROMATIC DIAMNIONIC TWINS
DIL- DRUG-INDUCED LUPUS
DILI- DRUG-INDUCED LIVER INJURY
DIP- DISTAL INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT OR DIFFUSE INTERSTITIAL PNEUMONITIS
DIPERTE- DIPHTHERIA-PERTUSSIS-TETANUS (COMBINED VACCINATION)
DIS- DISLOCATION
DISCH- DISCHARGE
DITE- DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS (COMBINED VACCINATION)
DIU- DEATH IN UTERO (STILLBIRTH)
DJD- DEGENERATIVE JOINT DISEASE (OSTEOARTHRITIS)
DKA- DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS
DL- DECILITER
DLB- DEMENTIA WITH LEWY BODIES
DLCO- DIFFUSING CAPACITY OF THE LUNG FOR CARBON MONOXIDE
DLE- DISSEMINATED LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS (SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS)
DLI- DONOR LYMPHOCYTE INFUSION
DLP- DYSLIPOPROTEINEMIA
DM- DIABETES MELLITUS/ DERMATOMYOSITIS
DM2- TYPE TWO DIABETES MELLITUS/ FORMERLY KNOWN AS NON-INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES MELLITUS (NIDDM)
DMARD- DISEASE-MODIFYING ANTIRHEUMATIC DRUG
DMD- DUCHENNE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY/ DENTARIAE MEDICINAE DOCTOR/ THAT IS/ DOCTOR OF DENTAL MEDICINE
DMPA- DEPOT MEDROXYPROGESTERONE ACETATE
DMSA- DIMERCAPTOSUCCINIC ACID
DMT- DIMETHYLTRYPTAMINE
DNA- DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID
DNACPR- DO NOT ATTEMPT CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION
DNAR- DO NOT ATTEMPT RESUSCITATION
DNI- DO NOT INTUBATE
DNR- DO NOT RESUSCITATE
DO- DOCTOR OF OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE
DOA- DEAD ON ARRIVAL/ DRUGS OF ABUSE
DOB- DIFFICULTY OF BREATHING/ DATE OF BIRTH
DOE- DYSPNEA ON EXERTION
DOH- DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
DOL- DAY OF LIFE
DOS- DATE OF SERVICE
DOSS- DOCUSATE SODIUM; FROM THE CHEMICAL NAME DIOCTYL SODIUM SULFOSUCCINATE
DOWN SYNDROME (TRISOMY 21)
DP- DORSALIS PEDIS
DPH- DIPHENYLHYDANTOIN
DPL- DIAGNOSTIC PERITONEAL LAVAGE
DPLD- DIFFUSE PARENCHYMAL LUNG DISEASE
DPM- DOCTOR OF PODIATRIC MEDICINE
DPT- DIPHTHERIA-PERTUSSIS-TETANUS (DPT VACCINE)
DRE- DIGITAL RECTAL EXAMINATION
DRPLA- DENTATORUBRAL-PALLIDOLUYSIAN ATROPHY
DRT- DEAD RIGHT THERE
DRUG-ELUTING STENT
DS- DIAGNOSIS
DS- DISEASE
DSA- DIGITAL SUBTRACTION ANGIOGRAPHY/ DONOR SPECIFIC ANTIBODY
DSD- DRY STERILE DRESSING
DSG- DRESSING
DSM- DIAGNOSTIC AND STATISTICAL MANUAL OF MENTAL DISORDERS
DSRNA- DOUBLE-STRANDED RNA
DT- DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS (COMBINED VACCINATION)/ DELIRIUM TREMENS
DTA- DESCENDING THORACIC AORTA
DTAP- DIPHTHERIA–TETANUS–ACELLULAR PERTUSSIS (COMBINED VACCINATION)
DTP- DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS-PERTUSSIS (COMBINED VACCINATION)
DTR- DEEP TENDON REFLEX
DTS- DELIRIUM TREMENS
DU- DUODENAL ULCER (SEE PEPTIC ULCER)
DUB- DYSFUNCTIONAL UTERINE BLEEDING
DVT- DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS
DW- DEXTROSE IN WATER
DX- DIAGNOSIS
DZ- DISEASE
E- ECSTASY/ ELECTROLYTES/ ENTEROCOCCUS/ EPINEPHRINE
E OR GLU – GLUTAMIC ACID
E OR GLU- GLUTAMIC ACID
EAC- EXTERNAL ACOUSTIC MEATUS
EACA- EPSILON-AMINOCAPROIC ACID
EAEC- ENTEROADHESIVE ESCHERICHIA COLI
EAF- ENTERIC ADHERENCE FACTOR
EAM- EXTERNAL AUDITORY MEATUS
EBL- ESTIMATED BLOOD LOSS (SEE BLEEDING)
EBM- EVIDENCE-BASED MEDICINE/ EXPRESSED BREAST MILK
EBRT- EXTERNAL BEAM RADIATION THERAPY
EBT- ELECTRON BEAM TOMOGRAPHY
EBV- EPSTEIN–BARR VIRUS
EC- ENTERIC COATING
ECC- ENDOCERVICAL CURETTAGE
ECD- ENDOCARDIAL CUSHION DEFECT
ECF- EXTRACELLULAR FLUID/ ENTERIC CYTOPATHIC HUMAN ORPHAN
ECG- ELECTROCARDIOGRAM
ECHO- ENTERIC CYTOPATHIC HUMAN ORPHAN VIRUS
ECI- FEBRIS E CAUSA IGNOTA (NORMALLY WRITTEN AS FEBRIS ECI)
ECLS- EXTRACORPOREAL LIFE SUPPORT
ECM- EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX
ECMO- EXTRACORPOREAL MEMBRANE OXYGENATION
ECP- EMERGENCY CARE PRACTITIONER
ECT- ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY
ECTR- ENDOSCOPIC CARPAL TUNNEL RELEASE
ED- EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT/ ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION/ ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA
EDC- ESTIMATED DATE OF CONFINEMENT (AT 40/40 WEEKS OF PREGNANCY)
EDD- ESTIMATED DATE OF DELIVERY (AT 40/40 WEEKS OF PREGNANCY)/ EXPECTED DATE OF DELIVERY/ ESTIMATED DATE OF DISCHARGE
EDF- END DIASTOLIC FLOW (DESCRIBING THE FLOW OF BLOOD THROUGH THE UMBILICAL ARTERY)
EDH- EPIDURAL HEMATOMA
EDM- ESOPHAGEAL DOPPLER MONITOR
EDRF- ENDOTHELIUM-DERIVED RELAXING FACTOR AKA NITRIC OXIDE
EDS- EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME
EDTA- ETHYLENE-DIAMINE-TETRAACETIC ACID
EDV- END-DIASTOLIC VOLUME
EEE- EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS
EEG- ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM
EENT- EARS/ EYES/ NOSE/ THROAT (SEE OTOLARYNGOLOGY)
EEX- ELECTRODIAGNOSIS
EF- EJECTION FRACTION
EFM- ELECTRONIC FETAL MONITORING/ AKA EXTERNAL FETAL MONITORING (CARDIOTOCOGRAPH)
EFS- EVENT-FREE SURVIVAL
EFW- ESTIMATED FETAL WEIGHT
EGBUS- EXTERNAL GENITALIA/ BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS/ URETHRA & SKENE'S GLANDS
EGD- ESOPHAGOGASTRODUODENOSCOPY
EGF- EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR
EGPA- EOSINOPHILIC GRANULOMATOSIS WITH POLYANGIITIS (FORMERLY KNOWN AS CHURG-STRAUSS SYNDROME)
EHEC- ENTEROHEMORRHAGIC ESCHERICHIA COLI
EIA- EXTERNAL ILIAC ARTERY EXTERNAL ILIAC ARTERY
EIEC- ENTEROINVASIVE ESCHERICHIA COLI
EJ- ELBOW JERK (TRICEPS REFLEX)
EKG- ELECTROCARDIOGRAM
ELISA- ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY
ELLSCS- ELECTIVE LOWER SEGMENT CAESAREAN SECTION
EM- ERYTHEMA MULTIFORME
EMB- ETHAMBUTOL/ ENDOMETRIAL BIOPSY OR ENDOMYOCARDIAL BIOPSY
EMBX- ENDOMETRIAL BIOPSY
EMC- ENCEPHALOMYOCARDITIS
EMD- EARLY MORNING DISCOVERY/ ELECTROMECHANICAL DISSOCIATION
EMDEX- ESSENTIAL MEDICINES INDEX
EMF- ENDOMYOCARDIAL FIBROSIS
EMG- ELECTROMYOGRAPHY
EMLSCS- EMERGENCY LOWER SEGMENT CAESAREAN SECTION
EMU- EARLY MORNING URINE SAMPLE (BEING THE MOST CONCENTRATED/ GENERALLY USED FOR PREGNANCY TESTING)
EMUL- EMULSION
ENT- EAR/ NOSE/ AND THROAT (SEE OTOLARYNGOLOGY)
EOB- EDGE OF BED
EOL- END-OF-LIFE
EOLC- END-OF-LIFE CARE
EOM- EXTRAOCULAR MUSCLES
EOMI- EXTRAOCULAR MOVEMENTS INTACT (SEE EYE MOVEMENT)
EPCT- ESTROGEN-PROGESTERONE CHALLENGE TEST
EPEC- ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI
EPH- EDEMA/ PROTEINURIA/ HYPERTENSION
EPO- ERYTHROPOIETIN
EPS- ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY/ EXTRAPYRAMIDAL SYNDROMES
ER- EMERGENCY ROOM
ERCP- ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY
ERM- EPIRETINAL MEMBRANE
ERMS- EMBRYONAL RHABDOMYOSARCOMA
ESA- ERYTHROPOIESIS-STIMULATING AGENT
ESBL- EXTENDED SPECTRUM BETA-LACTAMASE (SEE ALSO GRAM-NEGATIVE BACTERIA)
ESHAP- ETOPOSIDE/ CISPLATIN/ CYTARABINE/ METHYLPREDNISOLONE (CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMEN FOR RELAPSED NON-HODGKIN LYMPHOMA)
ESL- EXTRACORPOREAL SHOCKWAVE LITHOTRIPSY
ESM- EJECTION SYSTOLIC MURMUR
ESR- ERYTHROCYTE SEDIMENTATION RATE
ESRD- END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE
ESRF- END-STAGE RENAL FAILURE
ESS- EMPTY SELLA SYNDROME/ ENHANCED SUPPORT SERVICE
EST- ENDODERMAL SINUS TUMOR
ESV- END-SYSTOLIC VOLUME
ESWL- EXTRACORPOREAL SHOCKWAVE LITHOTRIPSY
ET- ENDOTHELIN/ ENDOTRACHEAL/ EMBRYO TRANSFER
ETEC- ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI
ETIOL- ETIOLOGY
ETOH- ETHANOL (ETHYL ALCOHOL)
ETS- ENDOSCOPIC THORACIC SYMPATHECTOMY
ETT- ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE
EUA- EXAMINATION UNDER ANESTHESIA
EUP- EXTRAUTERINE PREGNANCY
EUS- ENDOSCOPIC ULTRASONOGRAPHY
EVAR- ENDOVASCULAR ANEURYSM REPAIR
EVF- ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME FRACTION
EXAM- EXAMINATION (FOR EXAMPLE/ PHYSICAL EXAMINATION)
EXP LAP- EXPLORATORY LAPAROTOMY
EXT- EXTREMITIES
F OR PHE – PHENYLALANINE
F OR PHE- PHENYLALANINE
F/C- FEVERS AND/OR CHILLS
F/U- FOLLOW-UP
F→N- FINGER-TO-NOSE TEST (ONE SIMPLE CLINICAL TEST OF MOTOR COORDINATION)
FA- FANCONI ANEMIA
FAMMM SYNDROME- FAMILIAL ATYPICAL MULTIPLE MOLE MELANOMA SYNDROME
FANA- FLUORESCENT ANTINUCLEAR ANTIBODY TEST
FAP- FAMILIAL ADENOMATOUS POLYPOSIS
FAST- FOCUSED ASSESSMENT WITH SONOGRAPHY FOR TRAUMA
FB- FOREIGN BODY
FBC- FAMILY BIRTH CENTER/ FULL BLOOD COUNT
FBE- FULL BLOOD EXAM
FBG- FASTING BLOOD GLUCOSE
FBS- FAILED BACK SYNDROME/ FASTING BLOOD SUGAR
FCS- FACIOCUTANEOSKELETAL SYNDROME
FDC- FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS
FDG- FLUORDEOXYGLUCOSE
FDIU- FETAL DEMISE IN UTERO
FDP- FIBRIN DEGRADATION PRODUCT
FE- IRON
FEF25–75- FORCED EXPIRATORY FLOW AT 25–75% OF FORCED VITAL CAPACITY
FEM- FEMALE/ FEMORAL
FEN- FLUIDS/ ELECTROLYTES/ NUTRITION
FEP- FREE ERYTHROCYTE PROTOPORPHYRIN/ FIBROEPITHELIAL POLYP
FESS- FUNCTIONAL ENDOSCOPIC SINUS SURGERY
FET- FROZEN EMBRYO TRANSFER
FEV1- FORCED EXPIRATORY VOLUME IN 1 SECOND
FF- FREE FLUIDS (NON-THICKENED FLUIDS)
FFA- FREE FATTY ACIDS
FFP- FRESH FROZEN PLASMA
FHR- FETAL HEART RATE
FHS- FETAL HEART SOUND
FHT- FETAL HEART TONES
FHX- FAMILY HISTORY (IN MEDICINE/ MEANING SPECIFICALLY THE MEDICAL HISTORIES OF FAMILY MEMBERS AND ANCESTORS)
FIBD- FOUND IN BED DEAD
FISH- FLUORESCENCE IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION
FL- FEMUR LENGTH
FLAIR- FLUID ATTENUATED INVERSION RECOVERY
FLK- FUNNY-LOOKING KID (SLANG REFERENCE TO DYSMORPHIC FEATURES)
FLOZ- FLUID OUNCE (1 IMPERIAL FLUID OUNCE ≈ 284 ML; 1 US FLUID OUNCE ≈ 296 ML) (USE OF THESE UNITS IS GENERALLY DEPRECATED IN MODERN MEDICINE IN FAVOR OF ML)
FM- FETAL MOVEMENT
FMF- FETAL MOVEMENTS FELT
FMP- FIRST MENSTRUAL PERIOD (THAT IS/ MENARCHE)
FMPP- FAMILIAL MALE PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY
FMRI- FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
FMS- FIBROMYALGIA SYNDROME
FNA- FINE-NEEDLE ASPIRATION
FNAB- FINE-NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSY
FNAC- FINE-NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY
FNC- FULL NURSING CARE
FNH- FOCAL NODULAR HYPERPLASIA
FOB- FOOT OF BED/ FATHER OF BABY
FOBT- FECAL OCCULT BLOOD TEST
FOF- FOUND ON FLOOR (PATIENT FELL OUT OF BED)
FOOSH- FALL ON OUTSTRETCHED HAND
FOP FIBROUSDYSPLASIA OSSIFICANS PROGRESSIVE
FOS- FULL OF STOOL
FP- FAMILY PLANNING
FPG- FASTING PLASMA GLUCOSE
FRDA- FRIEDREICH'S ATAXIA
FROM- FULL RANGE OF MOTION
FSBS- FINGER-STICK BLOOD SUGAR (ONE METHOD OF BLOOD GLUCOSE MONITORING)
FSE- FETAL SCALP ELECTRODE
FSGS- FOCAL AND SEGMENTAL GLOMERULOSCLEROSIS
FSH- FOLLICLE-STIMULATING HORMONE
FTA- FLUORESCENT TREPONEMAL ANTIBODY
FTA-ABS- FLUORESCENT TREPONEMAL ANTIBODY ABSORPTION
FTT- FAILURE TO THRIVE
FUE- FOLLICULAR UNIT EXTRACTION
FUO- FEVER OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN
FUT- FOLLICULAR UNIT TRANSPLANTATION
FVC- FORCED VITAL CAPACITY (SPIROMETRY TEST VALUE USED IN ASSESSMENT OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE)
FWB- FULL WEIGHT BEARING
FWD- FULL WARD DIET/ FORWARD
FX- FRACTURE
FX- FUNCTION
G- GRAVIDITY (TOTAL NUMBER OF PREGNANCIES SUCCESSFUL OR NOT)/ GUANOSINE
G6PD- GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE-DEHYDROGENASE
GA- GENERAL ANAESTHESIA/ GESTATIONAL AGE
GABA- GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID
GABHS- GROUP A BETA-HEMOLYTIC STREPTOCOCCUS
GAPS- GUIDELINES FOR ADOLESCENT PREVENTATIVE SERVICES
GB- GALLBLADDER
GBC- GALLBLADDER CARCINOMA
GBM- GLIOBLASTOMA MULTIFORME/ GLOMERULAR BASEMENT MEMBRANE
GBS- GROUP B STREP
GC- GENERAL CONDITION/ GONOCOCCUS
GCA- GIANT CELL ARTERITIS
GCS- GLASGOW COMA SCALE/ GRADUATED COMPRESSION STOCKINGS
G-CSF- GRANULOCYTE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR
GCT- GERM CELL TUMOR/ GLUCOSE CHALLENGE TEST/ GIANT CELL TUMOR
GDA- GASTRODUODENAL ARTERY
GDLH- GLUTAMATE DEHYDROGENASE
GDM- GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS
GDP- GUANOSINE DIPHOSPHATE
GDS- GERIATRIC DEPRESSION SCALE
GERD- GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE
GFR- GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE
GGT- GAMMA GLUTAMYL TRANSFERASE
GGTP- GAMMA GLUTAMYL TRANSPEPTIDASE
GH- GROWTH HORMONE
GHRF- GROWTH HORMONE RELEASING FACTOR
GHRH- GROWTH HORMONE RELEASING HORMONE
GI- GASTROINTESTINAL/ GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT
GIA- A MODEL OF SURGICAL STAPLE (GI: GASTRO-INTESTINAL)
GIB- GASTROINTESTINAL BLEED
GIFT- GAMETE INTRAFALLOPIAN TRANSFER
GIS- GASTROINTESTINAL SURGEON
GIST- GASTROINTESTINAL STROMAL TUMOR
GIT- GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT
GITS- GASTROINTESTINAL THERAPEUTIC SYSTEM
GMC- GENERAL MEDICAL CONDITION
GM-CSF- GRANULOCYTE MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR
GMP- GUANOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE
GN- GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
GNRH- GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE
GOAT- GALVESTON ORIENTATION AND AMNESIA TEST
GOD- GLUCOSE OXIDASE
GOK- GOD ONLY KNOWS
GOMER- GET OUTTA MY ER
GORD- GASTRO-OESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE
GOT- GLUTAMIC-OXALACETIC TRANSAMINASE
GP- GENERAL PRACTITIONER/ GOODPASTURE'S SYNDROME
GPA- GRANULOMATOSIS WITH POLYANGIITIS (FORMERLY KNOWN AS WEGENER'S GRANULOMATOSIS)
GPCL- GAS PERMEABLE CONTACT LENS
GPT- GLUTAMIC-PYRUVIC TRANSAMINASE
GR- GRAIN
GRAV I- GRAVIDITY = 1 (INDICATING A WOMAN DURING HER FIRST PREGNANCY)
GSW- GUNSHOT WOUND
GTN- GLYCERYL TRINITRATE/ GESTATIONAL TROPHOBLASTIC NEOPLASIA
GTT- GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST/ GESTATIONAL TROPHOBLASTIC TUMOR
GTTS- GUTTAE (DROPS)
GU- GENITOURINARY/ GASTRIC ULCER
GUILLAIN–BARRÉ SYNDROME
GUM- GENITOURINARY MEDICINE (OFTEN USED MORE RESTRICTIVELY AS ALTERNATIVE TO SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE CLINIC)
GVH- GRAFT-VERSUS-HOST
GVHD/ GVHD- GRAFT-VERSUS-HOST DISEASE
GXT- GRADED EXERCISE TEST
GYN- GYNECOLOGY
H- HISTAMINE OR ITS RECEPTORS (IF WITH SUBSCRIPTS)/HEMAGGLUTININ
H- HOUR OR HOURS
H OR HIS – HISTIDINE
H OR HIS- HISTIDINE
H S- AT BEDTIME (FROM LATIN HORA SOMNI)
H&E- HEMATOXYLIN AND EOSIN- A STANDARD TISSUE STAIN
H&M- HEMATEMESIS AND MELENA
H&P- HISTORY AND PHYSICAL EXAMINATION (WHICH VERY OFTEN ARE CONSIDERED AS A PAIR)
H/A- HEADACHE
H/H OR H&H- HEMOGLOBIN AND HEMATOCRIT
H/O- HISTORY OF
H/OPI- HISTORY OF THE PRESENT ILLNESS
H→S- HEEL-TO-SHIN TEST
HA- HYPERTONIA ARTERIALIS/HEADACHE/CALCIUM HYDROXYAPATITE
HAA- HEPATITIS-ASSOCIATED ANTIGEN OR #HISTORY AS ABOVE
HAART- HIGHLY ACTIVE ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY
HACA- HUMAN ANTI-CHIMERIC ANTIBODY
HACE- HIGH-ALTITUDE CEREBRAL EDEMA
HACEK- ACRONYM FOR A GROUP OF BACTERIA THAT ARE A FREQUENT CAUSE OF ENDOCARDITIS IN CHILDREN
HAD- HIV-ASSOCIATED DEMENTIA
HADS- HOSPITAL ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION SCALE
HAE- HEREDITARY ANGIOEDEMA
HAI- HEALTHCARE-ASSOCIATED INFECTION OR HOSPITAL-ACQUIRED INFECTION
HALE- HEALTH-ADJUSTED LIFE EXPECTANCY
HAPE- HIGH-ALTITUDE PULMONARY EDEMA
HAV- HEPATITIS A VIRUS
HB- HEART BLOCK
HB- HEMOGLOBIN
HB%- HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION IN GRAM PER DECILITER
HBA- HEMOGLOBIN A (COMMONEST TYPE OF HEMOGLOBIN)
HBA1C- GLYCOSYLATED HEMOGLOBIN (USED AS A MEASURE OF DIABETES CONTROL)
HBD- HAS BEEN DRINKING
HBF- FETAL HEMOGLOBIN
HBO- HYPERBARIC OXYGEN
HBP- HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE- THAT IS- HYPERTENSION
HBSAG- HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGEN
HBV- HEPATITIS B VIRUS
HC- HEAD CIRCUMFERENCE/HEMORRHAGIC COLITIS/HOMOCYSTEINE
HCA- HEALTHCARE ASSOCIATED- AS IN HCA-CDI
HCC- HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA
HCF- HEALTHCARE FACILITY
HCFA- HEALTHCARE FACILITY ASSOCIATED- AS IN HCFA-CDI
HCG- HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN
HCL- HAIRY CELL LEUKEMIA
HCM- HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY/HEALTHCARE MAINTENANCE
HCRP- HOSPITAL CORNEA RETRIEVAL PROGRAMME
HCT- HEMATOCRIT
HCT- HEMATOCRIT/HEMATOPOIETIC CELL TRANSPLANTATION
HCTZ- HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE
HCV- HEPATITIS C VIRUS
HD- HODGKIN DISEASE/HEMODIALYSIS/HUNTINGTON'S DISEASE
HDL- HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN
HDL-C- HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN-CHOLESTEROL
HDN- HEMOLYTIC DISEASE OF THE NEWBORN
HDU- HIGH DEPENDENCY UNIT
HDV- HEPATITIS D VIRUS
HDW- HEMOGLOBIN DISTRIBUTION WIDTH
HE- HEPATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY
HEC- HIGH EMETOGENIC CHEMOTHERAPY
HEENT- HEAD- EYES- EARS- NOSE- THROAT
HELLP- HEMOLYSIS- ELEVATED LIVER ENZYMES- LOW PLATELETS (SYNDROME) (IN PREGNANCY)
HEMA- HEMATEST- EG HEMA (-)- FECAL OCCULT BLOOD
HEMA- HYDROXY ETHYL METHACRYLATE- A MATERIAL IN SOFT CONTACT LENSES
HES- HYDROXYETHYL STARCH
HETE- HYDROXYEICOSATETRAENOIC ACID
HEV- HEPATITIS E VIRUS
HF- HEART FAILURE
HFM- HAND- FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE
HFMD- HAND- FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE
HFPEF- HEART FAILURE WITH PRESERVED EJECTION FRACTION
HFREF- HEART FAILURE WITH REDUCED EJECTION FRACTION
HFRS- HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME
HGB- HEMOGLOBIN
HGPRTASE- HYPOXANTHINE-GUANINE PHOSPHORIBOSYL TRANSFERASE
HGSIL- HIGH-GRADE SQUAMOUS INTRAEPITHELIAL LESION
HGV- HEPATITIS G VIRUS
HH- HIATUS HERNIA
HHT- HEREDITARY HEMORRHAGIC TELANGIECTISIA
HHV- HUMAN HERPESVIRUS/(INCLUDING NUMEROUS SUBTYPES SUCH AS HHV8)
HI- HOMICIDAL IDEATION
HIB- HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE B
HIDA- HEPATOBILIARY IMINODIACETIC ACID
HIDS- HYPER-IGD (AND PERIODIC FEVER) SYNDROME
HIT- HEPARIN-INDUCED THROMBOCYTOPENIA
HIV- HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
HL- HEPATIC LIPASE/HODGKIN'S LYMPHOMA/HEARING LEVEL
HLA- HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN
HLD- HYPERLIPIDEMIA
HLHS- HYPOPLASTIC LEFT HEART SYNDROME
HMD- HYALINE MEMBRANE DISEASE
HMG- HUMAN MENOPAUSAL GONADOTROPIN
HMG-COA- 3-HYDROXY-3-METHYL-GLUTARYL-COA
HMGR- 3-HYDROXY-3-METHYL-GLUTARYL-COA REDUCTASE
H-MOLE- HYDATIDIFORM MOLE
HMS- HYPERREACTIVE MALARIAL SPLENOMEGALY
HMSN- HEREDITARY MOTOR SENSORY NEUROPATHY
HN- HEMAGGLUTININ-NEURAMINIDASE
HND- HEMOLYTIC DISEASE OF THE NEWBORN
HNP- SPINAL DISK HERNIATION OR HERNIATED DISK- THAT IS- HERNIATED NUCLEUS PULPOSUS
HNPCC- HEREDITARY NONPOLYPOSIS COLORECTAL CANCER
HOB- HEAD OF BED (USUALLY FOLLOWED BY NUMBER OF DEGREES OF ELEVATION- EG- HOB 10°)
HOCM- HYPERTROPHIC OBSTRUCTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY
HONK- HYPEROSMOLAR NONKETOTIC COMA
HOPI- HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS
HOTN- HYPOTENSION
HPA- HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS
HPETE- HYDROXYEICOSATETRAENOIC ACID
HPF- HIGH-POWER FIELD (MICROSCOPY)
HPL- HUMAN PLACENTAL LACTOGEN (SAME AS HUMAN CHORIONIC SOMATOMAMMOTROPIN)
HPOA- HYPERTROPHIC PULMONARY OSTEOARTHROPATHY (CLUBBING)
HPS- HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME
HPV- HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS
HR- HEART RATE
HR- HOUR OR HOURS
HRAS- HARVEY RAT SARCOMA VIRAL ONCOGENE HOMOLOG
HRCT- HIGH-RESOLUTION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
HRT- HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY
HS- HOURS OF SLEEP
HSC- HUMAN CHORIONIC SOMATOMAMMOTROPIN (SAME AS HUMAN PLACENTAL LACTOGEN)
HSG- HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAM
HSIL- HIGH-GRADE SQUAMOUS INTRAEPITHELIAL LESION
HSM- HEPATOSPLENOMEGALY
HSP- HENOCH–SCHÖNLEIN PURPURA
HSV- HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS
HT- HEIGHT
HT- HYPERTENSION
HTLV- HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS
HTN- HYPERTENSION
HTPA- HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS
HTVD- HYPERTENSIVE VASCULAR DISEASE
HUS- HEMOLYTIC UREMIC SYNDROME
HVA- HOMOVANILLIC ACID
HVLT- HIGH-VELOCITY LEAD THERAPY (FACETIOUS TERM FOR GUNSHOT WOUND)
HX- HISTORY
HX- HISTORY (OF)
I OR ILE – ISOLEUCINE
I OR ILE- ISOLEUCINE
I&D- INCISION AND DRAINAGE (HOW TO TREAT AN ABSCESS)
I&O- INPUTS AND OUTPUTS
IA- INTRA-ARTERIAL
IAA- INSULIN AUTOANTIBODY
IABP- INTRA-AORTIC BALLOON PUMP
IAI- INTRA-AMNIOTIC INFECTION
IBC- INFLAMMATORY BREAST CANCER
IBD- INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE
IBS- IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME
ICCU- INTENSIVE CARDIAC CARE UNIT
ICD- IMPLANTABLE CARDIOVERTER-DEFIBRILLATOR
ICD-10- INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES- 10TH REVISION
ICDS- INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES PROGRAM
ICF- INTRACELLULAR FLUID
ICG- IMPEDANCE CARDIOGRAPHY
ICH- INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE
ICM- ISCHEMIC CARDIOMYOPATHY
ICP- INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE
ICS- INTERCOSTAL SPACE/INHALED CORTICOSTEROIDS/INTERNAL CAROTID STENOSIS
ICSI- INTRACYTOPLASMIC SPERM INJECTION
ICU- INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
ID- INFECTIOUS DISEASE/IDENTIFYING DATA
IDA- IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA
IDC- IDIOPATHIC DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY
IDDM- INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES MELLITUS (NOW CALLED DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 1)
IDL- INTERMEDIATE-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN
IDP- INFECTIOUS DISEASE PRECAUTIONS
IE- INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS
IF- IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE
IFG- IMPAIRED FASTING GLYCAEMIA
IG- IMMUNOGLOBULIN
IGA- IMMUNOGLOBULIN A
IGAV- IGA VASCULITIS (FORMERLY KNOWN AS HENOCH-SCHÖNLEIN PURPURA)
IGD- IMMUNOGLOBULIN D
IGE- IMMUNOGLOBULIN E
IGF- INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR
IGG- IMMUNOGLOBULIN G
IGG4-RD- IGG4-RELATED DISEASE
IGG4-RKD- IGG4-RELATED KIDNEY DISEASE
IGG4-ROD- IGG4-RELATED OPHTHALMIC DISEASE
IGG4-TIN- IGG4-RELATED TUBULOINTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS
IGM- IMMUNOGLOBULIN M
IGT- IMPAIRED GLUCOSE TOLERANCE
IHC- IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY
IHD- ISCHAEMIC HEART DISEASE
IHPS- INFANTILE HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS
IHSS- IDEOPATHIC HYPERTROPHIC SUBAORTIC STENOSIS (HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY)
IIEF- INTERNATIONAL INDEX OF ERECTILE FUNCTION
ILD- INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASE
IM- INTRAMUSCULAR
IMA- INFERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY
IMB- INTERMENSTRUAL BLEED (BLEEDING BETWEEN PERIODS)
IMI- INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION
IMM- INTRAMYOMETRIAL
IMN- INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS
IMRT- INTENSITY-MODULATED RADIOTHERAPY
IMT- INFLAMMATORY MYOFIBROBLASTIC TUMOR
IMV- INTERMITTENT MANDATORY VENTILATION (SEE MECHANICAL VENTILATION)
INC- INCOMPLETE/INF(-Α/-Β/-Γ)- INTERFERONS-Α/-Β/-Γ
INH- INHALED
INJ- INJECTION
INR- INTERNATIONAL NORMALIZED RATIO
INT- INTERMITTENT NEEDLE THERAPY
INT- INTERNAL
IO- INTRAOSSEOUS INFUSION
IODM- INFANT OF DIABETIC MOTHER
IOL- INDUCTION OF LABOR
IOP- INTRA-ORIFICE PRESSURE
IP- INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT
IPF- IDIOPATHIC PULMONARY FIBROSIS
IPG- IMPLANTABLE PULSE GENERATOR
IPMN- INTRADUCTAL PAPILLARY MUCINOUS NEOPLASM
IPPB- INTERMITTENT POSITIVE PRESSURE BREATHING (SEE MECHANICAL VENTILATION)
IPPV- INTERMITTENT POSITIVE PRESSURE VENTILATION (SEE MECHANICAL VENTILATION)
IPS- INTRAPERITONEAL SOUNDS
IQ- INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT
IR- INSULIN RESISTANCE
IRDS- INFANT RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME
IRIDA- INHERITED IRON-REFRACTORY IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA
IRIS- IMMUNE RECONSTITUTION INFLAMMATORY SYNDROME
IS- INCENTIVE SPIROMETRY
ISA- INTRINSIC SYMPATHOMIMETIC ACTIVITY
ISDN- ISOSORBIDE DINITRATE
ISH- ISOLATED SYSTOLIC HYPERTENSION
ISMN- ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE
ISQ- NO CHANGE (FROM LATIN- IN STATUS QUO)
IT- IMMATURE TERATOMA/INTRATHECAL
ITP- IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA
ITU- INTENSIVE TREATMENT UNIT (OR INTENSIVE THERAPY UNIT)
IU- INTERNATIONAL UNITS
IUCD- INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICE
IUD- INTRAUTERINE DEATH
IUFD- INTRAUTERINE FOETAL DEMISE
IUGR- INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RESTRICTION
IUI- INTRAUTERINE INSEMINATION
IUP- INTRAUTERINE PREGNANCY
IUPC- INTRAUTERINE PRESSURE CATHETER
IUS- INTRAUTERINE SYSTEM
IUT- INTRAUTERINE TRANSFUSION
IV- INTRAVENOUS
IVC- INFERIOR VENA CAVA
IVD- INTERVERTEBRAL DISC
IV-DSA- INTRAVENOUS DIGITAL SUBTRACTION ANGIOGRAPHY
IVDU- INTRAVENOUS DRUG USER
IVF- IN VITRO FERTILIZATION/INTRAVENOUS FLUIDS
IVH- INTERVENTRICULAR HEMORRHAGE
IVIG- INTRAVENOUS IMMUNOGLOBULIN
IVP- INTRAVENOUS PYELOGRAM
IVPB- INTRAVENOUS PIGGYBACK (IV SHORT-TERM INFUSION)
IVPG- INTRAVENOUS PYOGENIC GRANULOMA
IVU- INTRAVENOUS UROGRAM
IVUS- INTRAVASCULAR ULTRASOUND
IX- INVESTIGATION(S)
JCV- JC VIRUS (NAMED AFTER THE INITIALS OF AN ANONYMOUS PATIENT)
JEV- JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS
JIA- JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS
JMS- JUNIOR MEDICAL STUDENT- AKA MS-3
JODM- JUVENILE-ONSET DIABETES MELLITUS
JP- JACKSON-PRATT {DRAIN}
JRA- JUVENILE RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (NOW CALLED JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS)
JVD- JUGULAR VENOUS DISTENSION
JVP- JUGULAR VENOUS PRESSURE
K OR LYS – LYSINE
K OR LYS- LYSINE
K- POTASSIUM (FROM LATIN KALIUM)
KA- KETOACIDOSIS
KCAL- KILOCALORIE/CALORIE
KCCT- KAOLIN CEPHALIN CLOTTING TIME (SEE PARTIAL THROMBOPLASTIN TIME)
KELS- KOHLMAN EVALUATION OF LIVING SKILLS
KG- KILOGRAM
KIV- KEEP IN VIEW
KLS- KIDNEY/ LIVER/ SPLEEN
KM- MICHAELIS CONSTANT
KOH- POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE
KS- KAPOSI'S SARCOMA/KARTAGENER SYNDROME
KSHV- KAPOSI'S SARCOMA-ASSOCIATED HERPESVIRUS
KUB- KIDNEYS/URETERS AND BLADDER (X-RAY)
KVO- KEEP VEIN OPEN (WITH SLOW INFUSION)
L- LEUKOCYTES/LUMBAR VERTEBRAE (L1 TO L5)
L OR LEU – LEUCINE
L OR LEU- LEUCINE
L&D- LABOR AND DELIVERY
L/S- LECITHIN-TO-SPHINGOMYELIN RATIO
LA- LEFT ATRIUM/LYMPHADENOPATHY/LOCAL ANESTHETIC
LAAM- L-ALPHA-ACETYLMETHADOL
LAB- LABORATORY (IN HEALTH CARE- USUALLY REFERRING TO CLINICAL LABORATORY)
LABA- LONG-ACTING BETA AGONIST
LABBB- LEFT ANTERIOR BUNDLE BRANCH BLOCK
LAC- LACERATION/LACTATE
LAD- LEFT ANTERIOR DESCENDING (A CORONARY ARTERY)/LEUKOCYTE ADHESION DEFICIENCY/LEFT AXIS DEVIATION
LAE- LEFT ATRIAL ENLARGEMENT
LAH- LEFT ANTERIOR HEMIBLOCK
LAHB- LEFT ANTERIOR HEMIBLOCK
LAM- LAMINECTOMY
LAP- LAPAROTOMY
LAP- LEUKOCYTE ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE
LAR- LOW ANTERIOR RESECTION
LARP- LEFT → ANTERIOR- RIGHT → POSTERIOR (PATH OF THE VAGI AS THEY WANDER FROM THORAX TO ABDOMEN)
LAS- LYMPHADENOPATHY SYNDROME
LAT- LATERAL
LB- POUND OR POUNDS (MASS)
LBBB- LEFT BUNDLE BRANCH BLOCK
LBO- LARGE BOWEL OBSTRUCTION
LBP- LOW BACK PAIN
LBW- LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
LCA- LEFT CORONARY ARTERY
LCHAD- LONG-CHAIN 3-HYDROXYACYL-COENZYME A DEHYDROGENASE
LCIS- LOBULAR CARCINOMA IN SITU
LCM- LYMPHOCYTIC MENINGITIS
LCMV- LYMPHOCYTIC CHORIOMENINGITIS VIRUS
LCP- LIVERPOOL CARE PATHWAY FOR THE DYING PATIENT
LCPD- LEGG–CALVÉ–PERTHES DISEASE
LCV- LEUKOCYTOCLASTIC VASCULITIS
LCX- LEFT CIRCUMFLEX ARTERY
LDH- LACTATE DEHYDROGENASE
LDL- LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN
LDL-C- LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL
L-DOPA- LEVO-DIHYDROXYPHENYLALANINE
LE- LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
LEC- LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS CELL
LEEP- LOOP ELECTRICAL EXCISION PROCEDURE
LES- LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER
LEU- LEUKOCYTES
LFT- LIVER FUNCTION TEST
LGA- LARGE FOR GESTATIONAL AGE
LGL- LOWN–GANONG–LEVINE SYNDROME
LGM- LYMPHOGRANULOMATOSIS MALIGNA
LGSIL- LOW-GRADE SQUAMOUS INTRAEPITHELIAL LESION
LGV- LYMPHOGRANULOMA VENEREUM
LH- LUTEINIZING HORMONE/LIGHTHEADEDNESS
LHC- LEFT HEART CATHETERIZATION
LHRH- LUTEINIZING HORMONE–RELEASING HORMONE
LIG- LIGAMENT
LIH- LEFT INGUINAL HERNIA
LLD- LEG LENGTH DISCREPANCY
LLE- LEFT LOWER EXTREMITY
LLETZ- LARGE LOOP EXCISION OF THE TRANSFORMATION ZONE
LLL- LEFT LOWER LOBE
LLQ- LEFT LOWER QUADRANT
LM- LEFT MAIN/LMA- LEFT MENTOANTERIOR (FETAL POSITION)/LARYNGEAL MASK AIRWAY
LMCA- LEFT MAIN CORONARY ARTERY
LMD- LOCAL MEDICAL DOCTOR
LMP- LAST MENSTRUAL PERIOD—FIRST DAY OF THE MENSTRUAL PERIOD/LOW MALIGNANT POTENTIAL
LMWH- LOW-MOLECULAR-WEIGHT HEPARIN
LN- LYMPH NODE
LND- LYMPH NODE DISSECTION
LNG- LEVONORGESTREL
LNI- LYMPH NODE INVOLVEMENT
LOA- LEFT OCCIPITOANTERIOR (FETAL POSITION)/LYSIS OF ADHESIONS
LOC- LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
LOF- LEAKAGE OF FLUID
LOH- LOSS OF HETEROZYGOSITY
LOI- LOSS OF IMPRINTING
LOL- LITTLE OLD LADY (OFTEN LOL IN NAD—SEE HOUSE OF GOD)
LOM- LIMITATION OF MOTION
LOP- LEFT OCCIPUT POSTERIOR (FETAL POSITION)
LORTA- LOSS OF RESISTANCE TO AIR
LOS- LENGTH OF STAY
LOT- LEFT OCCIPUT TRANSVERSE (FETAL POSITION)
LOT- LOTION
LP- LIPOPROTEIN
LP- LUMBAR PUNCTURE
LPH- LEFT POSTERIOR HEMIBLOCK (SEE HEART BLOCK)
LPL- LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE
LPP- LICHEN PLANOPILARIS
LQTS- LONG QT SYNDROME
LR- LACTATED RINGER'S SOLUTION
LRINEC- LABORATORY RISK INDICATOR FOR NECROTIZING SOFT TISSUE INFECTIONS SCORE
LRTI- LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION
LS- LICHEN SCLEROSUS/LYNCH SYNDROME
LSA- LICHEN SCLEROSIS ET ATROPHICUS
LSB- LEFT STERNAL BORDER
LSCTA- LUNG SOUNDS CLEAR TO AUSCULTATION
LSIL- LOW-GRADE SQUAMOUS INTRAEPITHELIAL LESION
LST- LATERALLY SPREADING TUMOR
LT- HEAT-LABILE ENTEROTOXIN
LTAC- LONG-TERM ACUTE CARE
LTCS- LOW TRANSVERSE CESAREAN SECTION
LUL- LEFT UPPER LOBE (OF LUNG)
LUQ- LEFT UPPER QUADRANT (OF ABDOMEN)
LUS- LOWER UTERINE SEGMENT
LUTS- LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS
LV- LEFT VENTRICLE
LVAD- LEFT VENTRICULAR ASSIST DEVICE
LVEDP- LEFT VENTRICULAR END DIASTOLIC PRESSURE
LVEF- LEFT VENTRICULAR EJECTION FRACTION
LVF- LEFT VENTRICULAR FAILURE
LVH- LEFT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY
LVOT- LEFT VENTRICULAR OUTFLOW TRACT
LVP- LARGE VOLUME PARACENTESIS
LWBS- LEFT WITHOUT BEING SEEN
LX OF CH- LAXATIVE OF CHOICE
LY- LYMPHOCYTES
LYTES- ELECTROLYTES
M- MURMUR (HEART MURMUR)
M OR MET – METHIONINE
M OR MET- METHIONINE
M&M- MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY
M/E- MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION
MAC- MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX
MACE- MAJOR ADVERSE CARDIOVASCULAR EVENTS
MAE- MOVES ALL EXTREMITIES
MAHA- MICROANGIOPATHIC HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA
MAL- MIDAXILLARY LINE
MALT- MUCOSA-ASSOCIATED LYMPHOID TISSUE
MANOS- MINILAPAROSCOPY ASSISTED NATURAL ORIFICE SURGERY
MAOI- MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITOR
MAP- MEAN ARTERIAL PRESSURE
MAR- MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION RECORD
MARSA- METHICILLIN- AND AMINOGLYCOSIDE-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
MAS- MORGAGNI–ADAMS–STOKES SYNDROME
MAST- MICHIGAN ALCOHOL SCREENING TEST
MAT- MULTIFOCAL ATRIAL TACHYCARDIA
MBSS- MODIFIED BARIUM SWALLOW STUDY
MC- METACARPAL BONE
MC&S- MICROSCOPY- CULTURE- AND SENSITIVITY
MCA- MUCINOUS CYSTADENOMA
MCAT- MEDICAL COLLEGE ADMISSION TEST
MCD- MINIMAL CHANGE DISEASE
MCH- MEAN CELL HEMOGLOBIN
MCHC- MEAN CORPUSCULAR HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION
MCP- METACARPOPHALANGEAL JOINT
MCTD- MIXED CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE
MCV- MEAN CORPUSCULAR VOLUME
MDCT- MULTIDETECTOR ROW COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY
MDD- MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
MDE- MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE
MDI- METERED DOSE INHALER
MDS- MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME
ME- UK: MYALGIC ENCEPHALOPATHY ( = CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME OR “CFS”)
MEC- MODERATE EMETIC CHEMOTHERAPY
MEDLINE- MEDICAL LITERATURE ANALYSIS AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEM ONLINE
MEN- MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA
MESH- MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (US NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE)
MET- METABOLIC EQUIVALENT
MET- METASTASIS (PRONOUNCED LIKE THE WORD MET; PLURAL METS)
MFM- MATERNAL AND FETAL MEDICINE
MG- MAGNESIUM
MG- MYASTHENIA GRAVIS
MGN- MEMBRANOUS GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
MGSO4- MAGNESIUM SULFATE
MGUS- MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE
MHA-TP- MICROHEMAGGLUTINATION ASSAY FOR T PALLIDUM
MHW- MENTAL HEALTH WORKER
MI- MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
MIC- MINIMUM INHIBITORY CONCENTRATION
MICA- MENTAL ILLNESS AND CHEMICAL ABUSE
MICU- MOBILE INTENSIVE CARE UNIT / MEDICAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
MIF- MÜLLERIAN INHIBITORY FACTOR
MIS- MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY
MLC- MIXED LYMPHOCYTE CULTURE
MLE- MIDLINE EPISIOTOMY
MM- MYELOID METAPLASIA
MMFR- MIDMAXIMAL FLOW RATE
MMI- MAXIMUM MEDICAL IMPROVEMENT
MMK- MARSHALL–MARCHETTI–KRANZ PROCEDURE
MMPI- MINNESOTA MULTIPHASIC PERSONALITY INVENTORY
MMR- MEASLES- MUMPS- AND RUBELLA COMBINED VACCINATION
MMR-D- MISMATCH REPAIR DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
MMSE- MINI-MENTAL STATE EXAMINATION
MMT- MALIGNANT MESENCHYMAL TUMOR/MIXED MULLERIAN TUMOR
MN- MEMBRANOUS NEPHROPATHY
MND- MOTOR NEURONE DISEASE
MO- MONOCYTES
MOB- MOTHER OF BABY
MOD- MODERATE
MODY- MATURITY ONSET DIABETES OF THE YOUNG
MOM- MILK OF MAGNESIA
MOM- MULTIPLES OF THE MEDIAN
MONO-DI- MONOCHORIONIC-DIAMNIOTIC TWINS
MONO-MONO- MONOCHORIONIC-MONOAMNIOTIC TWINS
MPA- MEDROXYPROGESTERONE ACETATE
MPD- MAIN PANCREATIC DUCT
MPD(S)- MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISEASE(S)
MPGN- MEMBRANOPROLIFERATIVE GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
MPO- MYELOPEROXIDASE
MPT- MULTI-PROFESSIONAL TEAM
MPV- MEAN PLATELET VOLUME
MR- MEDICAL REPRESENTATIVE
MRA- MAGNETIC RESONANCE ANGIOGRAPHY
MRCP- MAGNETIC RESONANCE CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY
MRG- MURMURS- RUBS- AND GALLOPS (SEE HEART SOUNDS)
MRI- MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
MRSA- METHICILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
MS- MEDICAL STUDENT (MS-1- MS-2- MS-3- MS-4)
MS-AFP- MATERNAL SERUM ALPHA-FETOPROTEIN
MSDU- MEDICAL SURGICAL DAY UNIT
MSE- MENTAL STATUS EXAMINATION
MSH- MELANOCYTE-STIMULATING HORMONE
MSK- MEDULLARY SPONGE KIDNEY
MSM- MEN WHO HAVE SEX WITH MEN
MSO4- MORPHINE SULFATE
MSU- MIDSTREAM URINE SAMPLE
MSUD- MAPLE SYRUP URINE DISEASE
MT- METATARSAL BONE
MTBI- MILD TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
MTP- METATARSALPHALANGEAL
MTX- METHOTREXATE
MUSE- MEDICATED URETHRAL SYSTEM FOR ERECTIONS
MVA- MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT
MVC- MOTOR VEHICLE CRASH
MVI- MULTIVITAMIN
MVO2- MIXED VENOUS OXYGEN CONCENTRATION
MVP- MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSED
MVPS- MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE SYNDROME
MVR- MITRAL VALVE REPLACEMENT
MΦ- MACROPHAGE
N OR ASN – ASPARAGINES
N OR ASN- ASPARAGINES
N S- NOT SIGNIFICANT
N/T- NUMBNESS AND TINGLING
N/V- NAUSEA AND VOMITING
NA- NEGATIVE APPENDECTOMY
NA- SODIUM (FROM LATIN NATRIUM)
NAAT- NUCLEAR ACID AMPLIFICATION TEST
NABS- NORMOACTIVE BOWEL SOUNDS
NAC- N-ACETYL CYSTEINE
NAD- NO ABNORMALITY DETECTED
NAD+- NICOTINAMIDE ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
NAFLD- NON-ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE
NAS- NO ADDED SALT
NASH- NON-ALCOHOLIC STEATOHEPATITIS
NB- NEWBORN (INFANT)
NBIA- NEURODEGENERATION WITH BRAIN IRON ACCUMULATION
NBN- NEWBORN NURSERY
NBT- NITROBLUE TETRAZOLIUM
NBTE- NONBACTERIAL THROMBOTIC ENDOCARDITIS
NC- NERVE ACTION POTENTIAL
NCC- NONCOMPACTION CARDIOMYOPATHY
NCEP- NATIONAL CHOLESTEROL EDUCATION PROGRAM
NCS- NERVE CONDUCTION STUDY
NCT- NERVE CONDUCTION TEST- AKA NERVE CONDUCTION STUDY
NCV- NERVE CONDUCTION VELOCITY (SEE NERVE CONDUCTION STUDY)
ND- (EXAMINATION) NOT DONE
NDI- NEPHROGENIC DIABETES INSIPIDUS
NE- NEUTROPHIL GRANULOCYTES
NE- NOREPINEPHRINE
NEAP- NET ENDOGENOUS ACID PRODUCTION
NEC- NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED
NED- NO EVIDENCE OF DISEASE
NEG- NEGATIVE
NEO- NEOPLASM
NES- NOT ELSEWHERE SPECIFIED
NFR- NOT FOR RESUSCITATION
NG- NASOGASTRIC
NG TUBE- NASOGASTRIC TUBE
NGTD- NEGATIVE TO DATE / NO GROWTH TO DATE
NGU- NONGONOCOCCAL URETHRITIS
NH- NURSING HOME
NHL- NON-HODGKIN LYMPHOMA
NHW- NON-HEALING WOUND
NICMP- NON-ISCHEMIC CARDIOMYOPATHY
NICU- NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
NIDDM- NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES MELLITUS
NIF- NEGATIVE INSPIRATORY FORCE
NIH- NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH
NIPPV- NASAL INTERMITTENT POSITIVE PRESSURE VENTILATION
NK CELLS- NATURAL KILLER CELLS
NKA- NO KNOWN ALLERGIES
NKDA- NO KNOWN DRUG ALLERGIES
NL- NORMAL
NLP- NO LIGHT PERCEPTION (HIGHEST DEGREE OF BLINDNESS)
NM- NUCLEAR MEDICINE
NMR- NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE
NNH- NUMBER NEEDED TO HARM
NNT- NUMBER NEEDED TO TREAT
NO- NITRIC OXIDE
NO- NUMBER
NOF- NECK OF FEMUR FRACTURE (REFERS TO HIP FRACTURE)
NOMI- NONOCCLUSIVE MESENTERIC ISCHEMIA
NON REP- DO NOT REPEAT
NOS- NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE
NP- NURSE PRACTITIONER
NPA- NASAL PHARYNGEAL ASPIRATE
NPH- NORMAL PRESSURE HYDROCEPHALUS
NPL- NEOPLASM
NPO- NIL PER OS (NOTHING BY MOUTH)
NPPV- NONINVASIVE POSITIVE PRESSURE VENTILATION
NPT- NEUROPSYCHIATRIC TESTING
NPTAC- NO PREVIOUS TRACING AVAILABLE FOR COMPARISON
NPV- NEGATIVE PREDICTIVE VALUE
NRB- NON-REBREATHER MASK
NRBC- NUCLEATED RED BLOOD CELLS
NREM- NON–RAPID EYE MOVEMENT
NS- NORMAL SALINE
NSA- NO SIGNIFICANT ABNORMALITY
NSAID- NONSTEROIDAL ANTIINFLAMMATORY DRUG
NSBB- NON-SELECTIVE BETA BLOCKER
NSCC- NON-SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA
NSCLC- NON–SMALL CELL LUNG CARCINOMA
NSD- NORMAL SPONTANEOUS DELIVERY (SEE CHILDBIRTH)
NSE- NEUROSPECIFIC ENOLASE
NSR- NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM
NST- NON-STRESS TEST (SEE CARDIOTOCOGRAPH)
NSTEMI- NON-ST-ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
NSU- NONSPECIFIC URETHRITIS
NSVD- NORMAL SPONTANEOUS VAGINAL DELIVERY
NT- NOT TESTED
NTD- NEURAL TUBE DEFECT
NTG- NITROGLYCERIN
NTP- NORTRIPTYLINE
NTT- NASOTRACHEAL TUBE (SEE INTUBATION)
NTX- N-TELOPEPTIDE
NU- IN EACH NOSTRIL
NVD- NORMAL VAGINAL DELIVERY (SEE CHILDBIRTH)
NVDC- NAUSEA- VOMITING- DIARRHEA- AND CONSTIPATION
NWB- NON-WEIGHT-BEARING
NYD- NOT YET DIAGNOSED
NYHA- NEW YORK HEART ASSOCIATION
NΦ- NEUTROPHIL
O- NOTHING
O OR PYL – PYRROLYSINE
O OR PYL- PYRROLYSINE
O&P- OVA AND PARASITES
O/E- ON EXAMINATION
O/N- OVERNIGHT
O2- OXYGEN
OA- OSTEOARTHRITIS
OAB- OVERACTIVE BLADDER
OAF- OSTEOCLAST ACTIVATING FACTOR
OB- OCCULT BLOOD
OB-GYNE- OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY
OBL- OBLIQUE
OBS- ORGANIC BRAIN SYNDROME
OCC- OCCASIONAL
OCD- OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER
OCG- ORAL CHOLECYSTOGRAM
OCNA- ORTHOPEDIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA
OCP- ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE PILL
OCT- OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY
OD- EVERY DAY- USUALLY REGARDED AS ONCE DAILY
OD- RIGHT EYE (FROM LATIN OCULUS DEXTER)
ODC- ORNITHINE DECARBOXYLASE
OE- OTITIS EXTERNA
OGTT- ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST
OHL- ORAL HAIRY LEUKOPLAKIA
OHS- OBESITY HYPOVENTILATION SYNDROME
OINT- OINTMENT
OM- EVERY MORNING (FROM LATIN OMNI MANE)
OM- OTITIS MEDIA
OME- OTITIS MEDIA WITH EFFUSION (FLUID IN THE INNER EAR WITHOUT OTHER SYMPTOMS)
ON- EVERY NIGHT (FROM LATIN OMNI NOCTE) GENERALLY WRITTEN IN LOWERCASE
OOB- OUT OF BED
OP- OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT
OPD- OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT
OPPT- ORIENTED TO PERSON- PLACE- AND TIME
OPV- OUTPATIENT VISIT
OR- OPERATING ROOM (AKA OPERATING THEATRE)
ORIF- OPEN REDUCTION INTERNAL FIXATION
ORSA- OXACILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
ORT- ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY
OS- LEFT EYE (FROM LATIN OCULUS SINISTER)
OSA- OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA
OSH- OUTSIDE HOSPITAL
OSM- OSMOLARITY
OSTEO- OSTEOMYELITIS
OT- OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY
OTC- OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUG
OTD- OUT THE DOOR (DISCHARGED)
OTPP- ORIENTED TO TIME- PLACE- AND PERSON
OTTR- ORGAN TRANSPLANT TRACKING RECORD
OU- BOTH EYES (FROM LATIN OCULI UTERQUE)
OV- OFFICE VISIT (SEE AMBULATORY CARE)
OZ- OUNCE
P- AFTER (FROM LATIN POST)
P C- AFTER FOOD (FROM LATIN POST CIBUM)
P OR PRO – PROLINE
P OR PRO- PROLINE
P- PARTURITION (TOTAL NUMBER OF LIVE BIRTHS)
P R- PER RECTUM (AS NOUN: RECTAL EXAMINATION)
P V- PER VAGINA
P&A- PERCUSSION AND AUSCULTATION
PA- POSTERIOR–ANTERIOR- POSTEROANTERIOR
PAC- PREMATURE ATRIAL CONTRACTION
PACU- POST-ANESTHESIA CARE UNIT
PAD- PERIPHERAL ARTERY DISEASE (AKA PERIPHERAL ARTERY OCCLUSIVE DISEASE)
PAF- PLATELET ACTIVATING FACTOR
PAH- PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION
PAI-1- PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR INHIBITOR 1
PAL- POSTERIOR AXILLARY LINE
PALS- PEDIATRIC ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT (TRAINING PROGRAM)
PAN- POLYARTERITIS NODOSA
PAO- PEAK ACID OUTPUT
PAOD- PERIPHERAL ARTERY OCCLUSIVE DISEASE
PAP- PAPANICOLAOU STAIN
PAP- PAPANICOLAOU TEST (PAP SMEAR)
PAPP-A- PREGNANCY-ASSOCIATED PLASMA PROTEIN A
PARA I- INDICATING A WOMAN WITH ONE CHILD (PARTUS = BIRTH)
PARA II- INDICATING A WOMAN WITH TWO CHILDREN (PARTUS = BIRTH)
PAT- PAROXYSMAL ATRIAL TACHYCARDIA
PBC- PRIMARY BILIARY CIRRHOSIS
PBF- PERIPHERAL BLOOD FILM
PBSO- PARTIAL SMALL BOWEL OBSTRUCTION
PBX- PROBIOTICS
PCA- PATIENT-CONTROLLED ANALGESIA
PCA- PROSTATE CANCER
PCD- POSTCONCUSSIONAL DISORDER
PCI- PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION
PCIOL- POSTERIOR CHAMBER INTRAOCULAR LENS
PCL- POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT
PCN- PENICILLIN
PCNSL- PRIMARY CNS (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM) LYMPHOMA
PCO- POLYCYSTIC OVARY (SEE POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME)
PCOS- POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME
PCP- PNEUMOCYSTIS CARINII PNEUMONIA (NOW CALLED PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA)
PCR- PATIENT CARE REPORT
PCS- POST-CONCUSSION SYNDROME
PCT- PROGESTERONE CHALLENGE TEST
PCV- PACKED CELL VOLUME (SEE HEMATOCRIT)
PCWP- PULMONARY CAPILLARY WEDGE PRESSURE
PD- PARKINSON'S DISEASE
PDA- PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS
PDD- PREMENSTRUAL DYSPHORIC DISORDER
PDE- PHOSPHODIESTERASE
PDGF- PLATELET-DERIVED GROWTH FACTOR
PDR- PHYSICIANS' DESK REFERENCE [(PROFILARATIVE DIABETIC RETINOPATHY)]
PDT- PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY
PDVT- POSTOPERATIVE DEEP-VEIN THROMBOSIS
PE- PULMONARY EMBOLISM
PEA- PULSELESS ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY
PEARL- PUPILS EQUAL AND REACTIVE TO LIGHT
PEB- CISPLATIN- ETOPOSIDE- AND BLEOMYCIN (CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMEN)
PEEP- POSITIVE END EXPIRATORY PRESSURE
PEF- PEAK EXPIRATORY FLOW
PEFR- PEAK EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE
PEG- PERCUTANEOUS ENDOSCOPIC GASTROSTOMY
PEM- PROTEIN/ENERGY MALNUTRITION (AKA KWASHIORKOR)
PEN- PENICILLIN (BEST PRACTICE IS TO AVOID DRUG NAME ABBREVIATIONS)
PEP- POSTEXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS
PERLA- PUPILS EQUAL AND REACTIVE TO LIGHT AND ACCOMMODATION
PERRL- PUPILS EQUAL- ROUND- REACTIVE TO LIGHT
PERRLA- PUPILS EQUAL- ROUND- REACTIVE TO LIGHT AND ACCOMMODATION
PET- POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY (CEREBRAL METABOLIC SCAN)
PFO- PATENT FORAMEN OVALE
PFT- PULMONARY FUNCTION TEST (SEE SPIROMETRY)
PGCS- PAEDIATRIC GLASGOW COMA SCALE
PH- PULMONARY HYPERTENSION
PHN- POSTHERPETIC NEURALGIA
PHP- PARTIAL HOSPITALIZATION PROGRAM
PHQ- PATIENT HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE
PHTLS- PREHOSPITAL TRAUMA LIFE SUPPORT
PHX- PAST HISTORY (SEE ALSO MEDICAL HISTORY)
PI- PRESENT ILLNESS
PICC- PERIPHERALLY INSERTED CENTRAL CATHETER
PID- PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE
PIG-A- PHOSPHATIDYL INOSITOL GLYCAN A
PIH- PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION
PIP- PROXIMAL INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT
PJS- PEUTZ-JEGHERS SYNDROME
PK- PROTEIN KINASE
PKA- PROTEIN KINASE A
PKD- POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASE
PKP- PENETRATING KERATOPLASTY
PKU- PHENYLKETONURIA (PKU CARD—SEE GUTHRIE TEST)
PLAT- TISSUE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR
PLIF- POSTERIOR LUMBAR INTERBODY FUSION (A TYPE OF SPINAL FUSION)
PLT- PLATELETS
PM- POST MERIDIEM (IN THE AFTERNOON)
PM&R- PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION
PMB- POST-MENOPAUSAL BLEEDING (BLEEDING AFTER MENOPAUSE)
PMD- PRIMARY MEDICAL DOCTOR
PMDD- PREMENSTRUAL DYSPHORIC DISORDER
PMH- PAST MEDICAL HISTORY (SEE ALSO MEDICAL HISTORY)
PMI- POINT OF MAXIMAL IMPULSE OR APICAL BEAT
PML- POLYOMA VIRUS
PMN- POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES- THAT IS- NEUTROPHILS
PMP- PSEUDOMYXOMA PERITONEI
PMR- PERCUTANEOUS MYOCARDIAL REVASCULARIZATION
PMS- PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME
PNA- PNEUMONIA
PNA- POSTNATAL AGE
PND- PAROXYSMAL NOCTURNAL DYSPNEA
PNET- PRIMITIVE NEUROECTODERMAL TUMOR
PNH- PAROXYSMAL NOCTURNAL HEMOGLOBINURIA
PNM- PERINATAL MORTALITY
PNV- PRENATAL VITAMIN
PO- BY MOUTH- THAT IS- ORALLY (FROM LATIN PER OS)
POA- (HEALTH CARE) POWER OF ATTORNEY
POC- POSTOPERATIVE CARE
POD- POSTOPERATIVE DAYS
POLY- POLYMORPHONUCLEAR CELLS- THAT IS- NEUTROPHILS
PONV- POSTOPERATIVE NAUSEA AND VOMITING
POP- PAIN ON PALPATION- PLASTER OF PARIS
POSM- PLASMA OSMOLALITY
POST- POSTERIOR (SEE ANATOMICAL TERMS OF LOCATION)
POT- PLAN OF TREATMENT
POX- PEROXIDASE
PP- PULSE PRESSURE
PPCS- PROLONGED POST-CONCUSSION SYNDROME
PPD- PACKS PER DAY (CIGARETTES)
PPF- POSTERIOR PHARYNGEAL FLAP
PPH- POSTPARTUM HAEMORRHAGE
PPI- PROTON PUMP INHIBITOR
PPROM- PRETERM PREMATURE RUPTURE OF MEMBRANES
PPS- POST-POLIO SYNDROME
PPT- PRECIPITATE
PPTCT- PREVENTION OF PARENT-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION [OF HIV] (GOVERNMENT OF INDIA INITIATIVE)
PPTL- POSTPARTUM TUBAL LIGATION
PPTP- PEDIATRIC PRECLINICAL TESTING PROGRAM
PPV- POSITIVE PREDICTIVE VALUE
PPX- PROPHYLAXIS
PR- PROTHROMBIN RATIO
PRA- PLASMA RENIN ACTIVITY
PRBCS- PACKED RED BLOOD CELLS
PREA- PEDIATRIC RESEARCH EQUITY ACT
PREP- PREPARATION
PRES- POSTERIOR REVERSIBLE ENCEPHALOPATHY SYNDROME
PRIND- PROLONGED REVERSIBLE ISCHEMIC NEUROLOGIC DEFICIT
PRL- PROLACTIN
PRN- AS NECESSARY (FROM LATIN PRO RE NATA)
PROG- PROGNOSIS
PROM- PREMATURE RUPTURE OF MEMBRANES
PRP- PANRETINAL PHOTOCOAGULATION
PRV- POLYCYTHEMIA RUBRA VERA (SEE POLYCYTHEMIA VERA)
PSA- PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN
PSC- PRIMARY SCLEROSING CHOLANGITIS
PSGN- POSTSTREPTOCOCCAL GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
PSH- PAST SURGICAL HISTORY
PSI- PNEUMONIA SEVERITY INDEX
PSP- PHENYLSULPHTALEIN
PSS- PROGRESSIVE SYSTEMIC SCLEROSIS (SEE SCLERODERMA)
PSVT- PAROXYSMAL SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA
PT- PATIENT (FROM LATIN PATIENS- MEANING “ONE WHO ENDURES” OR “ONE WHO SUFFERS”)
PT- PROTHROMBIN TIME
PTA- PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL ANGIOPLASTY
PTB- PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS
PTC- PERCUTANEOUS TRANSHEPATIC CHOLANGIOGRAPHY
PTCA- PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL CORONARY ANGIOPLASTY
PTD- PRIOR TO DISCHARGE
PTH- PARATHYROID HORMONE
PTHC- PERCUTANEOUS TRANSHEPATIC CHOLANGIOGRAPHY
PTL- PRETERM LABOR
PTSD- POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
PTSS- POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS SYNDROME (SEE POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER)
PTT- PARTIAL THROMBOPLASTIN TIME
PTU- PROPYLTHIOURACIL
PTX- PNEUMOTHORAX
PUBS- PERCUTANEOUS UMBILICAL BLOOD SAMPLE
PUD- PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE
PUO- PYREXIA OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN
PUS- PALINDROMIC UNITS
PVC (VPC)- PREMATURE VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION
PVD- PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE
PVFS- POST-VIRAL FATIGUE SYNDROME
PVI- PERIPHERAL VASCULAR INSUFFICIENCY
PVR- PULMONARY VASCULAR RESISTANCE
PVS- PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE
PWP- PULMONARY WEDGE PRESSURE
PX- PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
PX- PROGNOSIS
P-Y- PACK-YEARS
PZA- PYRAZINAMIDE
Q A D- EVERY OTHER DAY (FROM LATIN QUAQUE ALTERA DIE)
Q AM- EVERY DAY BEFORE NOON (FROM LATIN QUAQUE DIE ANTE MERIDIEM)
Q D- EACH DAY (FROM LATIN QUAQUE DIE)
Q D S- FOUR TIMES EACH DAY (FROM LATIN QUATER DIE SUMENDUS)
Q- EACH- EVERY (FROM LATIN QUAQUE)
Q H- EACH HOUR (FROM LATIN QUAQUE HORA)
Q H S- EVERY BEDTIME (FROM LATIN QUAQUE HORA SOMNI)
Q I D- FOUR TIMES EACH DAY (FROM LATIN QUATER IN DIE)
Q L- AS MUCH AS YOU LIKE (FROM LATIN QUANTUM LIBET)
Q M T- EVERY MONTH
Q N- EVERY NIGHT
Q N S- QUANTITY NOT SUFFICIENT
Q O D- EVERY OTHER DAY (FROM LATIN QUAQUE ALTERA DIE)
Q O H- EVERY OTHER HOUR
Q OR GLN – GLUTAMINE
Q OR GLN- GLUTAMINE
Q S- AS MUCH AS SUFFICES (FROM LATIN QUANTUM SATIS OR QUANTUM SUFFICIT)
Q V- WHICH SEE (FROM LATIN QUOD VIDE)
Q WK ALSO QW- WEEKLY (ONCE A WEEK)
Q2WK- ONCE EVERY 2 WEEKS
Q6H- ONCE EVERY 6 HOURS
QALY- QUALITY-ADJUSTED LIFE YEAR
QIDS- QUICK INVENTORY OF DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
QOF- QUALITY AND OUTCOMES FRAMEWORK
QT- QUART
R OR ARG – ARGININE
R OR ARG- ARGININE
R- RESPIRATION
R&M- ROUTINE + MICROSCOPIC (GENERAL ANALYSIS OF URINE)
R/G/M- RUBS/GALLOPS/MURMURS (SEE HEART SOUNDS)
R/O- RULE OUT
R/T- RELATED TO
RA- REFRACTORY ANEMIA
RAD- REFLEX ANAL DILATATION
RAE- RIGHT ATRIAL ENLARGEMENT
RAI- RADIOACTIVE IODINE
RAIU- THYROID REACTIVE IODINE UPTAKE
RAPD- RELATIVE AFFERENT PUPILLARY DEFECT
RAS- RENAL ARTERY STENOSIS
RATLH- ROBOTIC ASSISTED TOTAL LAPAROSCOPIC HYSTERECTOMY
RATVH- RADICAL TOTAL VAGINAL HYSTERECTOMY
RBBB- RIGHT BUNDLE BRANCH BLOCK
RBC- RED BLOOD CELLS- RED BLOOD COUNT
RBE- RELATIVE BIOLOGIC EQUIVALENT
RBLM- RECURRENT BENIGN LYMPHOCYTIC MENINGITIS
RCA- RIGHT CORONARY ARTERY
RCC- RENAL CELL CARCINOMA
RCM- RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY
RCR- ROTATOR CUFF REPAIR
RCT- RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
RD- RETINAL DETACHMENT
RDS- RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME (SEE ALSO INFANT RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME)
RDW- RED CELL DISTRIBUTION WIDTH
REI- REPRODUCTIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY AND INFERTILITY
REM- RAPID EYE MOVEMENT
RF- RHEUMATOID FACTOR
RFLP- RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM
RFT- RENAL FUNCTION TEST
RH- RHESUS FACTOR
RHABDO- RHABDOMYOLYSIS
RHD- RHEUMATOID HEART DISEASE
RHF- RHEUMATOID FACTOR
RIA- RADIOIMMUNOASSAY
RIBA- RADIOIMMUNOBLOTTING ASSAY
RICE- REST- ICE- COMPRESSION- AND ELEVATION (TREATMENT FOR A SOFT TISSUE INJURY)
RIF- RIFAMPIN
RIMA- REVERSIBLE INHIBITOR OF MONOAMINE OXIDASE A
RIND- REVERSIBLE ISCHEMIC NEUROLOGIC DEFICIT
RL- RINGER'S LACTATE (THAT IS- LACTATED RINGER'S SOLUTION)
RLE- RIGHT LOWER EXTREMITY
RLL- RIGHT LOWER LOBE (OF LUNG)
RLN- RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE
RLQ- RIGHT LOWER QUADRANT (OF ABDOMEN)
RML- RIGHT MIDDLE LOBE (OF LUNG)
RMS- RHABDOMYOSARCOMA
RMSF- ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER
RNA- RIBONUCLEIC ACID
RNP- RIBONUCLEOPROTEIN
RNV- RADIONUCLIDE VENTRICULOGRAPHY
RNY- ROUX-EN-Y ANASTOMOSIS
ROA- RIGHT OCCIPITAL ANTERIOR (SEE CHILDBIRTH)
ROM- RANGE OF MOTION
ROP- RIGHT OCCIPITAL POSTERIOR (SEE CHILDBIRTH)
ROS- REVIEW OF SYSTEMS
ROSC- RETURN OF SPONTANEOUS CIRCULATION
RPGN- RAPIDLY PROGRESSING GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
RPLND- RETROPERITONEAL LYMPH NODE DISSECTION
RPR- RAPID PLASMA REAGIN TEST
RR- RESPIRATORY RATE
RRP- RECURRENT RESPIRATORY PAPILLOMATOSIS
RRR- REGULAR RATE AND RHYTHM (SEE PULSE)
RS CELL- REED–STERNBERG CELL
RSB- RIGHT STERNAL BORDER
RSI- RAPID SEQUENCE INDUCTION
RSV- RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS
RT- RADIOTHERAPY
RTA- RENAL TUBULAR ACIDOSIS
RTC- RETURN TO CLINIC (APPOINTMENT FOR OUTPATIENT FOR NEXT MEDICAL EXAMINATION)
RT-PCR- REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION
RTS- REVISED TRAUMA SCORE
RTV- RITONAVIR
RUE- RIGHT UPPER EXTREMITY
RUL- RIGHT UPPER LOBE (OF LUNG)
RUQ- RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT (SEE ALSO REGIONS OF THE ABDOMEN)
RUTI- RECURRENT URINARY TRACT INFECTION
RV- RESIDUAL VOLUME
RVAD- RIGHT VENTRICULAR ASSIST DEVICE
RVF- RIGHT VENTRICULAR FAILURE
RVH- RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY
RVR- RAPID VENTRICULAR RATE (TACHYCARDIA)
RVSP- RIGHT VENTRICULAR SYSTOLIC PRESSURE
RVT- RENAL VEIN THROMBOSIS
RX OR ℞ OR RX- (R WITH CROSSED TAIL) MEDICAL PRESCRIPTION OR PRESCRIPTION DRUG
RXN- REACTION
℞- (R WITH CROSSED TAIL) PRESCRIPTION
S D- SUBDERMAL
S OR SER – SERINE
S OR SER- SERINE
S- SACRUM
S- WITHOUT (S WITH A BAR OVER IT) (FROM LATIN SINE)
S&O- SALPINGO-OOPHORECTOMY
S/P- STATUS POST
S/SX- SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
S1- FIRST HEART SOUND
S2- SECOND HEART SOUND
S3- THIRD HEART SOUND
S4- FOURTH HEART SOUND
SA- SINOATRIAL NODE
SAAG- SERUM–ASCITES ALBUMIN GRADIENT
SAB- STAPHYLOCOCCAL BACTEREMIA
SAD- SEASONAL AFFECTIVE DISORDER
SAH- SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE
SAM- SYSTOLIC ANTERIOR MOTION OF THE MITRAL VALVE
SAN- SINOATRIAL NODE
SAR- SEASONAL ALLERGIC RHINITIS
SARC- SARCOIDOSIS
SARS- SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME
SB- SMALL BOWEL (SEE SMALL INTESTINE)
SBE- SUBACUTE BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS
SBFT- SMALL BOWEL FOLLOW THROUGH
SBMA- SPINAL AND BULBAR MUSCULAR ATROPHY
SBO- SMALL BOWEL OBSTRUCTION
SBP- SYSTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE
SBRT- SPLIT BEAM RADIATION THERAPY
SC- SUBCUTANEOUS (FROM LATIN SUBCUTIS)
SCA- SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA
SCAT- SEX CORD TUMOR WITH ANNULAR TUBES
SCC- SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA
SCD- SEQUENTIAL COMPRESSION DEVICE
SCI- SPINAL CORD INJURY
SCID- SEVERE COMBINED IMMUNODEFICIENCY
SCIWORA- SPINAL CORD INJURY WITHOUT RADIOGRAPHIC ABNORMALITY
SCLC- SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER
SCT- SACROCOCCYGEAL TUMOR
SDH- SUBDURAL HEMATOMA
SDTI- SUSPECTED DEEP TISSUE INJURY
SE- STANDARD ERROR
SED- SEDIMENTATION (RATE) (SEE ERYTHROCYTE SEDIMENTATION RATE)
SEE- SYPHILIS ELIMINATION EFFORT
SEGS- SEGMENTED CELLS
SEM- STANDARD ERROR OF THE MEAN
SERM- SELECTIVE ESTROGEN RECEPTOR MODULATOR
SERT- SEROTONIN TRANSPORTER
SFA- SUPERFICIAL FEMORAL ARTERY
SG CATH- SWAN–GANZ CATHETER (SEE PULMONARY ARTERY CATHETER)
SG- SPECIFIC GRAVITY (IN URINANALYSIS)
SGA- SMALL FOR GESTATIONAL AGE
SGB- STELLATE GANGLION BLOCK
SGOT- SERUM GLUTAMIC OXALOACETIC TRANSAMINASE
SGPT- SERUĹ8M GLUTAMIC PYRUVIC TRANSAMINASE
SHBG- SEX HORMONE-BINDING GLOBULIN
SHOB- SHORTNESS OF BREATH (SEE DYSPNEA)
SHPT- SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM
SHX- SOCIAL Ò8 (PERSONAL HABITS- LIVING SITUATION- JOB)
SHX- SURGICAL HISTORY
SI- INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF UNITS
SI OP SIT- IF NEEDED (FROM LATIN SI OPUS SIT)
SIADH- SYNDROME OF INAPPROPRIATE ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE
SIBO- SMALL INTESTINAL BACTERIAL OVERGROWTH
SICU- SURGICAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
SID- SEMEL IN DIE MEANING ONCE DAILY USED ONLY IN VETERINARY MEDICINE
SIDS- SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME
SIL- SQUAMOUS INTRAEPITHELIAL LESION
SIMV- SYNCHRONIZED INTERMITTENT MECHANICAL VENTILATION
SIRS- SYSTEMIC INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE SYNDROME
SIT- STRESS INOCULATION TRAINING (SEE POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER)
SJS- STEVENS–JOHNSON SYNDROME
SK- STREPTOKINASE
SL- SUBLINGUAL
SLE- SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
SLEV- ST LOUIS VIRUS
SLL- SMALL LYMPHOCYTIC LYMPHOMA
SLNB- SENTINEL LYMPH NODE BIOPSY
SLP- SPEECH-LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIST
SLR- STRAIGHT LEG RAISE (SEE LASÈGUE'S SIGN)
SM- MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (FROM LATIN SCLEROSIS MULTIPLEX)
SMA- SEQUENTIAL MULTIPLE ANALYSIS
SMA-6- SIX-CHANNEL SERUM MULTIPLE ANALYSIS
SMA-7- SERUM METABOLIC ASSAY
SMN- STATEMENT OF MEDICAL NECESSITY
SMS- SENIOR MEDICAL STUDENT
SMT- SPINAL MANIPULATIVE THERAPY
SMV- SUPERIOR MESENTERIC VEIN
SN- STUDENT NURSE
SNB- SENTINEL NODE BIOPSY (DUCTAL CARCINOMA)
SNF- SKILLED NURSING FACILITY
SNP- SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE
SNRI- SEROTONIN–NOREPINEPHRINE REUPTAKE INHIBITOR
SNV- SIN NOMBRE VIRUS (THE MOST COMMON TYPE OF HANTAVIRUS)
SO- SALPINGO-OOPHORITIS
SOA- SWELLING OF ANKLES
SOAP- SUBJECTIVE- OBJECTIVE- ASSESSMENT- PLAN
SOB- SHORTNESS OF BREATH (SEE DYSPNEA)
SOBOE- SHORTNESS OF BREATH ON EXERTION
SOL- SOLUTION
SOL- SPACE-OCCUPYING LESION
SOOB- SEND OUT OF BED
SOS- IF NEEDED (FROM LATIN SI OPUS SIT)
SP FL- SPINAL FLUID (SEE CEREBROSPINAL FLUID)
SP GR- SPECIFIC GRAVITY
SPE- STREPTOCOCCAL PYROGENIC EXOTOXIN
SPEC- SPECIMEN
SPECT- SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
SPEP- SERUM PROTEIN ELECTROPHORESIS
SPET- SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY
SPS- SINGLE POINT (WALKING) STICK
SQ- SUBCUTANEOUS
SR- SLOW RELEASE (SEE ALSO TIME RELEASE TECHNOLOGY (MEDICINE))
SROM- SPONTANEOUS RUPTURE OF MEMBRANES
SRS- STEREOTACTIC RADIOTHERAPY
SRU- SHOCK RESUSCITATION UNIT
SS- HEMOGLOBIN SS (HBSS) (SEE IN SICKLE-CELL DISEASE = SS DISEASE)
SSC- SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS
SSE- STERILE SPECULUM EXAM
SSEP- SOMATOSENSORY EVOKED POTENTIAL
SSI- SLIDING SCALE INSULIN
SSKI- POTASSIUM IODIDE SOLUTION
SSPE- SUBACUTE SCLEROSING PANENCEPHALITIS
SSRI- SELECTIVE SEROTONIN REUPTAKE INHIBITOR
SSRNA- SINGLE-STRANDED RNA
SSS- SICK SINUS SYNDROME
SSSI- SKIN AND SKIN STRUCTURE INFECTION
SSSS- STAPHYLOCOCCAL SCALDED SKIN SYNDROME
ST- SORE THROAT
STAPH- STAPHYLOCOCCUS
STAT- IMMEDIATELY (FROM LATIN STATIM)
STD- SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE
STEC- SHIGA TOXIN–PRODUCING ESCHERICHIA COLI (ANOTHER NAME FOR ENTEROHEMORRHAGIC E COLI)
STEMI- ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
STH- SOMATOTROPIC HORMONE
STI- SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION
STN- SUBTHALAMIC NUCLEUS
STNR- SYMMETRICAL TONIC NECK REFLEX
STOP- SURGICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY (SOMETIMES SUCTION TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY)
STREPTO- STREPTOCOCCUS
STS- SEROLOGICAL TEST FOR SYPHILIS
SUBQ- SUBCUTANEOUS
SUI- STRESS URINARY INCONTINENCE
SUPP- SUPPOSITORY
SUV- STANDARDIZED UPTAKE VALUE
SV- SEMINAL VESICLE
SVC- SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
SVD- SPONTANEOUS VAGINAL DELIVERY
SVE- STERILE VAGINAL EXAMINATION
SVG- SAPHENOUS VEIN GRAFT
SVI- SYSTEMIC VIRAL INFECTION
SVN- SMALL VOLUME NEBULIZER
SVR- SYSTEMIC VASCULAR RESISTANCE
SVT- SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA
SW- STURGE–WEBER SYNDROME
SX- SYMPTOMS
SXA- SINGLE-ENERGY X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETER
SXR- SKULL X-RAY
SZ- SEIZURE
T OR THR – THREONINE
T OR THR- THREONINE
T- THORACIC VERTEBRAE
T&A- TONSILLECTOMY WITH ADENOIDECTOMY
T&C- TYPE AND CROSS-MATCH (SEE BLOOD TRANSFUSION)
T&H- TYPE AND HOLD (STAY READY FOR BLOOD TRANSFUSION)
T/F- TRANSFER
T2DM- TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
TA- TEMPORAL ARTERITIS
TAB- TABLET (PHARMACY)
TAB- THERAPEUTIC ABORTION
TAH- TOTAL ABDOMINAL HYSTERECTOMY
TAH-BSO- TOTAL ABDOMINAL HYSTERECTOMY WITH BILATERAL SALPINGO-OOPHORECTOMY
TAP- TRYPSINOGEN ACTIVATION PEPTIDE
TAPVR- TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS RETURN
TAT- THEMATIC APPERCEPTION TEST
TB- TUBERCULOSIS
TBC- TUBERCULOSIS … TOTAL BODY CRUNCH
TBEC- ENTERIC COATED TABLET
TBG- THYROID-BINDING GLOBULIN
TBI- TO BE INTUBATED … TOTAL BODY IRRADIATION …TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
TBLC- TERM BIRTH LIVING CHILD
TC- TRAFFIC CRASH
TCA- TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANTS
TCC- TRANSITIONAL CELL CARCINOMA
TCM- TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE
TCN- TETRACYCLINE
TCOM- TRANSCUTANEOUS OXYGEN MEASUREMENT
TCT- THROMBIN CLOTTING TIME
TD- TARDIVE DYSKINESIA
TD- TETANUS AND DIPHTHERIA (COMBINED VACCINATION)
TDAP- TETANUS/ DIPHTHERIA/ AND ACELLULAR PERTUSSIS COMBINED VACCINE
TDP- TORSADES DE POINTES
TDS- THREE TIMES A DAY (FROM LATIN TER DIE SUMENDUS)
TDT- TERMINAL DEOXYNUCLEOTIDYL TRANSFERASE
TE- TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL
TEB- THORACIC ELECTRICAL BIOIMPEDANCE (SEE IMPEDANCE CARDIOGRAPHY)
TEC- TRANSIENT ERYTHROBLASTOPENIA OF CHILDHOOD
TEE- TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAM
TEF- TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA
TEM- TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
TEMP- TEMPERATURE
TEN- TOXIC EPIDERMAL NECROLYSIS
TENS- TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATOR
TF- TRANSFER
TFR- TUMOR VOLUME TO FETAL WEIGHT RATIO
TFTS- THYROID FUNCTION TESTS
TG- THYROGLOBULIN
TG- TRIGLYCERIDES
TGA- TRANSPOSITION OF THE GREAT ARTERIES
TGF- TUMOR GROWTH FACTOR
TGV- TRANSPOSITION OF THE GREAT VESSELS
THR- TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT
TIA- TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK
TIBC- TOTAL IRON-BINDING CAPACITY
TIB-FIB- TIBIA AND FIBULA
TID- THREE TIMES A DAY
TIN- TUBULOINTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS
TIPS- TRANSJUGULAR INTRAHEPATIC PORTOSYSTEMIC SHUNT
TKA- TOTAL KNEE ARTHOPLASTY
TKO- TO KEEP (VEIN) OPEN FOR IV THERAPY
TKR- TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT
TKVO- TO KEEP VEIN OPEN
TLA- THREE LETTER ACRONYM
TLC- TOTAL LUNG CAPACITY/ OR TOTAL LYMPHOCYTE COUNT
TLH- TOTAL LAPAROSCOPIC HYSTERECTOMY
TLR- TONIC LABYRINTHINE REFLEX
TM- TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
TME- TOTAL MESORECTAL EXCISION
TMJ- TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT
TNF- TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR
TNG- TRINITROGLYCERIN
TNM- TUMOR-NODES-METASTASES
TNTC- TOO NUMEROUS TO COUNT
TOA- TUBOOVARIAN ABSCESS
TOC- TEST-OF-CURE (+TOC MEANING PATIENT CURED OF DISEASE PROVEN VIA TEST)
TOD- TRANSOESOPHAGEAL DOPPLER
TOE- TRANSOESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAM
TOF- TETRALOGY OF FALLOT
TOP- TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY
TOT- TRANSOBTURATOR TAPE
TP- TOTAL PROTEIN
TPA- TISSUE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR
TPN- TOTAL PARENTERAL NUTRITION
TPR- TEMPERATURE/ PULSE/ RESPIRATION
TPR- TOTAL PERIPHERAL RESISTANCE
TR- TINCTURE
TR- TRICUSPID REGURGITATION
TRAM- TRANSVERSE RECTUS ABDOMINIS MYOCUTANEOUS FLAP (TRAM FLAP)
TRAP- TARTRATE-RESISTANT ACID PHOSPHATASE
TRF- TRANSFER (PRONOUNCED "TURF")
TRF'D- TRANSFERRED (PRONOUNCED "TURFED"/ AS IN "WE JUST TURFED MRS JOHNSON OTD")
TRH- THYROTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE
TRT- TESTOSTERONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY
TRUSP- TRANSRECTAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY OF THE PROSTATE …TRANSRECTAL ULTRASOUND OF THE PROSTATE
TS- TRICUSPID STENOSIS
TSH- THOUGHTS OF SELF-HARM
TSH- THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE
TSHR-AB- THYROTROPIN-RECEPTOR ANTIBODY
TSI- THYROID STIMULATING IMMUNOGLOBULIN
TSP- TEASPOON (5 ML)
TSTH- TOO SICK TO SEND HOME
TT- THROMBIN TIME
TTE- TRANSTHORACIC ECHOCARDIOGRAM
TTN- TRANSIENT TACHYPNEA OF THE NEWBORN
TTO- TO TAKE OUT (MEDICINES GIVEN TO PATIENT ON DISCHARGE FROM HOSPITAL STAY)
TTP- THROMBOTIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA … TENDER TO PALPATION
TTR- TRANSTHYRETIN
TTS- TRANSDERMAL THERAPEUTIC SYSTEM
TTTS- TWIN-TO-TWIN TRANSFUSION SYNDROME
TU- TUMOR
TUBA- TRANS-UMBILICAL BREAST AUGMENTATION
TUIP- TRANSURETHRAL INCISION OF THE PROSTATE
TUMT- TRANSURETHRAL MICROWAVE THERMOTHERAPY
TUNA- TRANSURETHRAL NEEDLE ABLATION OF THE PROSTATE
TUR- TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION
TURBT- TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF BLADDER TUMOR
TURP- TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF THE PROSTATE
TVC- TRUE VOCAL CORD
TVH- TRANSVAGINAL HYSTERECTOMY
TVT- TENSION-FREE VAGINAL TAPE
TX- THERAPY/ TRANSPLANT/ TREATMENT
TX- TREATMENT
TXP- TRANSPORT (BY AMBULANCE TO OR BETWEEN HOSPITALS)
U OR SEC – SELENOCYSTEINE
U OR SEC- SELENOCYSTEINE
U&E- UREA AND ELECTROLYTES (BLOOD TEST) (FOR SODIUM AND POTASSIUM/ AND OFTEN CREATININE)
U/A- UPON ARRIVAL
UA- URINALYSIS … UNSTABLE ANGINA
UAE- UTERINE ARTERY EMBOLIZATION (SYNONYM FOR UTERINE FIBROID EMBOLIZATION)
UBT- UREA BREATH TEST
UC- ULCERATIVE COLITIS
UCHD- USUAL CHILDHOOD DISEASES (SEE LIST OF CHILDHOOD DISEASES)
UCTD- UNDIFFERENTIATED CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE
UD- AS DIRECTED (FROM LATIN UT DICTUM)
UDS- URINE DRUG SCREENING
UE- UPPER EXTREMITY
UFE- UTERINE FIBROID EMBOLIZATION
UGI- UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL
UIP- USUAL INTERSTITIAL PNEUMONITIS
UK: MUSCULOSKELETAL
ULN- UPPER LIMIT OF NORMAL
UNDIFFERENTIATED SARCOMA
UNG- OINTMENT (FROM LATIN UNGUENTUM)
UNK- UNKNOWN
UOP- URINARY OUTPUT
UOSM- URINE OSMOLALITY
UPJ- URETEROPELVIC JUNCTION
URA- UNILATERAL RENAL AGENESIS
URI- UPPER RESPIRATORY INFECTION
URTI- UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION
US- ULTRASONOGRAM
USA- UNSTABLE ANGINA
USG- ULTRASONOGRAM
USO- UNILATERAL SALPINGO-OOPHORECTOMY
USP- UNITED STATES PHARMACOPEIA
USR- UNHEATED SERUM REGAIN
USS- ULTRASOUND SCAN
UTI- URINARY TRACT INFECTION
UUS- UPPER UTERINE SEGMENT
UVAL- ULTRAVIOLET ARGON LASER
V OR VAL – VALINE
V OR VAL- VALINE
V- VENTILATION
V/Q- VENTILATION/PERFUSION SCAN
VA- VISUAL ACUITY
VAC- VINCRISTINE/ ACTINOMYCIN D/ AND CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE (CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMEN)
VAD- VENTRICULAR ASSIST DEVICE … VINCRISTINE/ ADRIBLASTINE/ DEXAMETHASONE
VAG- VAGINAL
VAI- CINCRISTINE/ ACTINOMYCIN D/ AND IFOSFAMIDE (CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMEN)
VAMP- VESICLE-ASSOCIATED MEMBRANE PROTEIN … VINCRISTINE/ ADRIBLASTINE/ METHYLPREDNISONE
VAS- VIBROACOUSTIC STIMULATION … VISUAL ANALOG SCALE
VBAC- VAGINAL BIRTH AFTER CAESAREAN
VBG- VENOUS BLOOD GASES
VC- VITAL CAPACITY
VCJD- VARIANT CREUTZFELDT–JAKOB DISEASE
VCTC- VOLUNTARY COUNSELLING AND TESTING CENTERS (FOR HIV—GOVERNMENT CENTRES IN INDIA)
VCUG- VOIDING CYSTOURETHROGRAM
VD- VAGINAL DELIVERY … VENEREAL DISEASE (OUTDATED NAME FOR SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE)… VOLUME OF DISTRIBUTION
VDRF- VENTILATOR-DEPENDENT RESPIRATORY FAILURE
VDRL- VENEREAL DISEASES RESEARCH LABORATORY (OLD TEST FOR SYPHILIS)
VE- VAGINAL EXAMINATION (MANUAL EXAMINATION)
VEB- VENTRICULAR ECTOPIC BEAT
VED- VACUUM ERECTION DEVICE
VEE- VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS
VF / V-FIB- VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION
VH- VISUAL HALLUCINATIONS…VAGINAL HYSTERECTOMY
VHL- VON HIPPEL–LINDAU DISEASE
VIN- VULVAR INTRAEPITHELIAL NEOPLASIA
VIP- VASOACTIVE INTESTINAL PEPTIDE
VLDL- VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN
VMA- VANILLYLMANDELIC ACID … VIOLENT MECHANICAL ASPHYXIA
VNPI- VAN NUYS PROGNOSTIC SCORING INDEX (FOR DUCTAL CARCINOMA)
VO- VERBAL ORDER
VOC- VASO-OCCLUSIVE CRISIS
VOD- VOLUME OF DISTRIBUTION
VPA- VALPROIC ACID
VPAP- VARIABLE POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE
VPB- VENTRICULAR PREMATURE BEATS (SEE PREMATURE VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION)
VPC (PVC)- VENTRICULAR PREMATURE CONTRACTION
VPI- VELOPHARYNGEAL INSUFFICIENCY
VRE- VANCOMYCIN-RESISTANT ENTEROCOCCUS
VRSA- VANCOMYCIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
VS- VITAL SIGNS … VERSUS
VSD- VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT
VSR- VENTRICULAR SEPTAL RUPTURE (SEE MYOCARDIAL RUPTURE)
VSS- VITAL SIGNS STABLE
VT- VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA … VEROTOXIN
VTE- VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM
VTEC- VEROTOXIN-PRODUCING ESCHERICHIA COLI/ ALSO KNOWN AS ENTEROHAEMORRHAGIC E COLI
VUR- VESICOURETERAL REFLUX
VWD- VENTRAL WALL DEFECT … VON WILLEBRAND DISEASE
VWF- VON WILLEBRAND FACTOR
VZIG- VARICELLA ZOSTER IMMUNE GLOBULIN
VZV- VARICELLA ZOSTER VIRUS
W OR TRP – TRYPTOPHAN
W OR TRP- TRYPTOPHAN
W/C- WHEELCHAIR
W/O / W/O- WITHOUT
W/U- WORKUP
WAIS-R- WECHSLER ADULT INTELLIGENCE SCALE REVISED
WAP- WANDERING ATRIAL PACEMAKER (SEE MULTIFOCAL ATRIAL TACHYCARDIA)
WARKANY SYNDROME
WAS- WISKOTT–ALDRICH SYNDROME
WASP- WISKOTT–ALDRICH SYNDROME PROTEIN
WAT- WHITE ADIPOSE TISSUE
WATER-SOLUBLE
WBAT- WEIGHT BEARING AS TOLERATED
WBC- WHITE BLOOD CELL
WBI- WHOLE BOWEL IRRIGATION
WBRT- WHOLE-BRAIN RADIOTHERAPY TREATMENT
WC- WHITE CELLS OR WHEELCHAIR OR (SURPRISINGLY STILL USED) WATER CLOSET (BATHROOM)
WD- WELL DEVELOPED
WDL- WITHIN DEFINED LIMITS (AS PER HOSPITAL DEFINED POLICY)
WDWN- WELL DEVELOPED AND WELL NOURISHED
WEE- WESTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS
WERNER SYNDROME
WEST SYNDROME
WG- WEGENER'S GRANULOMATOSIS
WH- WELL HYDRATED (NOT DEHYDRATED OR HYPERHYDRATED)
WHITE BLOOD CELL COUNT
WILLIAMS SYNDROME
WISC-R- WECHSLER INTELLIGENCE SCALE FOR CHILDREN REVISED
WLE- WIDE LOCAL EXCISION
WN- WELL NOURISHED
WNL- WITHIN NORMAL LIMITS (ALSO: WE NEVER LOOKED)
WOI- WITHOUT INCIDENT
WOLFRAM SYNDROME
WORLD WAR I
WPW- WOLFF–PARKINSON–WHITE SYNDROME
WS- WAARDENBURG SYNDROME
WT- WEIGHT (WHETHER HUMAN WEIGHT OR OTHERWISE)
WWI- WALKING WHILE INTOXICATED (ETHANOL OR OTHER DRUGS)
X- (X WITH MACRON) EXCEPT
X/12- X NUMBER OF MONTHS
X/40- X NUMBER OF WEEKS OF PREGNANCY
X/52- X NUMBER OF WEEKS
X/7- X NUMBER OF DAYS
X-AFP- EXTENDED ALPHA-FETOPROTEIN
XR- EXTENDED RELEASE (SEE TIME RELEASE TECHNOLOGY)
X-RAY (SEE RADIOGRAPHY)
XRT- RADIOTHERAPY USED IN CANCER TREATMENT
Y OR TYR – TYROSINE
Y OR TYR- TYROSINE
Y- YEAR OR YEARS
YO /YO /Y/O- YEARS OLD
YPLL- YEARS OF POTENTIAL LIFE LOST
YR- YEAR OR YEARS
YST- YOLK SAC TUMOR
ZD- ZINC DEFICIENCY
ZDV- ZIDOVUDINE
ZES- ZOLLINGER–ELLISON SYNDROME
ZIFT- ZYGOTE INTRAFALLOPIAN TRANSFER
ZMC- ZYGOMATICO-MAXILLARY COMPLEX
ZN- ZINC
Δ – DIAGNOSIS/CHANGE
Δ- DIAGNOSIS/CHANGE
ΔΔ- DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
Σ – SIGMOIDOSCOPY
Σ- SIGMOIDOSCOPY
Σ- STANDARD DEVIATION
Ψ – PSYCHIATRY
Ψ- PSYCHIATRY

Health care:
AACOM—American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine
AAHAM—American Association of Healthcare Administrative Management
AAHP—American Association of Health Plans
AAPCC—Average Adjusted Per Capita Cost
AARP—American Association of Retired Persons
ABN—Advance beneficiary notice
ACA—Affordable Care Act
ACGME—Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
ACH-Automatic Clearing House
ACHE—American College of Healthcare Executives
ACO-Accountable care organization
ACLS—Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support
ACR—Adjusted community rating
ACS—American Cancer Society … also American College of Surgeons
ACU—Ambulatory care unit
ADA—Americans with Disabilities Act … also American Diabetes Association
ADC—Average daily census
ADL activities of daily living
ADR-Additional Document Request
ADS—Alternative delivery system
AGPA—American Group Practice Association
AHA—American Hospital Association … or American Heart Association
AHRQ—Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
AIDS—Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
ALJ—Administrative law judge
ALOS—Average length of stay
AMA—American Medical Association
AMCRA—American Medical Care and Review Association
ANA—American Nurses Association
AOA—American Osteopathic Association
AONE—American Organization of Nurse Executives
APC—Ambulatory Payment Classification
APG—Ambulatory Patient Group
APR-DRG—All payer refined diagnostic related group
ARC—American Red Cross
ASC—Ambulatory surgery center
ASO—Administrative services only contract
BBA—Balanced Budget Act of 1997
BBRA—Balanced Budget Relief Act of 1999
BCAA—Blue Cross Association of America
BCBSI—Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Iowa
BLS—Basic Life Support
BHAI—Behavioral Health Affiliate of Iowa
BIA—Bureau of Indian Affairs
BIPA—Benefits Improvement & Protection Act of 2000
BLS—Bureau of Labor Statistics
BMA-British Medical Association
CAH—Critical access hospital
Cahaba GBA—Cahaba Government Benefit Administrators/ LLC
CAHPS-Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems
CAM—Complementary and alternative medicine
CARF—Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities
CAT—Computerized axial tomography
CAA—Care area assessment
CBSA—Core based statistical area
CCI—Correct coding initiative
CCR—Cost-to-charge ratio
CCU—Cardiac care unit
CDC—Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
CEDI-Common Electronic Data Exchange
CHA—Catholic Health Association
CHAMPUS—Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services
CHAMPVA—Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Veterans Administration
CICU—Cardiac intensive care unit
CIPI—Capital input price index
CISM—Critical incident stress management
CLIA—Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (1967)
CMC-Choice Medicare Claims
CME—Continuing medical education
CMHC—Community mental health center
CMA-Canadian Medical Association
CMI—Case mix index
CMN-Certificate of medical necessity
CMP—Competitive medical plan … also Civil monetary penalty
CMS—Centers for Medicare Services
CMMS—Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
COB—Coordination of benefits
COBRA—Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985
COI—Certificate of Insurance
CON—Certificate of Need
COP—Condition of participation
CORF—Comprehensive outpatient rehabilitative facility
CPI—Consumer price index
CPR—Customary/ prevailing/ and reasonable (charges) … also Cardiac pulmonary resuscitation
CPT—Current Procedural Terminology
CQI—Continuous quality improvement
CRM-Customer Relations Management or Customer Resource Management
CSI-Claims Status Inquiry
CWF-Common Working File
DDE-Direct Data Entry (Medicare)
DEA—Drug Enforcement Administration
DHC-Data Handling Center
DHPC—Direct Healthcare Professional Communication
DHS—Department of Human Services (Iowa)
DMAT—Disaster Medical Assistance Team
DME—Durable medical equipment … also Direct medical education
DNR—Department of Natural Resources … also Do not resuscitate … also Do not report
DRA—Deficit Reduction Act of 2005
DRG—Diagnosis-related group
DSA—Disproportionate share adjustment
DSH—Disproportionate share hospital
EBP—Evidence-based practice
ECF—Extended care facility
EDI-Electronic Data Interchange
EDR-Exceptional Document Request
EDPS–Encounter Data Processing System
EEOC—Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
eHDS-electronic Health Data System
EHR—Electronic health record
EMR—Electronic medical record
EMS—Emergency medical services
EMTALA—Emergency Medical Transfer Active Labor Act
EOB—Explanation of benefits
EOC—Episode of care … also Emergency operations center... also Explanation of coverage
EOMB—Explanation of Medicare Benefits
EPA—Environmental Protection Agency
EPO—Exclusive Provider Organization
EPSDT—Early periodic screening diagnosis and treatment program
ERA-Electronic Remittance Advice
ER/ED—Emergency room/emergency department
ERISA—Employee Retirement Income Security Act
esMD-electronic submission of Medical Documentation
FAQ—Frequently asked questions
FDA—Food and Drug Administration
FEC—Freestanding emergency center
FEHBP—Federal Employees Health Benefits Program
FERAS-Front End Risk Assessment System
FFS—Fee for service
FFWU—Full fever work-up
FI—Fiscal intermediary
FPL—Federal Poverty Level
FQHC—Federally Qualified Health Center
FSA—Flexible Spending Accounts
FTC—Federal Trade Commission
FTE—Full-time equivalent
GAF—Geographic adjustment factor
GAO U.S.—Government Accountability Office
GCC-General Chiropractic Council
GDC-General Dental Council
GHAA—Group Health Association of America
GMC-General Medical Council
GME—Graduate medical education
GOC-General Optical Council
GOsC-General Osteopathic Council
GPCI—Geographic practice cost index
GPO—Group Practice Organization
GPhC-General Pharmaceutical Council
HANYS—Healthcare Association of New York State
HAWK-I—Healthy and Well Kids in Iowa
HCPC-Health and Care Professions Council
HCPCS—Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System
HCSE—HealthCare Systems Engineering
HEDIS—Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set
HEICS—Hospital emergency incident command system
HETS-HIPAA Eligibility Transaction System
HFMA—Healthcare Financial Management Association
HHA—Home Health Agency
HHR—Health human resources (or health workforce)
HHS—Health and Human Services (Federal)
HHSC—Health and Human Services Commission
HIAA—Health Insurance Association of America
HIC-Healthcare Insurance Claim
HIH-Healthcare In Home
HIM—Health information management
HIPAA—Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HIPCs—Health Insurance Purchasing Cooperatives
HIPPS-Health Insurance Prospective Payment System
HL7-Health Level 7
HMO—Health maintenance organization
HMS-Hospital Medical System
HPB—Historic payment basis
HPCI—Health Policy Corporation of Iowa
HPSA—Health Professional Shortage Area
HQRM—Healthcare quality and resource management
HSR—Hospital-specific rate
IAHSA—Iowa Association of Homes and Services for the Aging
ICD 10—International Classification of Diseases
ICF/MR—Intermediate Care Facility for the Mentally Retarded
ICN—Iowa Communications Network
ICS—Incident command system
ICU—Intensive care unit
IDIA—Iowa Department of Inspections and Appeals
IDN—Integrated Delivery Network
IDPH—Iowa Department of Public Health
IDS—Integrated delivery system
IFMC—Iowa Foundation for Medical Care
IHA—Iowa Hospital Association
IHC—Iowa Healthcare Collaborative
IHHCC—Iowa Hospital Home Care Council
IHERF—Iowa Hospital Education & Research Foundation
IHI—Institute for Healthcare Improvement
IHO—Iowa Hospice Organization
IHS—Indian Health Services
IME—Indirect Medical Education … also Iowa Medicaid Enterprise
IMGMA—Iowa Medical Group Management Association
IMS—Iowa Medical Society
INA—Iowa Nurses Association
IOM—Institute of Medicine
IOMA—Iowa Osteopathic Medical Association
IONL—Iowa Organization of Nurse Leaders
IPA—Independent Practice Association
IPF—Inpatient psychiatric facility
IRB—Institutional review board
IRF—Inpatient rehabilitation facility
ISMP—Institute for Safe Medication Practices
ITC—Iowa Trauma Coordinators
ITPDM—Initiative to Pay Doctors More
LAMA—Left against medical advice
LCD—Local coverage determinations
LOB-Line Of Business
LOS—Length of stay
LPHA-Licensed Professional of the Healing Arts
LSA—Legislative Service Agency
LTC—Long-term care
MA—Medicare Advantage
MAC—Medicare Administrative Contractor
MB—Market basket
MBI—Market basket index
MCO—Managed care organization
MDA—Muscular Dystrophy Association
MDC—Major Diagnostic Category
MDH—Medicare Dependent Hospital
MDS—Minimum Data Set
MedPAC—Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
MEI—Medical economic index
MFS—Medicare fee schedule
MGCRB—Medicare Geographic Classification Review Board
MLP—Mid-level practitioner
MMA—Medicare Modernization Act of 2003
MMP-Medicare Medicaid Program
MOB—Medical office building
MRI—Magnetic resonance imaging
MSA—Metropolitan statistical area
MSO—Management service organization
MUA—Medically underserved area
MUP—Medically underserved population
MVPS—Medicare volume performance standard
NB—Newborn
NBC—Nuclear/ Biological/ Chemical
NCD—National coverage determination
NCQA—National Committee for Quality Assurance
NDMS—National Disaster Medical System
NF—Nursing facility
NGS-National Government Services
NHS-National Health Service
NIC—Neonatal intensive care
NICE-National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
NICU—Neonatal intensive care unit
NIH—National Institutes of Health
NIMS—National Incident Management System
NLRB—National Labor Relations Board
NMC-Nursing and Midwifery Council
NOE-Notice OF Election
NP—Nurse practitioner
NPI—National Provider Identifier
NQF—National quality forum
NOTR-Notice of Termination/Revocation (Hospice)
NSF-National Standard Format (Legacy form)
OASIS—Outcome and Assessment Information Set
OBRA—Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
OCR-Office of Civil Rights
OCS-Occupant Classification System
ODS—Organized delivery system
OIG—Office of Inspector General
OMB—Office of Management and Budget
OPO—Organ procurement organization
OPP—Out-of-pocket payments
OR—Operating room
OSHA—Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OT—Occupational therapy
OTC—Over-the-counter
PA—Physician assistant
PACS—Picture archiving and communication system
PCN—Primary care network
PCP—Primary care physician (or primary care provider if the provider is an NP/ PA/ or other non-physician)
PDE-Prescription Drug Event
PDL—Prescription drug list
PDP—Prescription drug plan
PET—Positron emission tomography
PFFS—Private fee-for-service
PHI-Protected Health Information
PHN—Public health nurse
PHO—Physician hospital organization
PHS—Public health services
PMD-Power Mobility Device
PMS-Practice Management System
PMV-Practice Management Vendor
POS—Point of service
PPE—Personal protective equipment
PPI—Producer price index
PPO—Preferred provider organization
PPRC—Physician Payment Review Commission
PPS—Prospective payment system
PPS-Pay Per Service (Medicare)
PQRS-Physician Quality Reporting System
PRO—Peer Review Organization
PRRB—Provider reimbursement review board
PSO—Provider sponsored organization
PT—Physical therapy
PWD-Person With a Disability
QA—Quality assurance
QI—Quality improvement
QIO—Quality improvement organizations
RAC-Recovery Audit Contractor
RAP-Request for Anticipated Payment
RBRVS—Resource-based relative value scale
RCM-Review Cycle management
RHC—Rural health clinic
RHHI-Regional Home Health Intermediary
RPB 6—Regional Policy Board 6 (AHA)
RTP-Return To Provider (T-status claim)
RUGs—Resource utilization groups
RVS—Relative value scale
RVU—Relative value unit
SCH—Sole community hospital
SCHIP—State Children's Health Insurance Program
SDF-Secure Data Facility
SEIU—Service Employees International Union
SGR—Sustainable Growth Rate
SMDA—Safe Medical Devices Act (1990)
SNF—Skilled nursing facility
SNS—Strategic National Stockpile
SPECT—Single-photon-emission computerized tomography
SSA—Social Security Administration
SSI—Supplemental Security Income
STHP—Short Term Health Plan
STC-Service Code Type
TMI-Transactions of Medical Imaging
TOB-Type Of Bill
TPA—Third-party administrator or third-party administration
TQI—Total quality improvement
TQM—Total quality management
TRHCA—Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006
UB 04-Uniform Billing (Institutional form)
UID-Unique Identifier
UB-04—Uniform Billing Form/ modified in 2004
UB-92—Uniform Billing Form/ modified in 1992
UC—Urgi Center
UCR—Usual/ customary and reasonable (charges)
UR—Utilization review
USPHS—United States Public Health Service
VA—Veterans Administration
VBPM—Value-based payment modifier
VHA—Voluntary Hospitals of America
VHI-Verastream Host Integrator
WHO—World Health Organization
WIC—Women and infant children program
Medical:
Abd.—Abdominal
ACLS—Advanced cardiac life support
AED—Automated external defibrillator
AF—Atrial fibrillation
AI—Aortic insufficiency
ALS—Advanced life support
AMA—Against medical advice
ANP—Advanced nurse practitioner
ART—Accredited record technician
AS—Aortic stenosis
ATLS—Advanced trauma life support
BE—Barium enema
BMR—Basal metabolism rate
BP—Blood pressure
BTLS—Basic trauma life support
BUN—Blood urea nitrogen
Ca—Carcinoma
CADAC—Certified alcohol and drug abuse counselor
CBC—Com5ount
CC—Chief complaint
CLT -Certified Lymphedema Therapist
CMA-Certified Medical Assistant
CMT-Certified Medication Technician
CNM—Certified Nurse Midwife
CNS—Central nervous system
CPR—Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRNA—Certified registered nurse anesthetist
CVA—Cerebrovascular accident/ a stroke
CVI—Cerebrovascular insufficiency
DC—Doctor of Chiropractic
DD—Differential diagnosis
DDS—Doctor of Dental Surgery
DIFF.—Differential blood count
DO—Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
DNR—Do not resuscitate; also Do not report
DPM—Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
DPT—Diphtheria/ pertussis/ tetanus
D&C—Dilatation and curettage
D&E—Dilatation and evacuation
DSC—Doctor of Surgical Chiropody
DVM—Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
ECU—Environmental control unit
EEG—Electroencephalogram
EENT—Eye/ ear/ nose and throat
EKG/ ECG—Electrocardiogram
EMG—Electromyogram
EMS—Emergency medical service
EMT—Emergency medical technician
ENT—Ear nose and throat
FACHE—Fellow of the American College of Healthcare Executives
FBS—Fasting blood sugar
FMG—Foreign medical graduate
FSH—Follicle-stimulating hormone
GB viz.—Gall bladder visualization
GC—Gonococcal/ gonorrhea
GI—Gastrointestinal
GP—General practitioner
GU—Genitourinary
Hgb.—Hemoglobin
ICN—Intermediate care nursery
IM—Intramuscular
IP—Intraperitoneal
IV—Intravenous
IVP—Intravenous pyelogram (urogram)
LPC—Licensed professional counselor
LPN—Licensed practical nurse
LPT—Licensed physical therapist
LVN—Licensed vocational nurse
MD—Doctor of Medicine
mEq.—Milliequivalent
MHA—Master of Hospital Administration Master of Health Administration
MHSA—Master of Health Services Administration
MI—Myocardial infarction; also Mitral insufficiency or Mental institution
MOM—Milk of magnesia
Mono—Mononucleosis
MPA—Master of Public Administration
MPH—Master of Public Health
MS—Mitral stenosis; also Master of Science or Medical scientist
MSN—Master of Science in Nursing
MSW—Master of Social Work
N—Normal
ND—Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine
OB-GYN—Obstetrics and gynecology
OD—Doctor of Optometry
O.D.—Right eye
O.S.—Left eye
OT-Occupational Therapist
PA—Physician assistant; also Posterior–anterior
P&A—Percussion and auscultation
PALS—Pediatric advanced life support
PAT—Paroxysmal Atrial Tachycardia
PBI—Protein-bound iodine
Ped.—Pediatrics; also Pediatrician
pH—Expression of acidity or alkalinity. pH 7 is neutral;above 7 alkalinity increases; below 7 acidity decreases
Preemy—Premature infant
PSA—Prostate-specific antigen
RAD—Radiation-absorbed dose
RBC—Red blood count
SC—Subcutaneous
SCIC—Significant change in condition
SICU—Surgical intensive care unit
SIDS—Sudden infant death syndrome
SOB—Short of breath
START—Simple triage and rapid transport
Stat.—Immediately
STD—Sexually transmitted disease
T&A—Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TB—Tuberculosis
Temp.—Temperature
VD—Venereal disease
VDRL—Serology
WBC—White blood count
3DSlicer Platform
Advanced Simulation Library
Bahmni
BioLinux
Bonnie
Caisis
ClearHealth
CottageMed
cTAKES
Cypress
Debian-Med
Dental management and patient record
DHIS
Diagnostic software
Drishti
Electronic health or medical record
Endrov Image and data viewer and editor
Epi Info
FreeMED
GaiaEHR
GIMIAS workflow
Ginkgo CADx Cross-platform open source DICOM viewer and dicomizer
Glucosio
GNU Health
GNUmed
Health system management
Hospital OS
HOSxP
HRHIS
Imaging/visualization
Interoperability testing
InVesalius 3D medical imaging reconstruction software
ITK segmentation and registration toolkit
ITK-SNAP Interactive software
LabKey Server
Medical information systems
Medical practice management software
MedinTux
Mirth
MITK - Medical Imaging Interaction Toolkit
Mobile devices
Open Dental
Open Health Imaging Foundation – HTML5 DICOM web viewer software and server
openEHR
OpenEMR
OpenHospital
OpenMRS
Orthanc
OSCAR McMaster
OsiriX
ParaView large-scale visualization tool
PopHealth
Public health and biosurveillance
SmartCare
Spatiotemporal Epidemiological Modeler
THIRRA
Ubuntu-Med
Ushahidi
VistA
Voreen volume rendering engine
VTK visualization toolkit
Xebra (medical imaging software)
ZEPRS

A.D.- AS DIRECTED
A/V- ARTERIOLE–VENUE RATIO
AC 0/4- GRADE 0 ANTERIOR CHAMBER ANGLE
AC 1/4- GRADE 1 ANTERIOR CHAMBER ANGLE
AC 2/4- GRADE 2 ANTERIOR CHAMBER ANGLE
AC 3/4- GRADE 3 ANTERIOR CHAMBER ANGLE
AC 4/4- GRADE 4 ANTERIOR CHAMBER ANGLE
AC- ANTERIOR CHAMBER
AC/A- ACCOMMODATIVE CONVERGENCE / ACCOMMODATION RATIO
ACC- ACCOMMODATION
ACG/CAG- ANGLE CLOSURE GLAUCOMA
AD- ADVISED
ADD- ADDITION
AIT- AFTER-IMAGE TRANSFER
ALT- ALTERNATING
ALT ET- ALTERNATING ESOTROPIA
ALT XT- ALTERNATING EXOTROPIA
AMD/ARMD- AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION
ARC- ANOMALOUS RETINAL CORRESPONDENCE
BC- BASE CURVE
BD/BID- TWICE A DAY
BDR- BACKGROUND DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
BIO- BINOCULAR INDIRECT OPHTHALMOSCOPY
BOZD- BACK OPTIC ZONE DIAMETER
BOZR- BACK OPTIC ZONE RADIUS
BP- BLOOD PRESSURE
BRAO- BRANCH RETINAL ARTERY OCCLUSION
BRVO- BRANCH RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION
BSV- BINOCULAR SINGLE VISION
BV- BINOCULAR VISION
BVD- BACK VERTEX DISTANCE
BVP- BACK VERTEX POWER
C/D- CUP–DISC RATIO
C/O OR C.O.- COMPLAINS OF
C/U- CHECK UP
CAT- CATARACT
CD- CENTRATION DISTANCE
CF- COUNT FINGERS VISION – STATE DISTANCE
CLAPC/CLIPC- CONTACT LENS ASSOCIATED/INDUCED PAPILLARY CONJUNCTIVITIS
CLAPC/CLIPC- CONTACT-LENS-ASSOCIATED/INDUCED PAPILLARY CONJUNCTIVITIS
CLARE- CONTACT LENS ASSOCIATED RED EYE
CLARE- CONTACT-LENS-ASSOCIATED RED EYE
CLPU- CONTACT LENS ASSOCIATED PERIPHERAL ULCER
CLPU- CONTACT-LENS-ASSOCIATED PERIPHERAL ULCER
CNS- CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
CRAO- CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY OCCLUSION
CRVO- CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION
CSR- CENTRAL SEROUS RETINOPATHY
CT- COVER TEST
CVA- CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT
CW- CLOSE WORK
D- DIOPTRES
DC- DIOPTRES CYLINDER
DDX- DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
DFE- DILATED FUNDUS EXAMINATION
DFP- DIGITAL FUNDUS PHOTOGRAPH(Y)
DK- UNIT OF PERMEABILITY
DNA- DID NOT ATTEND
DOB- DATE OF BIRTH
DR- DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
DRS- DIABETIC RETINOPATHY SCREENING
DS- DIOPTRES SPHERE
DV- DISTANCE VISION
DVD- DISSOCIATED VERTICAL DEVIATION
DW- DAILY WEAR
DX- DIAGNOSIS
EF- ECCENTRIC FIXATION
EP- ESOPHORIA
ESR- ERYTHROCYTE SEDIMENTATION RATE
ET- ESOTROPIA
EW- EXTENDED WEAR
F/U- FOLLOW UP APPOINTMENT
FB- FOREIGN BODY
FD- FIXATION DISPARITY
FF- FOVEAL FIXATION
FHG- FAMILY HISTORY OF GLAUCOMA
FMH- FAMILY MEDICAL HISTORY
FOH- FAMILY OCULAR HISTORY
FOZD- FRONT OPTIC ZONE DIAMETER
FVP- FRONT VERTEX POWER
FX- FAMILY HISTORY
G(M)P- GENERAL (MEDICAL) PRACTITIONER
GH- GENERAL HEALTH
GIES- GLASGOW INTEGRATED EYECARE SCHEME
GPC- GIANT PAPILLARY CONJUNCTIVITIS
GSL- GENERAL SALES LIST
GT- ONE DROP
GTT- DROPS
GUTT/G- GUTTAE (DROPS)
HA- HEADACHES
HARC- HARMONIOUS ABNORMAL RETINAL CORRESPONDENCE
HEMA- HYDROXYETHYL METHACRYLATE
HES- HOSPITAL EYE SERVICE
HM- HAND MOTION VISION – STATE DISTANCE
HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL ORTHOPHORIA
HT- HANDLING TINT
HVID- HORIZONTAL VISIBLE IRIS DIAMETER
HX- HISTORY
HX- HOSPITAL
IDDM- INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES MELLITUS
IOL- INTRA-OCULAR LENS
IOP- INTRA-OCULAR PRESSURE
IRMA- INTRA-RETINAL MICROVASCULAR ABNORMALITY
ISNT- INFERIOR/ SUPERIOR/ NASAL/ TEMPORAL
K- KERATOMETRY
KCS- KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA
KP- KERATIC PRECIPITATES
L/R FD- L/R FIXATION DISPARITY
L/R- L HYPERPHORIA
LASEK- LASER EPITHELIAL KERATOMILEUSIS
LASIK- LASER IN-SITU KERATOMILEUSIS
LE- LEFT EYE
LEFT ET- LEFT ESOTROPIA
LHYPERT OR LHT- LEFT HYPERTROPIA
LHYPOT- LEFT HYPOTROPIA
LO- LENTICULAR OPACITY
LTG- LOW-TENSION GLAUCOMA
LVA- LOW VISION AID
M.WING- MADDOX WING
MDU- MALLETT DISTANCE UNIT
MEDS- MEDICATIONS
MI- MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
MNU- MALLETT NEAR UNIT
MR- MADDOX ROD
MS- MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
MWT- MAXIMUM WEARING TIME
NB: NAD- NO ABNORMALITY DETECTED
NCT- NON-CONTACT TONOMETER
ND- NEUTRAL DENSITY FILTER
NIDDM- NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES MELLITUS
NLP- NO LIGHT PERCEPTION
NOCTE/QHS- AT NIGHT
NPC- NEAR POINT OF CONVERGENCE OR NO PREVIOUS CORRECTION
NRC- NORMAL RETINAL CORRESPONDENCE
NRR- NEURO-RETINAL RIM
NS- NUCLEAR SCLEROSIS
NTG- NORMAL TENSION GLAUCOMA
NV- NEAR VISION
NWT- NORMAL WEARING TIME
O SYMPTOMS- ZERO SYMPTOMS
OCC- OINTMENT
OCC.- OCCUPATION
OC'S- OPTICAL CENTRES
OD- OCULUS DEXTER (RIGHT EYE)
OD/QD- ONCE A DAY
OH- OCULAR HISTORY
OMB- OCULO MOTOR BALANCE
ONH- OPTIC NERVE HEAD
OPH- OPHTHALMOSCOPY
OS- OCULUS SINISTER (LEFT EYE)
OS/OD- OVERALL SIZE/OVERALL DIAMETER
OTC- OVER THE COUNTER (BOUGHT MEDICATION)
OU- OCULUS UTRO (BOTH EYES)
OZD- OPTIC ZONE DIAMETER
P- PHARMACY (DRUG)
PD- PUPILLARY DISTANCE
PDR- PROLIFERATIVE DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
PDT- PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY
PEARS- PRIMARY EYECARE ACUTE REFERRAL SCHEME
PERRLA- PUPILS EQUAL
PH- PINHOLE
PHVA- PINHOLE VISUAL ACUITY
PK- PENETRATING KERATOPLASY
PL- PERCEPTION OF LIGHT
PMMA- POLYMETHYL METHACRYLATE
POAG- PRIMARY OPEN-ANGLE GLAUCOMA
POH / PROH- PREVIOUS OCULAR HISTORY
POM- PRESCRIPTION-ONLY MEDICINE
PPA- PERI-PAPILLARY ATROPHY
PPDR- PREPROLIFERATIVE DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
PRA- PAN-RETINAL ABLATION
PRK- PHOTOREFRACTIVE KERATECTOMY
PRN- WHEN REQUIRED
PRP- PAN-RETINAL PHOTOCOAGULATION
PSCC- POSTERIOR SUB-CAPSULAR CATARACT
PT- PATIENT
PVD- POSTERIOR VITREOUS DETACHMENT
Q- EVERY (E.G. Q2H – EVERY TWO HOURS)
QDS/QID- FOUR TIMES A DAY
RAPD- RELATIVE AFFERENT PUPILLARY DEFECT
RD- RETINAL DETACHMENT
RE- RIGHT EYE
RET.- RETINOSCOPY
RGP- RIGID-GAS-PERMEABLE
RHYPERT- RIGHT HYPERTROPIA
RHYPOT OR RHT- RIGHT HYPOTROPIA
RK- RADIAL KERATOTOMY
RNFL- RETINAL NERVE FIBRE LAYER
RP- RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA
RPE- RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM
RSOT- RIGHT ESOTROPIA
RX- PRESCRIPTION
SCL- SOFT CONTACT LENS
SE- SPHERICAL EQUIVALENT
SEAL- SUPERIOR EPITHELIAL ARCUATE LESION
SIH- SILICONE HYDROGEL
SLE- SLIT LAMP EXAMINATION
SLK- SUPERIOR LIMBIC KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS
SLM- SLIT LAMP MICROSCOPE
SPEE- SUPERFICIAL PUNCTATE EPITHELIAL EROSIONS
SPK- SUPERFICIAL PUNCTATE KERATITIS
SUPP.- SUPPRESSION
SX- SYMPTOMS
T1 DIAB- TYPE 1 DIABETES
T2 DIAB- TYPE 2 DIABETES
TBUT- TEAR BREAK-UP TIME
TC- CENTRE THICKNESS
TD- TOTAL DIAMETER
TDS/TID- THREE TIMES A DAY
TE- EDGE THICKNESS
TIA- TRANSIENT ISCHAEMIC ATTACK
TWT/WTT- TODAY WEARING TIME
TX- TREATMENT
UNG- OINTMENT
V- VISION (UNAIDED)
VA OD- RIGHT VISUAL ACUITY
VA OS- LEFT VISUAL ACUITY
VA- VISUAL ACUITY
VDU- VISUAL DISPLAY UNIT
VF- VISUAL FIELD
VPA- VERTICAL PALPEBRAL APERTURE
VPS- VARIABLE PRISM STEREOSCOPE
VX- VOMITING
WD- WORKING DISTANCE
WEHE- WELSH EYE HEALTH EXAMINATION
WLVS- WELSH LOW VISION SERVICE
WT- WEARING TIME
X/12- X MONTHS
X/52- X WEEKS
X/7- X DAYS
XP- EXOPHORIA
XT- EXOTROPIA
Δ- PRISM DIOPTRE
Θ- VERTICAL ORTHOPHORIA
Φ- HORIZONTAL ORTHOPHORIA

AAA - Abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAS - Aarskog–Scott syndrome
ABCD syndrome - albinism/ black lock/ cell migration disorder
ACC - Agenesis of the corpus callosum
ACS - Acute coronary syndrome
ACTH deficiency - Adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency
AD - Alzheimer's Disease
AD - Attachment disorder
ADD - Attention deficit disorder
ADD-RT - Attention deficit disorder – residual type
ADEM - Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
ADHD - Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
AF - Atrial fibrillation
AGS - Aicardi–Goutieres syndrome
AHC - Alternating hemiplegia of childhood
AIDS - Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AIP - Acute intermittent porphyria
ALA DD - Doss porphyria/ALA dehydratase deficiency/Plumboporphyria
ALI - Acute lung injury
ALL - Acute lymphoblastic lymphoma
ALS - Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
AMD - Age-related macular degeneration
AOS - Apraxia of speech
APA - Aldosterone-producing adenoma
APS - Antiphospholipid syndrome
ARBD - Alcohol-related birth defects
ARD - Adult Refsum disease
ARDS - Acute respiratory distress syndrome
ARND - Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder
AS - Ankylosing spondylitis
AS - Asperger syndrome
ASD - Atrial septal defect
ASDs - Autism spectrum disorders
ASS - African Sleeping Sickness
A-T - Ataxia-telangiectasia
AVMs - Arteriovenous malformations
BBS - Bashful bladder syndrome
BD - Binswanger's disease
BEB - Benign essential blepharospasm
BEH - Behaviorally/emotionally handicapped
BH - Behaviorally handicapped
BMD - Becker's muscular dystrophy
BPD - Borderline personality disorder
BPH - Benign prostatic hyperplasia
BS - Bloom's syndrome
BSE - Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
BSS - Brown–Sequard syndrome
BV - Bacterial vaginosis
CACH - Central nervous system hypomyelination
CAD - Coronary artery disease
CADASIL - Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with sub-cortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy
CAPD - Central auditory processing disorder
CCD - Considerable conduct disorder
CCHF - Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever
CCHS - Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome
CCM - Cerebral cavernous malformation
CDG - Congenital disorder of glycosylation
CDGS - Carbohydrate deficient glycoprotein syndrome
CEP - Congenital erythropoietic porphyria
CESD - Cholesteryl ester storage disease
CF - Cystic fibrosis
CFIDS - Chronic fatigue immune dysfunction syndrome
CFS - Chronic fatigue syndrome
CGBD - Corticobasal ganglionic degeneration
CH - Cluster headache
CHARGE syndrome - Coloboma of the eye/ heart defects/ atresia of the nasal choanae/ retarded growth & or development/ genital abnormalities/ ear abnormalities
CHD - Congenital heart disease
CHD - Congenital hip dysplasia
CHD - Coronary heart disease
CHF - Congestive heart failure
CIDP - Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy
CIPA - Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis
CJD - Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease
CMs - Chiari malformations
CMT disease - Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease
COFS - Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome
COPD - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP - Cerebral Palsy
CP/CPPS - Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome
CPDD - Calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease
CPM - Central pontine myelinolysis
CPPS - Chronic pelvic pain syndrome
CRF - Chronic renal failure
CRKP - Carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumonia
CRPS - Complex regional pain syndrome
CSA - Central sleep apnea
CSD - Cat scratch disease
CVD - Cardiovascular disease
DAS - Developmental apraxia of speech
DBA - Diamond–Blackfan anemia
DBMD - Duchenne–Becker muscular dystrophy
DD - Developmental disability
DEF - Deaf
DF - Dengue fever
DH - Developmentally handicapped
DHF - Dengue hemorrhagic fever
DiG - DiGeorge syndrome
DISH - Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis
DLB - Dementia with Lewy bodies
DM - Diabetes mellitus
DMD - Duchenne muscular dystrophy
DP - Doss porphyria/ALA dehydratase deficiency/Plumboporphyria
DRSP disease - Drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae disease
DS - Down syndrome
DSPS - Delayed sleep phase syndrome
DTs - Delirium tremens
DVD - Developmental verbal dyspraxia
DVT - Deep vein thrombosis
ED - Emotionally disturbed
EDS - Ehlers–Danlos syndrome
EDS - Excessive daytime sleepiness
EEE - Eastern equine encephalitis
EHK - Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis
EMH - Educable mentally handicapped
EMR - Educable mentally retarded
ENS - Epidermal nevus syndrome
EPM - Extrapontine myelinolysis
EPP - Erythropoietic protoporphyria
ESRD - End-stage renal disease
ESS - Empty sella syndrome
FAE - Fetal alcohol effects
FAS - Fetal alcohol syndrome
FASDs - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
FFI - Fatal familial insomnia
FMA - Focal muscular atrophies
FMD - Fibromuscular dysplasia
FMS - Fibromyalgia syndrome
FSP - Familial spastic paraparesis
FTD - Frontotemporal dementia
FVS - Fetal valproate syndrome
FXS - Fragile X syndrome
GAD - Generalized anxiety disorder
GAN - Giant axonal neuropathy
GAS disease - Group A Streptococcal disease
GBS - Guillain–Barré syndrome
GBS disease - Group B Streptococcal disease
GCE - Glycine encephalopathy
GD - Gestational diabetes
GERD - Gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI - Gastrointestinal
GIB - Gastrointestinal bleeding
GN - Glossopharyngeal neuralgia
GSS disease - Gerstmann–Straussler–Scheinker disease
GT/LD - Gifted and learning disabled
GVHD - Graft-versus-host disease
GWD - Guinea worm disease
HAS - Holmes–Adie syndrome
HCP - Hereditary coproporphyria
HD - Huntington's disease
HDL2 - Huntington's disease–like 2
HELLP syndrome - Hemolytic anemia- elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count syndrome
HFA - High-functioning autism
HFMD - Hand- foot- and mouth disease
HFRS - Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome
HI - Hearing impaired
HiB disease - Haemophilus influenzae type B disease
HMSN Type III - Hereditary motor and sensory polyneuropathy type III (see Dejerine–Sottas syndrome)
HOH - Hard of hearing
HPRT deficiency - Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase deficiency
HPS - Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
HPV Infection - Human papillomavirus infection
HSP - Hereditary spastic paraplegia
HTN - Hypertension
IBD - Inflammatory bowel disease
IBIDS syndrome - Ichthyosis- brittle hair- intellectual impairment- decreased fertility- and short stature syndrome
IBM - Inclusion body myositis
IBS - Ichthyosis bullosa of Siemens
IBS - Irritable bowel syndrome
IC/PBS - Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome
ICF syndrome - Immunodeficiency- centromere instability and facial anomalies syndrome
IED - Intermittent explosive disorder
IFAP syndrome - Ichthyosis follicularis- alopecia- and photophobia syndrome
IHA - Idiopathic hyperaldosteronism
INAD - Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy
IP - Incontinentia pigmenti
IRD - Infantile Refsum disease
IS - Infantile spasm
ITP - Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
JAS - Juvenile anklosing spondylitis
JE - Japanese encephalitis
JHD - Juvenile Huntington's disease
JRA - Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
KS - Kawasaki syndrome
KSS - Kearns–Sayre syndrome
KTS - Klippel–Trenaunay syndrome
KTW Syndrome - Klippel–Trenaunay–Weber syndrome
LCM - Lymphocytic choriomeningitis
LD - Learning disabilities/differences
LD - Legionnaires' disease
LEMS - Lambert–Eaton myasthenic syndrome
LFA - Low-functioning autism
LGV - Lymphogranuloma venereum
LKS - Landau–Kleffner syndrome
LNS - Lesch–Nyhan syndrome
LP - Lipoid proteinosis
LP - Little person/people
MAC - Mycobacterium avium complex
MBD - Minimal brain dysfunction
MCS - Multiple chemical sensitivities
MD - Muscular dystrophy
MDD - Major depressive disorder
MDR TB - Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis
MID - Multi-infarct dementia
MJD - Machado–Joseph disease
ML - mucolipidoses
MLD - Metachromatic leukodystrophy
MMA - Monomelic amyotrophy
MMR - Measles- mumps- rubella
MMRV - Measles- mumps- rubella- varicella
MND - Motor neuron disease
MOH - Medication overuse headaches
MPD - Myeloproliferative disorders
MPS I - Mucopolysaccharoidosis type I (see Hurler syndrome)
MPS II - Mucopolysaccharoidosis type II (see Hunter syndrome)
MPS III - Mucopolysaccharoidosis type III (see Sanfilippo syndrome)
MPS IV - Mucopolysaccharoidosis type IV (see Morquio syndrome)
MPS VI - Mucopolysaccharoidosis type VI (see Maroteaux–Lamy syndrome)
MPS VII - Mucopolysaccharoidosis type VII (see Sly syndrome)
MR/DD - Mentally retarded/developmentally disabled
MRSA - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MS - Multiple sclerosis
MSA - Multiple system atrophy
MSDD - Multi-sensory developmental delays
NAS - Neonatal abstinence syndrome
NBIA - Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation
NCL - Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis
NF1 - Neurofibromatosis type 1
NF2 - Neurofibromatosis type 2
NKH - Nonketotic hyperglycinemia
NLD - Nonverbal learning disability
NMDs - Neuronal migration disorders
NMO - Neuromyelitis optica
NMS - Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
NP - Niemann–Pick disease
NPC1 - Niemann–Pick disease- type C1
NPH - Normal pressure hydrocephalus
NTD - Neural tube defect
NTDs - Neural tube defects
OA - Osteoarthritis
OCD - Obsessive-compulsive disorder
ODD - Oppositional defiant disorder
OMA - Ocular motor apraxia
ON - Osteonecrosis
OPC - Oropharyngeal candidiasis
OPCA - Olivopontocerebellar atrophy
OSA - Obstructive sleep apnea
PBC - Primary biliary cirrhosis
PBD - Peroxisome biogenesis disorders
PCOS - Polycystic ovarian syndrome
PCT - Porphyria cutanea tarda
PD - Parkinson's disease
PDD - Pervasive developmental disorder
PDD/NOS - Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified
PDD-NOS - Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified
PKAN - Panthothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration
PLMD - Periodic limb movement disorder
PLS - Primary lateral sclerosis
PMD - Pelizaeus–Merzbacher disease
PML - Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
PMS - Premenstrual syndrome
POTS - Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome
PPMA - Postpolio progressive muscular atrophy
PPS - Post-polio syndrome
PSC - Primary sclerosing cholangitis
PSP - Progressive supranuclear palsy
PVL - Periventricular leukomalacia
PW - Port-wine stain
Q fever - Query fever
RA - Rheumatoid arthritis
RAD - Reactive airway disease
RIND - Reversible ischemic neurologic deficit
RLF - Retrolental fibroplasias
RLS - Restless legs syndrome
RMDs - Repetitive motion disorders
ROP - Retinopathy of prematurity
RS - Reye's syndrome
RSD - Reflex sympathetic dystrophy
RTI - Respiratory tract infection
SARS - Severe acute respiratory syndrome
SB - Spina bifida
SBS - Shaken baby syndrome
SC - Sydenham chorea
SD - Saint Vitus's dance (see Sydenham chorea)
SIDS - Sudden infant death syndrome
SIRS - Systemic inflammatory response syndrome
SIS - Shaken infant syndrome
SLE - Systemic lupus erythematosus
SM - Selective Mutism
SMA - Spinal muscular atrophy
SMEI - Severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy
SMS - Smith–Magenis syndrome
SOD - Septo-optic dysplasia
SPS - Stiff person syndrome
SSPE - Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
STD - Sexually transmitted disease
STEMI - ST-elevation myocardial infarction
SUNCT - Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjunctival injection and tearing
SWS - Sturge–Weber syndrome
TAC - Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia
TB - Tuberculosis
TBI - Traumatic brain injury
TCS - Tethered cord syndrome
TEF - Tracheoesophageal fistula
TIA - Transient ischemic attack
TMH - Trainable mentally handicapped
TMJ/TMD - Temporomandibular joint disorder
TMR - Trainable mentally retarded
TN - Trigeminal neuralgia
TOS - Thoracic outlet syndrome
TS - Tourette syndrome
TS - Tuberous sclerosis
TSC - Tuberous sclerosis
TSEs - Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies
TSP - Tropical spastic paraparesis
TTH - Tension type headache
TTP - Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
UC - Ulcerative Colitis
UCPPS - Urologic Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS + CP/CPPS)
UDA - Urticaria-deafness-amyloidosis
URI - Upper respiratory infection
UTIs - Urinary tract infections
VCFS - Velo cardio facial syndrome
vCJD - variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease
VD - Venereal disease
VHF - Viral hemorrhagic fever
VHL - Von Hippel–Lindau disease
VP - Variegate porphyria
VSD - Ventricular septal defect
VVC - Vulvovaginal candidiasis
VWM disease - Vanishing white matter disease
WAGR syndrome - Wilms tumor/ aniridia/ genitourinary anomalies/ and mental retardation syndrome
WD - Wilson's disease
WEE - Western equine encephalitis
WS - Williams syndrome
XDR TB - Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis
XLSA - X-linked sideroblastic anemia
XP - Xeroderma pigmentosa
YSS - Young Simpson syndrome
YVS - Yunis–Varon syndrome
ZBLS - Zadik–Barak–Levin syndrome
@ - at
< - less than
> - greater than
1/2NS - half-normal saline (0 45%)
a c  - before meals
a c h s / ac&hs - before meals and at bedtime
a d  - right ear
a l / a s  - left ear
a m  - morning/ before noon
a u  - both ears
aa/ āā/ ĀĀ - of each
AAA - apply to affected area
ad  – add
ad lib  - Latin/ "at one's pleasure"; as much as one desires; freely
ad us  - According to custom
add  – add
add; let there be added
admov  - apply [or] add
æq  – equal
agit  - agitate (stir or shake)
alt  d / alt  dieb  - every other day; on alternate days
alt  h / alt  hor  - every other hour; at alternate hours
amp  - ampule (ampul/ ampoule)
amt – amount
aq  – water
aq  bull  - boiling water
aq  com  - common water
aq  dest  - distilled water
aq  ferv  - hot water
ATC - around the clock
b i d / b d  - twice daily
b t  – bedtime
BDS/ b d s  - twice daily
bib  – drink
bis – twice
bis in 7 d  - twice a week
bis ind  - twice a day
BM - bowel movement
BNF - British National Formulary
bol  - as a large single dose (usually intravenously)
BP/ Ph Br  - British Pharmacopoeia
BS - blood sugar
BSA - body surface area
bucc  - buccal (inside cheek)
c c  - with food [or] cubic centimeter
c m  - tomorrow morning
c m s  - to be taken tomorrow morning
c n  - tomorrow night
c v  - tomorrow evening
c/ c  - with (usually written with a bar on top of the "c")
cap  - let him take (let the patient take)
cap / caps  – capsule
cf  – compare
cib  – food
cochl  – spoonful
cochl  ampl  - an ample spoonful (a tablespoonful)
cochl  infant  - a small spoonful (a teaspoonful)
cochl  mag  - a large spoonful (a tablespoonful)
cochl  mod  - a modest spoonful (a dessert-spoonful)
cochl  parv  - a scant spoonful (a teaspoonful)
colet  - let it be strained
comp  – compound
contin  - let it be continued
cpt  - let him take (let the patient take)
cr / crm – cream
CST - continue same treatment
cuj  - of which
cyath  - a glassful
cyath  vinos  - a wine-glassful
d  in p  æ  - divide into equal parts
d t d  - give of such doses
D/ d  - days [or] doses
D10W/ D10W - dextrose 10% in water (intravenous sugar solution)
D5LR - dextrose 5% in lactated Ringer's solution (intravenous sugar solution)
D5NS - dextrose 5% in normal saline (0 9%) (intravenous sugar solution)
D5W/ D5W - dextrose 5% in water (intravenous sugar solution)
da – give
DAW - dispense as written (i e / no generic substitution)
DC/ dc/ D/C/ disc - discontinue [or] discharge
decoct  – decoction
det  - let it be given
dieb  alt  - every other day; on alternate days
dil  – dilute
dim  - one-half
disp  - dispersible [or] dispense
div  – divide
dL – deciliter
DS - double strength
DTO - deodorized tincture of opium
DW - distilled water [or] dextrose in water (intravenous sugar solution)
e m p  - as directed (in the manner prescribed)
elix  – elixir
emuls  – emulsion
EOD - every other day
et – and
ex aq  - in water
exhib  - let it be given
f  - make; let it be made
f h  - make a draught
f m  - make a mixture
f pil  - make a pill
f s a  - make according to art
fl / fld  - fluid (usually meaning specifically liquid in health care)
ft  - make; let it be made
g/ gm - gram (modern SI symbol is g/ not gm)
garg  – gargle
gr  – grain
gtt(s) - drop(s)
gutt  - drop(s)
H – hypodermic
h s  - at bedtime [or] half-strength
h/ hr/ hor  – hour
habt  - let him have
hor  alt  - every other hour (every second hour; at alternate hours)
hor  decub  - at bedtime
hor  intermed  - at intermediate hours
hor  tert  - every third hour
i - one tablet
i m / IM – intramuscular
I v / IV – intravenous
I v p / IVP - intravenous push
IBW - ideal body weight (for dosing based on clearance estimation)
ID – intradermal
ii - two tablets
iii - three tablets
IJ/ inj  – injection
IN – intranasal
ind  – daily
inf  - infusion (extraction) / intravenous infusion
IP – intraperitoneal
IT – intrathecal
IU - international unit
IVPB - intravenous piggyback
kg – kilogram
l c d  - coal tar solution
LAS - label as such
lat  dol  - to the painful side
lb  – pound
let there be added
lin – liniment
liq  – solution
lot  – lotion
℔ - pound
M / m  – mix
m d u  - to be used as directed
mane - in the morning
max  – maximum
mcg – microgram
mEq – milliequivalent
mg – milligram
mg/dL - milligrams per deciliter
MgSO4 - magnesium sulfate
min  - minimum [or] minim [or] minute
mist  – mixture
mit / mitt  – send
mL – milliliter
mod  præscript  - in the manner directed
MS - morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate
MSO4 - morphine sulfate
nebul/ neb  - a spray (such as for insufflation)- nebulizer
NMT - not more than
noct  - at night
non rep  - no repeats (no refills)
NPO/ n p o  - nothing by mouth
NS - normal saline (0 9%)
NTE - not to exceed
o 2/ o2 - both eyes
o d  - every day (once daily) (preferred to "qd" in the UK)
o d  - right eye
o m  - every morning
o n  - every night
O s  - left eye
O u  - both eyes
omn  bih  - every 2 hours
omn  hor  - every hour
OPD - once per day
oz – ounce
p  – continue
p c  - after meals
p c h s / pc&hs - after meals and at bedtime
p m  - evening or afternoon
p o  - by mouth or orally
p r / PR – rectally
p r n / PRN - as needed
p v / PV – vaginally
part  æq  - equal parts
per - by or through
Ph Br / BP - British Pharmacopoeia
Ph Eur  - European Pharmacopoeia
Ph Int  - International Pharmacopoeia
pig /pigm  – paint
ppt  – prepared
pt  – continue
pulv  – powder
q - every/ per
q 1 h/ q 1° - every 1 hour (can replace "1" with other numbers)
q a d  - every other day
q a m  - every morning (every day before noon)
q d /q 1 d  - every day
q d a m  - once daily in the morning
q d p m  - once daily in the evening
q d s  - 4 times a day
q h  - every hour
q h s  - every night at bedtime
q i d  - 4 times a day
q l  - as much as is requisite
q n  - every night
q o d  - every other day
q p m  - every evening (every day after noon)
q q  - every each
q q h  - every 4 hours
q s  - as much as suffices; a sufficient quantity
q v  - at will [or] which see
q4PM - at 4 pm (can replace "4" with other numbers)
QWK - every week
rep  - let it be repeated
rep / rept  – repeats
RL/ R/L - Ringer's lactate
Rx/ Rx/ RX/ ℞ - take (often effectively a noun meaning "prescription"—medical prescription or prescription drug)
s  - write (write on the label)
s - without (usually written with a bar on top of the "s")
s a  - according to the art (accepted practice or best practice)
s i d  - once a day
s o s / si op  sit - if there is a need
s s / SS - one-half [or] sliding scale
SC – subcutaneous
sem  – seed
sig  - write (write on the label)
sing  - of each
SL/ s l  - sublingually/ under the tongue
SOB - shortness of breath
sol  – solution
SQ – subcutaneously
SSI - sliding scale insulin or sliding scale regular insulin
SSRI - selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor [or] sliding scale regular insulin
st  - let it stand (for example/ for settling)
stat – immediately
SubQ – subcutaneously
sum  - let him take [or] let it be taken
supp  – suppository
susp  – suspension
syr  – syrup
℈ - scruple
t d s / TDS - 3 times a day
t i d / t d  - 3 times a day
t i w  - 3 times a week
tab  – tablet
tal / t  – such
tbsp – tablespoon
tinct  – tincture
top  – topical
TPN - total parenteral nutrition
tr/ tinc / tinct  – tincture
trit  - grind to a powder
troch  – lozenge
tsp – teaspoon
U – unit
u d / ut  dict  - as directed
ung  – ointment
USP - United States Pharmacopeia
vag  - vaginally
w – with
w/a - while awake
w/f - with food (with meals)
w/o – without
X/ x – times
YO/ y o  - years old
℥ - ounce
ʒ - dram (drachm)
μg – microgram

Chemical Analysis Equipment:
Benchtop pH Meter
Chemical Cleaning System
Chemical Synthesizer
Conductivity Meter / Benchtop Conductivity Meters
Discrete Analyzer
Elemental Analysis and Elemental Analyzers
Gas Chromatography Equipment
Infrared Spectroscopy (IR / FTIR)
Lab Reactor
Laboratory Digestion Systems
Laboratory Evaporators
Laboratory Pumps
Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
Melting Point Apparatus
Microwave Assisted Extraction Systems / Microwave Extraction System
Physisorption Analysis
Process Analyzer / Process Analysis
Refractometer / Brix Refractometers
Rheometers / Viscometers
Solid Phase Extraction Equipment (SPE Equipment)
Spectrometers
Spectrophotometers
Thermal Analysis / Calorimetry
Titration Equipment / Titration Instruments
Total Fat / Oil Content Analyzer
Total Hydrocarbon Analyzer

Acquisition
Computational Forensics
Digital Media
E-Discovery Or Ediscovery
Exhibit
Hashing
Image
Imaging
Live Analysis
Slack Space
Steganography
Unallocated Space
Verification
Write Blocker

Androgenics:
Clascoterone (CB-03-01, Breezula, Winlevi) – Androgen Receptor Antagonist For Topical Acne Treatment
Deuterated Enzalutamide (HC-1119) – Androgen Receptor Antagonist For Prostate Cancer
Dimethylcurcumin (ASC-J9) – Androgen Receptor Degradation Enhancer For Topical Acne Treatment
EC586 – Oral Prodrug Of Testosterone With Improved Pharmacokinetics
EPI-7386 – N-Terminal Domain Androgen Receptor Antagonist For Prostate Cancer
Proxalutamide (GT-0918) – Androgen Receptor Antagonist For Prostate Cancer
Seviteronel (VT-464) – CYP17A1 Inhibitor (Androgen Synthesis Inhibitor) For Prostate Cancer And Breast Cancer
SHR-3680 – Androgen Receptor Antagonist For Prostate Cancer
Estrogenics:
Acolbifene (EM-652, SCH-57068) – Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator For Breast Cancer
Acolbifene/Prasterone (Femivia) – Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator And DHEA Supplement For Vasomotor Symptoms
Afimoxifene – Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator For Breast Cancer
EC508 – Oral Prodrug Of Estradiol With Improved Pharmacokinetics
Elacestrant (RAD-1901, ER-306323) – Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator And Selective Estrogen Receptor Degrader For Breast Cancer
Enclomifene (Androxal) – Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator For Male Hypogonadism
Endoxifen – Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator For Breast Cancer
Erteberel (LY-500307, SERBA-1) – Selective Erβ Agonist For Schizophrenia
Estetrol (Donesta) – Estrogen For Menopausal Symptoms And Other Indications
Estradiol Sulfamate (E2MATE, J995, PGL-2, PGL-2001, ZK-190628) – Estrogen And Steroid Sulfatase Inhibitor (Estrogen "Activation" Inhibitor) For Endometriosis
Fulvestrant-3 Boronic Acid (ZB716) – Estrogen Receptor Antagonist For Breast Cancer
Leflutrozole (BGS-649) – Aromatase Inhibitor (Estrogen Synthesis Inhibitor) For Male Hypogonadism
Progestogenics:
Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate (LPCN-1107) – Oral Progesterone Receptor Agonist For Prevention Of Preterm Labor
Onapristone (AR-18, IVV-1001, ZK-299, ZK-98299) – Progesterone Receptor Antagonist For Prostate Cancer
Telapristone (CDB-4124, Proellex, Proellex-V, Progenta) – Selective Progesterone Receptor Modulator For Breast Cancer, Endometriosis, And Uterine Fibroids
Vilaprisan (BAY 1002670) – Selective Progesterone Receptor Modulator For Endometriosis And Uterine Fibroids
VOLT-02 – Water-Soluble Conjugate Of Progesterone For Traumatic Brain Injury And Gynecological Disorders
Glucocorticoidics:
IONIS-Gccrrx (ISIS-426115) – Glucocorticoid Receptor Antisense Oligonucleotide For Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Levoketoconazole (COR-003, Normocort, Recorlev) – Glucocorticoid Synthesis Inhibitor For Cushing's Syndrome
Osilodrostat (LCI-699) – 11β-Hydroxylase Inhibitor (Glucocorticoid Synthesis Inhibitor) For Cushing's Syndrome
Relacorilant (CORT-125134) – Glucocorticoid Receptor Antagonist For Cushing's Syndrome
Mineralocorticoidics:
Apararenone (MT-3995) – Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonist For Diabetic Nephropathy And Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis
Finerenone (BAY-94-8862) – Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonist For Chronic Heart Failure, Diabetic Nephropathy, And Renal Failure
Gnrh/Gonadotropins:
Fezolinetant (ESN-364) – Small-Molecule NK3 Receptor Antagonist For Hot Flashes, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, And Uterine Fibroids
Linzagolix (KLH-2109, OBE-2109) – Small-Molecule Gnrh Receptor Antagonist For Uterine Fibroids And Endometriosis
MVT-602 (RVT-602, TAK-448) – Small-Molecule Kisspeptin Receptor Agonist For Female Infertility And Hypogonadism
Relugolix (Relumina; RVT-601, TAK-385) – Small-Molecule Gnrh Antagonist For Prostate Cancer, Uterine Fibroids, And Endometriosis
Mixed:
11β-Methyl-19-Nortestosterone Dodecylcarbonate (CDB-4754) – Dual Androgen/Anabolic Steroid And Progestin For Use As A Male Birth Control Pill
Dimethandrolone Undecanoate (CDB-4521) – Dual Androgen/Anabolic Steroid And Progestin For Use As A Male Birth Control Pill
Estetrol/Drospirenone (Estelle) – Estrogen And Progestogen Combination For Hormonal Contraception (Pregnancy Prevention)

Birth, Time of Birth, Date of Birth, Month of Birth, Season of Birth, Year of Birth.

Death, Time of Death, Date of Death, Month of Death, Season of Death, Year of Death.

Shraaddha, Time of Shraaddha, Date of Shraaddha, Month of Shraaddha, Season of Shraaddha, Year of Shraaddha.

Job, Time of Joining of Job, Date of Joining of Job, Month of Joining of Job, Season of Joining of Job, Year of Joining of Job

Marriage, Time of Marriage, Date of Marriage, Month of Marriage, Season of Marriage, Year of Job

Divorce, Time of Divorce, Date of Divorce, Month of Divorce, Season of Divorce, Year of Divorce

Business, Time of Commencement of Business, Date of Commencement of Business, Month of Commencement of Business, Season oto avoid Electrical Fatal Accident, Non Fatal Accident, Short Circuit, Fire, Downtime, Blackout, Brownout, Production Loss, Flickering.

Birth, Time of Birth, Date of Birth, Month of Birth, Season of Birth, Year of Birth.

Death, Time of Death, Date of Death, Month of Death, Season of Death, Year of Death.

Shraaddha, Time of Shraaddha, Date of Shraaddha, Month of Shraaddha, Season of Shraaddha, Year of Shraaddha.

Job, Time of Joining of Job, Date of Joining of Job, Month of Joining of Job, Season of Joining of Job, Year of Joining of Job

Marriage, Time of Marriage, Date of Marriage, Month of Marriage, Season of Marriage, Year of Job

Divorce, Time of Divorce, Date of Divorce, Month of Divorce, Season of Divorce, Year of Divorce

Business, Time of Commencement of Business, Date of Commencement of Business, Month of Commencement of Business, Season of Commencement of Business, Year of Commencement of Business

NPA - Non Performing Assets, Time of NPA - Non Performing Assets, Date of NPA - Non Performing Assets, Month of NPA - Non Performing Assets, Season of NPA - Non Performing Assets, Year of NPA - Non Performing Assets

Vaastu, East, West, North, South, North East, North West, South East, South West

Success, Achievement, Secured Life, Health, Wealth, Joy, Pleasure, Contented, Satisfaction, Happiness, Growth, fulfilment of Wishes, Career, Sports, Games, Hobbies, Internet, Wifi, Mobile, Social Media, Whatsapp, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Youtube, Instagram, Google Plus, DoWhistle, Insurance, Mediclaim, Salary, Bonus, Gratuity, ESIC, PF, Pension, Investment, Stock Holding, Income Tax, GST, Import Export Code, Balance Sheet, Energy, Peace of Mind, Meditation, Yoga, Brahmamurta, Enabler, Alchemist, Prayer, Exercise, Diet, Vegetarian, Lifestyle, Addiction, Video Games, Newspaper, TV Channels, Internet Browsing, Research & Development, Innovation, Forensic Engineering Audit, Start-up, Technology, Merger & Acquisitions, Advertising, Branding, Consultant, Advisor, Solution Providers, Digital Transformation, Human Resources, Placement Assistance, Self Entrepreneur, Trading, Broking, Marketing, Reselling, Stockist, Dealer, Distributors, value Addition, Business Exchange, Personal Relation(PR), Restructuring, Redesign.

Village, City, State, Country, NRI, KG, Nursery, Primary School, Secondary School, SSC, HSC, Diploma , Under Graduate, Under Graduate, Post Graduate, Diploma Courses, Distance Education, Freelancer, On Training, Temporary Job, Private Job, Permanent Job, Enterprises, Professional, Contractor, Service Providers, Aadhar Card, Pan Card, Passport, Visa, Driving License, Blood Group, Identity Card, Address Proof, Ration Card, Electric Bill, Society Maintenance Bill, Mobile Bill, Mediclaim, Insurance.

Subham Karoti, Ram Raksha, Mantra, Tantra, Gayatri Mantra, Aarti, Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra, Atharvashirsha, Satya Narayan Pooja, Ganpati, Navratri, Govinda, Janmashtami, Diwali, Dasara, Holi, Akshatruteya, Rang Panchami, Gym, Aasan, Sanskrut, Routine Life.

Waterproofing without Breaking , Leakage Detection, Thermography, Big Data Analytics, Forensic Engineering , Root Cause Investigation, Root Cause Analysis , Insurance Claims Settlement, Restructuring, NPA – Non Performing Assets , Value Addition, IPR – Intellectual Property Right , Consulting, Anti Corrosion, Statutory Compliance's, HR – Human Resource, Dealers , Distributors, Power Factor, Power Quality, Electrical Safety Audit, Electrical Earthing Audit, Re sellers, UPS – Uninterrupted Power Supply Audit , Contractor, Facility Management, Sports Management, Startup Consulting, Project Management, AMC – Annual Maintenance Contract , Digital Advertising, Branding.

Natural Science, Life science, Physical science, astronomy, Physiology, Physics, chemistry, Laws of nature, discovery science, Atmospheric science, Oceanography, Natural science, Modern natural science, Thermodynamics, electrodynamics, zoology, botany, Laws of human Nature, laws of animal nature, Mathematics, calculation, meditation, coding, decoding, Encryption, description.

NPA - Non Performing Assets, Time of NPA - Non Performing Assets, Date of NPA - Non Performing Assets, Month of NPA - Non Performing Assets, Season of NPA - Non Performing Assets, Year of NPA - Non Performing Assets

Vaastu, East, West, North, South, North East, North West, South East, South West

Success, Achievement, Secured Life, Health, Wealth, Joy, Pleasure, Contented, Satisfaction, Happiness, Growth, fulfilment of Wishes, Career, Sports, Games, Hobbies, Internet, Wifi, Mobile, Social Media, Whatsapp, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Youtube, Instagram, Google Plus, DoWhistle, Insurance, Mediclaim, Salary, Bonus, Gratuity, ESIC, PF, Pension, Investment, Stock Holding, Income Tax, GST, Import Export Code, Balance Sheet, Energy, Peace of Mind, Meditation, Yoga, Brahmamurta, Enabler, Alchemist, Prayer, Exercise, Diet, Vegetarian, Lifestyle, Addiction, Video Games, Newspaper, TV Channels, Internet Browsing, Research & Development, Innovation, Forensic Engineering Audit, Start-up, Technology, Merger & Acquisitions, Advertising, Branding, Consultant, Advisor, Solution Providers, Digital Transformation, Human Resources, Placement Assistance, Self Entrepreneur, Trading, Broking, Marketing, Reselling, Stockist, Dealer, Distributors, value Addition, Business Exchange, Personal Relation(PR), Restructuring, Redesign.

Village, City, State, Country, NRI, KG, Nursery, Primary School, Secondary School, SSC, HSC, Diploma , Under Graduate, Under Graduate, Post Graduate, Diploma Courses, Distance Education, Freelancer, On Training, Temporary Job, Private Job, Permanent Job, Enterprises, Professional, Contractor, Service Providers, Aadhar Card, Pan Card, Passport, Visa, Driving License, Blood Group, Identity Card, Address Proof, Ration Card, Electric Bill, Society Maintenance Bill, Mobile Bill, Mediclaim, Insurance.

Subham Karoti, Ram Raksha, Mantra, Tantra, Gayatri Mantra, Aarti, Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra, Atharvashirsha, Satya Narayan Pooja, Ganpati, Navratri, Govinda, Janmashtami, Diwali, Dasara, Holi, Akshatruteya, Rang Panchami, Gym, Aasan, Sanskrut, Routine Life.

Waterproofing without Breaking , Leakage Detection, Thermography, Big Data Analytics, Forensic Engineering , Root Cause Investigation, Root Cause Analysis , Insurance Claims Settlement, Restructuring, NPA – Non Performing Assets , Value Addition, IPR – Intellectual Property Right , Consulting, Anti Corrosion, Statutory Compliance's, HR – Human Resource, Dealers , Distributors, Power Factor, Power Quality, Electrical Safety Audit, Electrical Earthing Audit, Re sellers, UPS – Uninterrupted Power Supply Audit , Contractor, Facility Management, Sports Management, Startup Consulting, Project Management, AMC – Annual Maintenance Contract , Digital Advertising, Branding.

Natural Science, Life science, Physical science, astronomy, Physiology, Physics, chemistry, Laws of nature, discovery science, Atmospheric science,Oceanography,Natural science, Modern natural science, Thermodynamics, electrodynamics, zoology, botany, Laws of human Nature, laws of animal nature, Mathematics, calculation, meditation, coding, decoding, Encryption, description.

Mind, Subconscious Mind, Conscious Mind

24/7 Support Service
24/7/365 Support Service
Abnormal Condition Analysis
Acceptance Testing
Access Control Management
Acquisition
Active Energy Audit
Active Evaluation
Advertising
Advice On Energy Efficiency By Analyzing Infrared Report
Advisors
Air Quality Audit
AMC
AMC – Annual Maintenance Contract R&D
AMC Analysis
AMC- Annual Maintenance Contract
Analysis
Analysis Of Electricity Bill
Analysis Of Thermal Images
Analyzing Specification
Annual Maintenance Contract
Anti Corrosion
Anti Corrosion R&D
Application
Application Of For Energy Conservation
Application Of Infrared To Radiometry
Application Of Thermography For Energy Conservation
Arresting
Assessment Of Current Resources Consumption And Use Pattern By Conducting Energy Audit
Audit Services
Auditing
Auditors
Automatic Power Factor Control Panel
Automation
Automation Infrared Image Analyzing Services
Avoidance Failure
Baseline Thermography
Bidding Tendering
Blackout Analysis
BMS-Building Management System
Branding
Branding R&D
Brokerage Of Flats In Society
Brokers
Brownout Analysis
Building Diagnostics Report
Building Management System Audit
Building Management System R&D
Building Science And Energy Efficiency
Building Survey For Evaluation Of Existing Conditions
Building Survey To Determine Their Seriousness And Probable Cause
Business Advisors
Business Analysis
Buying Of Flats In Society
By Conducting Inspection Regularly
By Conducting Thermography Inspection Regularly
Calibration
Capacity Building On Energy Efficiency By Doing Thermography Survey
Capacity On Energy Efficiency By Doing Survey
Capturing Of Infrared Thermal Images
CCTV
CCTV Audit
CCTV R&D
CCTV System Audit
Channel Partners For Marketing
Characterization Of Defects In Metal Sheets Via IR Thermography
Characterization Of Infrared Camera
Chemical Earthing Audit
Chemical Lightning Arrestor Audit
Chemical Surge Suppressor Audit
Civil Contractor
Civil Thermographic Inspection Of Infrastructures
Civil Third Party Audit
Clean Energy Solutions
Cold Spot Analysis
Commission
Competitor Analysis
Compliance And Risk Management
Compliance’s Audit
Compliances
Condition Monitoring
Condition Monitoring And Energy Conversation
Consultancy Services
Consultant
Consulting
Consulting R&D
Contract Analysis
Contractor
Contractor R&D
Controlling
Cooling Analysis
Copper Earthing Audit
Copper Lightning Arrestor Audit
Copper Surge Suppressor Audit
Cost Analysis
Cost Audit
Costing
Critical Analysis
Critical Load Audit
Customer Services
Data Analysis
Data Analysis And Interpretation
Data Analytics
Data Analytics R&D
Dealers
Dealers R&D
Decoding Specification
Define Guarantee
Define Warranty
Defining Scope Of Work
Defining Specification
Demand
Design
Design Defects
Detection Of [SF6] Gas By Technique
Detection Of All Kind Of Leakages
Detection Of All Types Of Leakages
Detection Of Chemical Leakage
Detection Of Cold Spot By Thermal Image Analysis
Detection Of Cold Spots
Detection Of Fire And Smoke
Detection Of Gas Leakage
Detection Of Heat Signature By Thermal Imaging Technology
Detection Of Hot Spot
Detection Of Hot Spots
Detection Of Ice Berg By Thermal Scanning
Detection Of Moisture
Detection Of SF6 Gas
Detection Of Thermal Patterns By Thermal Imaging Software
Detection Of V.M.C. [Volatile Medicinal Compound]
Detection Of VOC [Volatile Organic Compound]
Detection Of Water Leakage
Detection Of Water Seepage
Detection Oil Spill By Infrared Snapshot
Developing Energy Efficiency Monitoring Software
DG Supply Audit
Diagnostics Report
Digital Advertising
Digital Advertising R&D
Disaster Condition Analysis
Disposal
Distributors
Distributors R&D
Documentation
Earth Connectivity
Earth Fault Analysis
Earthing Audit
Economic Advisors
Efficient Data Evaluation Of Detections
Efficient Data Evaluation Of Thermography Detections
Electric Bill Analysis
Electrical Audit
Electrical Automation System Audit
Electrical Contractor
Electrical Critical Load Audit
Electrical Design Adequacy Audit
Electrical Design Audit
Electrical Distribution And Network Audit
Electrical Earth Fault Audit
Electrical Earthing Audit
Electrical Earthing Audit R&D
Electrical Ehz Extra High Voltage Supply Audit
Electrical Emergency Supply Audit
Electrical EMI Audit
Electrical Energy Audit
Electrical Energy Conservation Audit
Electrical Energy Management Audit
Electrical Energy Saving Audit
Electrical Fatal Accident Investigation Audit
Electrical Fire And Safety Audit
Electrical Fire Audit
Electrical Forensic Audit
Electrical Grounding Audit
Electrical Hazardous Risk Audit
Electrical HT High Tension Supply Audit
Electrical HV High Voltage Audit
Electrical Industrial Audit
Electrical Infrared Audit
Electrical Infrared Thermography Audit
Electrical Infrastructure Audit
Electrical Infrastructure Safety Audit
Electrical Infrastructure Sustainability Audit
Electrical Infrastructure Sustainability Test
Electrical Inspection Audit
Electrical Installation Audit
Electrical Installation Safety Audit
Electrical Installation Scanning & Analyzing Of Thermal Image
Electrical Installation Sustainability Audit
Electrical Installation Sustainability Test
Electrical Insurance Claim Settlement Audit
Electrical Lighting Audit
Electrical Lighting Load Audit
Electrical Lighting Surge Audit
Electrical LT Low Tension Supply Audit
Electrical LV Low Voltage Audit
Electrical Maintenance Audit
Electrical NDT Audit
Electrical NDT Non Destructive Testing
Electrical Network Audit
Electrical Non Critical Load Audit
Electrical Non Critical Supply Audit
Electrical Non Destructive Audit
Electrical Non Fatal Accident Investigation Audit
Electrical Nuisance Tripping Audit
Electrical Over Voltage Audit
Electrical Overload Audit
Electrical Power Audit
Electrical Power Factor Audit
Electrical Power Quality Analysis Audit
Electrical Power Quality Audit
Electrical Predictive Maintenance Audit
Electrical Preventive Maintenance Audit
Electrical RFI Audit
Electrical Risk Analysis Audit
Electrical Risk Assessment Audit
Electrical Risk Audit
Electrical Root Cause Analysis
Electrical Safety Audit
Electrical Safety Audit Of Building By Detecting Host Spots
Electrical Safety Audit Of By Detecting Host Spots
Electrical Safety Audit R&D
Electrical Safety Inspection By Using Thermal Imaging Technology
Electrical Saving Audit
Electrical Short Circuit Audit
Electrical Smoke And Fire Audit
Electrical Spark And Fire Audit
Electrical Spark Audit
Electrical Standby Supply Audit
Electrical Statutory Audit
Electrical Substation Audit
Electrical Supply Audit
Electrical Surge Suppressor Audit
Electrical Sustainability Audit
Electrical System Audit
Electrical Tariff Audit
Electrical Thermal Imaging Audit
Electrical Thermography Audit
Electrical Third Party Audit
Electrical Third Party Inspection Audit
Electrical Three Phase Load Balancing Audit
Electrical Under Voltage Audit
Electrical UPS Load Audit
Electrical Zero Down Time Audit
Electronics Third Party Audit
Emergency Supply Audit
EMI Analysis
EMI Electro Magnetic Interference Audit
EMI Electromagnetic Interference Audit
EMR Analysis
EMR Electro Magnetic Radiation Audit
Encoding Specification
Energy Analysis
Energy Analysis Of Building
Energy Assessment
Energy Assessment Of Building
Energy Audit
Energy Auditing
Energy Auditing Of Building
Energy Conservation Analysis
Energy Conservation Audit
Energy Efficiency
Energy Efficiency Analysis
Energy Efficiency And Conservation
Energy Efficiency And Conservation Of Building
Energy Loss Analysis
Energy Planning
Energy Resources
Energy Saving
Energy Saving Audit
Energy Saving Of Building
Energy Situation Analysis Can Be Done By Infrared Scanning
Energy Utilization Analysis
Enquiry
Enterprises Resource Planning
Environment Condition Analysis
Environmental Audit
Equipment’s Inspection By Interpreting Infrared Image
E-Resourcing
E-Tendering
Evaluation
Evaluation Of And Quality Control
E-Waste Management
E-Waste Recycling
Experts
Export Evaluation
Exporters
External Audit
Extreme EMI Electromagnetic Interference Condition Analysis
Facility Audit
Facility Management
Facility Management Audit
Facility Management R&D
Failure Analysis
Fault Clearing Analysis
Fault Detection Analysis
Fault Monitor Analysis
Fault Protection Analysis
Field Service Analysis
Fire & Safety Audit
Fire & Safety Audit R&D
Fire & Safety Inspection By Using Thermocam
Fire And Safety Audit
Fire Audit
Fire Detection
Fire Detection Audit
Fire Fighting Services
Firefighting Thermography Services
Flame Audit
Flame Detection
Flickering Analysis
Forecast Analysis
Forensic Analysis
Forensic Audit
Forensic Engineering Audit
Forensic Engineering R&D
Forensic Water Extrusion Testing
Franchise
Functional Infrared Imaging
Fundamental Analysis
Future Risk Assessment
Future Risk Management
Future Risk Prediction Analysis
General Inspection
Generator Supply Audit
GHG Emissions Calculations
GI Earthing Audit
GI Lightning Arrestor Audit
GI Surge Suppressor Audit
Global Evaluation
Governance Risk Compliances
Gradient Heat Wave
GRIHA Green Rating For Integrated Habitat Assessment
Harmonic Analysis Audit
Harmonic Audit
Harmonic Filter Audit
Hazardous Gas Detection
Hazardous Management
Heat Analysis
Heat Signature Analysis
Heat Signature Audit
Heat Transfer Measurement By IR Thermography
Heat Wave
Home Evaluation
Hot Spot Analysis
Hot Spot Detection
Hot Spot Detection Audit
Hotspot Network Audit
HR – Human Resource R&D
Hr- Human Resource
Humidity Analysis
HVAC Audit
HVAC Contractor
Identified Present Opportunities Required To Increase Energy Efficiency In MSME’s Sector By Using Infrared Technology
Identified Present Opportunities Required To Increase Energy Efficiency In MSME's Sector By Using Infrared Technology
Identify Suitable Low Carbon Energy Efficient Technology By Using Technique
Implementation Of Energy Management System And System Optimization Project By Analyzing Thermal Imaging Report
Importers
Industrial Audit
Industrial Energy Conservation Audit
Industrial Energy Saving Audit
Industrial Fire And Safety Audit
Industrial Hazardous Risk Audit
Industrial Infrared Audit
Industrial NDT Audit
Industrial Safety Audit
Industrial Saving Audit
Industrial Science
Industrial Thermal Imaging Audit
Industrial Thermography Audit
Industrial Thermography Science
Industrial Third Party Audit
Infra Tech
Infrared [IR]
Infrared [IRT]
Infrared Analysis
Infrared Audit
Infrared For Failure Analysis
Infrared For Functional Testing
Infrared For Reliability And Failure Analysis
Infrared Heat Signature Audit
Infrared Image Services
Infrared Imaging Science
Infrared Reports Help To Develop A Viable Energy Plan For The Industries
Infrared Services
Infrared Signature Analysis
Infrared Survey To Detect Moisture And Energy Loss
Infrared Survey To Detect Moisture And Energy Loss Of Building
Infrared Technology
Infrared Technology Use For Energy Saving
Infrared Thermography For Failure Analysis
Infrared Thermography For Functional Testing
Infrared Thermography For Remote Temperature Measurement
Infrared Thermography IRT
Infrared Thermography Reports Helps To Develop A Viable Energy Plan For The Industries
Infrared Thermography Services
Innovative Solution
Input Power Condition Analysis
Inspection
Installation
Instrumentation Third Party Audit
Insurance
Insurance Audit
Insurance Claims Settlement
Insurance Claims Settlement R&D
Insurance Evaluation
Integration Of Control Strategies As Per The Energy Conservation Code Of India By Providing Thermal Sensors
Internal Audit
Internet And Wifi
Internet And Wifi R&D
Internet Network Audit
Interpretation Of Thermal Images
Investigation Of Water Extrusion
Investment Advisors
IPR – Intellectual Property Right R&D
IPR- Intellectual Property Right
IR For Capturing Failure
IR For Defect Detection Technology
IR For Energy And Electrical Safety
IR For Energy Insurance
IR For Forensic Engineering Services
IR For Functional Testing
IR For Investigative Engineering Services
IR For ISO Certification
IR For NDT [Non Destructive Testing]
IR For Thermal Failure Analysis
IR Infrared Audit
IR Inspection
IR Inspection Report Helps To Understand Evaluating How The Risk Can Be Mitigated
IR Is A NDT Method Use To Measure Thermal Gradients In Energy Emitted By Electrical And Mechanical System
IR Is A NDT Method Use To Measure Thermal Gradients In Energy Emitted By Electrical And System
IR Reliability And Failure Analysis
IR Report
IR Scanning
IR Services
IR Test
IR Thermography & Reliability And Failure Analysis
IR Thermography For Capturing Failure
IR Thermography For Defect Detection Technology
IR Thermography For Energy And Electrical Safety
IR Thermography For Energy Insurance
IR Thermography For Forensic Engineering Services
IR Thermography For Functional Testing Of Solar Cells
IR Thermography For Investigative Engineering Services
IR Thermography For ISO Certification
IR Thermography For NDT [Not Destructive Testing]
IR Thermography For Thermal Failure Analysis
IR Thermography Inspection
IR Thermography Report
IR Thermography Services
IT Security Services
Leakage Analysis
Leakage Detection
Leakage Detection R&D
Leasing
Leasing Of Flats In Society
Life Cycle Improvement
Lifecycle Evaluation
Lightning Arrestor Audit
Liquid Crystal Thermography
Logistics
Maintenance Audit
Maintenance Management
Management Audit
Manufacturers
Manufacturing
Manufacturing Process
Manufacturing Technology
Market Analysis
Market Research
Marketing
Material Analysis
Measurement
Measurement Of Convictive Heat Transfer Using Infrared Thermography
Measurement Science & Technology
Mechanical Contractor
Mechanical Equipment’s Inspection By Interpreting Infrared Image
Mechanical Third Party Audit
Mitigation Measure
Moisture Analysis
Monitoring
Nano Technology Third Party Audit
NDE Analysis
NDE Evaluation
NDI Analysis
NDT
NDT Analysis
NDT Thermography Testing Audit
NDT Third Party Audit
Network Audit
Non Conventional Energy Audit
Non Critical Load Audit
Non-Contact Analysis
Non-Performance Analysis
Non-Technical Support Analysis By EMR Electromagnetic Interference Proof Control Panel
Normal Condition Analysis
NPA – Non Performing Assets R&D
NPA- Non Performing Assets
Nuisance Tripping Analysis
O&M
On Demand Emergency Service Analysis
On Site Testing
Online Bidding
Online Support Analysis
Online Tender Bidding
Online Tendering
Operational Audit
Operational Research
Out Sourcing
Outlets
Over Current Analysis
Over Load Testing
Over Voltage Analysis
Painting Contractor
Performance Analysis
Performance Contract Analysis
Performance Evaluation
Performance Evaluation Analysis
Performance Monitoring Of ECBC Compliant By Using Services
Performance Optimization
Performance Testing
Photovoltaic Thermography
Physical Inspection
Pipe Evaluation
Planning Audit
Plumbing Contractor
PMC Project Management Consultant
Post Commissioning Testing
Potential Partners For Marketing
Power Audit
Power Conservation Analysis
Power Consumption Analysis
Power Factor Audit
Power Factor Incentive Audit
Power Factor Penalty Audit
Power Factor R&D
Power Map
Power Quality
Power Quality Analysis
Power Quality Analysis Audit
Power Quality Audit
Power Quality R&D
Power Saving Analysis
Power Supply Audit
Pre Commissioning Testing
Pre Shipment Evaluation
Predictive Maintenance
Predictive Maintenance Analysis
Predictive Maintenance Audit
Preparation Of Baseline Energy Consumption
Prevention Of Water Extrusion
Preventive Maintenance
Preventive Maintenance Analysis
Preventive Maintenance Audit
Process Audit
Process Control Thermographic Scanning Services
Process Defining
Processing Technique And Thermographic Images
Project Advisors
Project Management
Project Management R&D
Protection
Pulse Is Used For Inspecting Automotive Components
Pulse Thermography Is Used For Inspecting Automotive Components
Qualitative Analysis
Qualitative Research
Quality Analysis
Quality Assessment
Quality Assurance
Quality Assurance Audit
Quality Audit
Quality Control Audit
Quality Evaluation
Quantifying
Quantitative Analysis
Quantitative Diagnostics
Quantitative Diagnostics Of Building By Using Infrared Technology
Quantitative Infrared Thermography
Quantitative Research
QURT Quantitative Infrared Thermography
R&D Third Party Audit
Radiation Audit
Radiology And Imaging
Recycling
Reduction Of [GHG] Green House Gas Emission
Reduction Of GHG Green House Gas Emission
Reference Point Of Equipment Temperature Under Normal Operating Condition
Refurbish Analysis
Regulatory Compliances
Remote Acquisition
Remote Controlling
Remote Detection
Remote Inspection
Remote Monitoring
Remote Monitoring Analysis
Remote Monitoring And Controlling Analysis
Remote Protection
Remote Scanning
Renewable Energy Audit
Renewable Resources
Renting
Renting Of Flats In Society
Repair Service Analysis
Repairing
Report
Requirement
Re-Sale Of Flats In Society
Research
Research And Development
Research And Development Thermographic Application
Resellers
Resellers R&D
Resolution Of Water Extrusion
Resource Analysis
Resource Management
Resourcing
Restructure Analysis
Restructuring
Restructuring R&D
Retro Fitting
Retrofitting Analysis
Reverse Engineering
RFI Analysis
RFI Radio Frequency Interference Audit
RFQ
Risk Analysis
Risk And Compliances
Risk Assessment
Risk Assessment Audit
Risk Audit
Risk Based Evaluation
Risk Management
Root Cause Analysis
Root Cause Analysis Audit
Root Cause Analysis R&D
Root Cause Investigation
Root Cause Investigation Audit
Root Cause Investigation R&D
Round The Clock Service
Routine Testing
Safety Audit
Safety Inspection
Safety Management
Scanning
Science And Energy Applications
Science And Energy Efficiency
Security Advisors
Security Audit
Security Surveillance
Security Third Party Audit
Selection
Self Consumption Analysis
Selling Of Flats In Society
Services
Shock Proof Analysis
Shutdown Analysis
Smoke Audit
Smoke Detection
Sourcing
Spark Audit
Specification Evaluation
Sports Management
Sports Management R&D
Standby Supply Audit
Startup Consulting
Startup Consulting R&D
Statistical Analysis
Statutory Audit
Statutory Compliances
Statutory Compliances R&D
Stockist
Strength And Weaknesses Assessment
Strength And Weaknesses Assessment Of Building
Structural Diagnostics
Study Of Current Situation And Information
Study On Energy Efficiency And Conversation [EEC]
Study On Energy Efficiency And Conversation EEC
Suppliers
Supply
Supply Chain Management
Support Analysis
Surge Suppressor Audit
Surveillance & Security Third Party Audit
Surveillance System Audit
Surveillance Third Party Audit
Survey
Survey For Evaluation Of Existing Conditions
Survey To Determine Their Seriousness And Probable Cause
System Audit
System Integrators
Technical Analysis
Technical Consultancy Analysis
Technical Support Analysis
Technology Consulting
Telecom Third Party Audit
Temperature Analysis
Temperature Data
Temperature Enabling Simulation
Tendering
Test Report
Testing
Testing Laboratory
THD Total Harmonic Distortion Analysis Audit
THD Total Harmonic Distortion Audit
The Base Line Will Be Established
The Thermography Instrument Thermal Scanner
Thermal Analysis
Thermal Analysis Input
Thermal Audit
Thermal Data Acquisition And Storing System
Thermal Data Collect
Thermal Distribution And Variation In Real Time
Thermal Energy Waste Survey
Thermal Experts
Thermal Imaging
Thermal Imaging Audit
Thermal Imaging Inspection
Thermal Imaging Third Party Audit
Thermal Infrared Security Solutions
Thermal Inspection Diagnostics
Thermal Management Problems
Thermal Map
Thermal Measurement Of Heat Patterns
Thermal NDT
Thermal Of Infrared Security Solutions
Thermal Patterns Of Heat Loss
Thermal Scanning
Thermal Scanning Of Building
Thermal Scanning Of Entire Electrical Installation
Thermal Snapshots
Thermal Snapshots Steady State Thermal Analysis
Thermal Snapshots Steady State Thermal Analysis Of Device
Thermal Surveying
Thermal Trending
Thermal Trending Compared Temperature Differential Over Time
Thermal Video
Thermo Capabilities
Thermo Mechanical Property
Thermo Property
Thermograph Analysis
Thermographic Inspection
Thermographic NDT
Thermography
Thermography Analysis
Thermography Audit
Thermography For Building Science And Energy Applications
Thermography For Remote Temperature Measurement
Thermography Measurement
Thermography R&D
Thermography Report
Thermography Reports Help To Understand Energy Risk
Thermography Services
Thermography Survey
Thermography Testing Laboratory
Thermography Third Party Audit
Thermometry And Thermal Parameters Identification
Third Party Audit
Third Party Evaluation
Third Party Inspection
To Conduct Environmental Monitoring And Evaluating By Doing Infrared Scanning
To Conduct Geo Thermal Feasibility Study
To Conduct Geothermal Feasibility Study
To Conduct Infrared Aerial Survey For Development Of Eco City Based On Its Carbon Inventory
To Evaluate The Impact Of Energy Conservation Code Compliances By Referring Thermal Patterns
Traders
Trading
Transfer Of Energy Efficient Industrial Technology
Transient Thermal Analysis
Transportation
Trouble Shooting
Type Testing
Under Voltage Analysis
Undertake Technology Assignment With Regarding Energy Performance
UPS – Uninterrupted Power Supply Audit R&D
Ups Audit
Ups Uninterrupted Power Supply Audit
Ups- Uninterrupted Power Supply Audit
Value Addition
Value Addition R&D
Vendor Registration
Vendors
Vibration Analysis
Virtual Services
Virtual Thermography Services
Visual Evaluation
VOIP Services
Vulnerability Analysis
Vulnerable Analysis
Waste Management
Waste Recycling
Water Leakage Detection
Water Leakage Third Party Audit
Water Proofing Third Party Audit
Waterproofing Without Breaking
Wealth Advisors
Wellness Support Service
Wholesale Suppliers
Wifi Network Audit