Girish Akolkar



Data Analytics 109 - Apple & Macintosh

Formerly: Apple Computer Company: (1976–1977) Apple Computer, Inc. (1977–2007)
Type: Public
Traded As: Nasdaq:  Aapl/ Nasdaq-100 Component/ Djia Component/ S&P 100 Component/ S&P 500 Component
ISIN: US0378331005
Industry: Computer Hardware, Computer Software, Consumer Electronics, Cloud Computing, Digital Distribution, Fabless Silicon Design, Semiconductors, Financial Technology, Artificial Intelligence
Founded: April 1, 1976; 43 Years Ago
Founders: Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Ronald Wayne
Headquarters: 1 Apple Park Way, Cupertino, California, U.S.
Number Of Locations: 500+ Retail Stores (2019)
Area Served: Worldwide
Key People: Arthur D. Levinson (Chairman), Tim Cook (Ceo), Jeff Williams (Coo)
Products: Macintosh, Ipod, Iphone, Ipad, Apple Watch, Apple Tv, Homepod, Macos, Ios, Ipados, Watchos, Tvos, Ilife, Iwork, Final Cut Pro, Logic Pro, Garageband, Shazam, Siri
Services: App Store, Apple Arcade, Apple Card, Apple Music, Beats 1, Apple News+, Apple Pay, Cash, Apple Store, Genius Bar, Apple Tv+, Ibooks Store, Icloud, Imessage, Itunes Store, Mac App Store
Revenue:  US$265.595 Billion (2018)
Operating Income:  US$70.898 Billion (2018)
Net Income:  US$59.531 Billion (2018)
Total Assets:  US$365.725 Billion (2018)
Total Equity:  US$107.147 Billion (2018)
Owner: The Vanguard Group (0.0664), Blackrock (0.0634), The Government Pension Fund Of Norway (0.097)
Number Of Employees: 132,000 (2018)
Subsidiaries: Braeburn Capital, Beats Electronics, Claris, Apple Energy, Llc, Apple Sales International, Apple Services, Apple Worldwide Video, Anobit, Beddit

Al Gore (Non-Executive Director)
Andrea Jung (Non-Executive Director)
Arthur D. Levinson (Chairman)
James A. Bell (Non-Executive Director)
Ronald Sugar (Non-Executive Director)
Susan Wagner (Non-Executive Director)
Tim Cook (Executive Director And CEO)

Tim Cook (CEO)
Luca Maestri (Senior Vice President And CFO)
Jeff Williams (Chief Operating Officer (COO))
Jonathan Ive, KBE (Chief Design Officer (CDO)) (Outgoing)
Katherine L. Adams (Senior Vice President And General Counsel)
Eddy Cue (Senior Vice President – Internet Software And Services)
Craig Federighi (Senior Vice President – Software Engineering)
John Giannandrea (Senior Vice President – Machine Learning And AI Strategy)
Deirdre O'Brien (Senior Vice President – Retail And People)
Dan Riccio (Senior Vice President – Hardware Engineering)
Phil Schiller (Senior Vice President – Worldwide Marketing)
Johny Srouji (Senior Vice President – Hardware Technologies)
Sabih Khan (Senior Vice President - Operations)
Steven Dowling (Vice President – Communications)
Lisa P. Jackson (Vice President – Environment, Policy, And Social Initiatives)
Isabel Ge Mahe (Vice President And Managing Director – Greater China)
Tor Myhren (Vice President – Marketing Communications)
Adrian Perica (Vice President - Corporate Development)

iPhone 3G
iPhone 3GS
iPhone 4
iPhone 4S
iPhone 5
iPhone 5C
iPhone 5S
iPhone 6 / 6 Plus
iPhone 6S / 6S Plus
iPhone SE
iPhone 7 / 7 Plus
iPhone 8 / 8 Plus
iPhone X
iPhone XS / XS Max
iPhone XR
iPhone 11
iPhone 11 Pro / 11 Pro Max

Model: Generation: Capacity: Connection
Classic: 1st: 5, 10 GB: FireWire
Classic: 2nd: 10, 20 GB: FireWire
Classic: 3rd: 10, 15, 20, 30, 40 GB: FireWire
Classic: 4th (Photo) (with color display): 20, 40 GB: FireWire or USB
Classic: 4th: Photo: 30, 40, 60 GB: FireWire or USB
Classic: 4th: Color: 20, 60 GB
Classic: 5th: 30, 60, 80 GB: USB (FireWire for charging only)
Classic: 6th: 80, 120, 160 GB: USB (FireWire for charging only)
Mini: 1st: 4 GB: USB or FireWire
Mini: 2nd: 4, 6 GB: USB or FireWire
Nano: 1st: 1, 2, 4 GB: USB (FireWire for charging only)
Nano: 2nd: 2, 4, 8 GB: USB (FireWire for charging only)
Nano: 3rd: 4, 8 GB: USB (FireWire for charging only)
Nano: 4th: 4, 8, 16 GB: USB
Nano: 5th: 8, 16 GB: USB
Nano: 6th: 8, 16 GB: USB
Nano: 7th: 16 GB: USB
Shuffle: 1st: 512 MB, 1 GB: USB (no adaptor required)
Shuffle: 2nd: 1, 2 GB: USB
Shuffle: 3rd: 2, 4 GB: USB
Shuffle: 4th: 2 GB: USB
Touch: 1st: 8, 16, 32 GB: USB (FireWire for charging only)
Touch: 2nd: 8, 16, 32 GB: USB
Touch: 3rd: 32, 64 GB: USB
Touch: 4th: 8, 16, 32, 64 GB: USB
Touch: 5th: 16, 32, 64 GB: USB (over Lightning)
Touch: 6th: 16, 32, 64, 128 GB: USB (over Lightning)
Touch: 7th: 32, 128, 256 GB: USB (over Lightning)

tvOS 9: Derived From iOS 9
tvOS 10: Derived From iOS 10
tvOS 11: Derived From iOS 11
tvOS 12: Derived From iOS 12

iPhone OS 1
iPhone OS 2
iPhone OS 3
iOS 4
iOS 5
iOS 6
iOS 7
iOS 8
iOS 9
iOS 10
iOS 11
iOS 12
iOS 13

watchOS 1: Derived From iOS 8
watchOS 2: Derived From iOS 9
watchOS 3: Derived From iOS 10
watchOS 4: Derived From iOS 11
watchOS 5: Derived From iOS 12
watchOS 6: Derived From iOS 13

Apple TV Software 1: Derived From Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger
Apple TV Software 2: Derived From Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger
Apple TV Software 3: Derived From Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger
Apple TV Software 4: Derived From iOS 4 and iOS 5
Apple TV Software 5: Derived From iOS 5 and iOS 6
Apple TV Software 6: Derived From iOS 7
Apple TV Software 7: Derived From iOS 8

Apple DOS
Apple GS/OS
Apple I.
Apple II
Apple III
Apple Lisa
Apple ProDOS
Apple SOS
Lisa OS
MacWorks XL

Company: Business: Derived products: Date
Network Innovations: Software: Data Access Language (DAL): March 2, 1988
Orion Network Systems: Satellite communication systems: June 7, 1988
Styleware: Computer software: AppleWorks GS, iWork, iLife: June 27, 1988
Nashoba Systems: Computer software: FileMaker: July 11, 1988
Coral Software: Computer software: Macintosh Common Lisp: January 3, 1989
NeXT: Unix-like hardware and software platform: Mac OS Darwin, iOS, tvOS, watchOS, audioOS: February 7, 1997
Power Computing Corporation: Macintosh clones: September 2, 1997
Xemplar Education: Software: January 8, 1999
Raycer Graphics: Computer graphic chips: November 3, 1999
NetSelector: Internet software: January 7, 2000
Astarte-DVD Authoring Software: Software: DVD Studio Pro, iDVD: April 11, 2000
SoundJam MP: Software: iTunes: 2000 (Q4)
Bluefish Labs: Productivity software: iWork: Early 2001
bluebuzz: Internet service provider (ISP): May 11, 2001
Spruce Technologies: Graphics software: DVD Studio Pro: July 9, 2001
PowerSchool: Online info systems services: PowerSchool: December 31, 2001
Nothing Real: Special effects software: Shake: February 1, 2002
Zayante: FireWire chips and software: FireWire: April 4, 2002
Silicon Grail Corp-Chalice: Digital effects software: Motion: June 11, 2002
Propel Software: internet and network optimization for wireless carriers: Safari: June 20, 2002
Prismo Graphics : Special-effects titling software for film and video: LiveType (Final Cut Studio): June 21, 2002
Emagic: Music production software: Logic Pro, GarageBand: July 1, 2002
SchemaSoft: Software: iWork: March 2005
FingerWorks: Gesture recognition company: iOS: April 2005
Silicon Color: Software: Color (Final Cut Studio): October 16, 2006
Proximity: Software: Final Cut Server: December 4, 2006
P.A. Semi: Semiconductors: Apple SOC: April 24, 2008
Placebase: Maps: Apple Maps: July 7, 2009 Music streaming: iCloud, iTunes Match: December 4, 2009
Quattro Wireless: Mobile advertising: iAd: January 5, 2010
Intrinsity: Semiconductors: Apple SOC: April 27, 2010
Siri: Voice control software: Siri: April 27, 2010
Gipsy Moth Studios: Application Regionalization Firm: iPod, iPhone, iPad: May 10, 2010
Poly9: Web-based mapping: Apple Maps: July 14, 2010
Polar Rose: Facial recognition: iOS: September 20, 2010
IMSense: High-dynamic-range (HDR) photography: iOS: September 14, 2010
C3 Technologies: 3D mapping: Maps: August 1, 2011
Anobit: Flash memory: iPod, iPhone, iPad: December 20, 2011
Chomp: App search engine: App Store: February 23, 2012
Redmatica: Audio: Logic Pro, GarageBand: June 2, 2012
AuthenTec: PC and mobile security products: Touch ID: July 27, 2012
Particle: HTML5 Web app firm: iCloud, iAd: September 27, 2012
Novauris Technologies: Speech recognition: Siri: 2013
OttoCat: Search engine: App Store: 2013
WiFiSlam: Indoor location: Apple Maps: March 23, 2013
Locationary: Maps: Apple Maps: July 19, 2013 Maps: Apple Maps: July 19, 2013
Passif Semiconductor: Semiconductors: Apple SOC: August 1, 2013
Matcha: Media discovery app: TV app for Apple TV and iOS: August 13, 2013
Embark: Maps: Apple Maps: August 22, 2013
AlgoTrim: Mobile data compression: iOS: August 28, 2013
Cue: Personal assistant: Siri: October 3, 2013
PrimeSense: Structured-light 3D scanners: Face ID, TrueDepth: November 24, 2013
Topsy: Analytics: App Store, Apple Music, iTunes Store: December 2, 2013
BroadMap: Maps: Apple Maps: December 23, 2013 Software: Siri: December 23, 2013
Acunu: Database analytics: iCloud: December 2013
SnappyLabs: Photography software: Camera: January 4, 2014
Burstly: Software testing: TestFlight, App Store: February 21, 2014
LuxVue Technology: microLED displays: May 2, 2014
Spotsetter: Social search engine: Apple Maps: June 6, 2014
Swell: Music streaming: Apple Music: June 29, 2014
BookLamp: Book analytics: iBooks: June 29, 2014
Beats Electronics: Headphones, music streaming (Beats Music): iPhone, iTunes, Apple Music: August 1, 2014
Prss: Digital magazine: Apple News: September 23, 2014
Dryft: On-Screen Keyboard: iOS Keyboard: 2014
Camel Audio: Audio plug-ins and sound libraries: Logic Pro: January 2015
Semetric: Music analytics: Apple Music, iTunes Store: January 21, 2015
FoundationDB: Database: iMessage Backend: March 24, 2015
LinX: Camera: iPhone Camera: April 14, 2015
Coherent Navigation: GPS: Apple Maps: April 2015
Metaio: Augmented reality: ARKit: May 2015
Mapsense: Mapping visualization and data collection: Apple Maps: September 2015
VocalIQ: Speech technology: Siri: September 2015
Perceptio: Machine learning, Image recognition: Face ID, Animoji, Photos: September 2015
Faceshift: Realtime Motion Capture: Animoji: November 2015
Emotient: Emotion recognition: Face ID, Animoji: January 7, 2016
LearnSprout: Education technology: Classroom iPad App: January 28, 2016
Flyby Media: Augmented reality: ARKit: January 29, 2016
LegbaCore: Platform security: Exposed firmware exploit in Apple computers: February 3, 2016
Turi: Machine learning: Xcode, Core ML: August 5, 2016
Gliimpse: Personal health info collection company: HealthKit, CareKit, ResearchKit: August 22, 2016
Tuplejump: Machine learning: Siri, CoreML: September 22, 2016 Indoor mapping and navigation: Maps, Project Titan: December 1, 2016
Workflow: Automation and scripting app: Shortcuts (iOS 12)[119]: March 23, 2017
Beddit: Sleep tracking hardware: iOS, watchOS, Apple Watch: May 8, 2017
Lattice Data: Artificial intelligence: Photos: May 13, 2017
SensoMotoric Instruments: Eye tracking hardware and software: ARKit: June 16, 2017
Vrvana: Augmented reality head-mounted display: ARKit: September 22, 2017
Regaind: Computer vision: Photos: September 29, 2017 Messaging assistant: Siri: October 2017
PowerbyProxi: Wireless charging: iPhone, AirPower: October 2017
InVisage Technologies: Quantum dot-based image sensors: iPhone, iPad: November 9, 2017
Pop Up Archive: tools for searching digital spoken words: iTunes, Apple Music: December 5, 2017
Spektral: 'Green Screen' Technology: Photos, iOS: December 2017
Laserlike: Machine learning: Artificial Intelligence, Siri: 2018
Silk Labs: Artificial Intelligence, home monitoring: 2018
Tueo Health: Asthma monitoring: 2018
Silicon Valley Data Science: Data science: January 2018
Buddybuild: Feedback Platform for Development teams: Xcode, TestFlight: January 2, 2018
Texture: Digital magazine subscription service: Apple News, News+: March 12, 2018
Akonia Holographics: Lenses for augmented reality glasses: August 29, 2018
Shazam: Music and Image recognition: iTunes, Siri, Apple Music: September 24, 2018
Dialog Semiconductor (portions): Chip development: October 11, 2018
Platoon: Artist development: December 7, 2018
Stamplay: Backend Development: March 21, 2019
Drive.AI: Autonomous vehicles: June 25, 2019
Intel's smartphone modem business: Smartphone modems: Apple SOC: July 25, 2019

Apple Energy
Apple IMC
Apple Sales International
Apple Services
Apple Worldwide Video
Beats Electronics
Braeburn Capital
FileMaker Inc.

Apple TV
Apple Watch
Electric vehicles
Mac Mini
Mac Pro
MacBook Air
MacBook Pro
Magic Keyboard
Magic Mouse
Magic Trackpad
Thunderbolt Display
Time Capsule

ADTPro - telecom
Apple Writer - word processor
ASCII Express - telecom
Bank Street Writer - word processor
CatFur - file transfer / chat software for the APPLE-CAT modem
Cattlecar Galactica
Copy II+
Crossword Magic
Dalton Disk Desintegrator - disk archiver
Davex - Unix type shell
Dazzle Draw - bitmap graphics editor
Design Your Own Home - home design (GS)
Disk Muncher - disk copy
Diversi Copy - disk copy (GS)
Edisoft - text editor
Fantavision - vector graphics animation package
GEOS - integrated office suite
GNO/ME - Unix type shell (GS)
GraphicEdge - business graphics for AppleWorks spreadsheets (II & GS & Mac)
Great American Probability Machine - first full-screen Apple II animations
Lock Smith - copy and disk utilities
Logo - easy educational graphic programming language
Magic Window - one of the most popular Apple II word processors by Artsci
Merlin 8 & 16 - assembler (II & GS)
Micro-DYNAMO - simulation software to build system dynamics models
MouseWrite and MouseWrite II - first mouse based word processor for Apple II (II & GS)
Omnis I,II, and III - database/file manager (II & GS)
ORCA - program language suite (II & GS)
PrintShop - sign, banner, and card maker (II & GS)
ProSel - disk and file utilities (II & GS)
ProTERM - telecom program and text editor
PublishIT - desktop publishing (versions 1-4)
Rendezvous - shuttle orbital simulation game
ShrinkIt - disk and file compressor and archiver (II & GS)
Spectrum Internet Suite - Internet tools and web browser (GS)
Super Hi-Res Chess - early game aimed at programmers and "power users"
SynthLAB - music composing software
TellStar - astronomy
Twilight II - Apple IIGS screensaver (GS)
VisiCalc - spreadsheet
Word Juggler - word processor
WordPerfect - word processor
WordStar - word processor
Zardax - word processor
ZBASIC - language - Zedcor Systems
Z-Link - telecom

Mac OS X Server 1.0: code name Hera, also referred to as Rhapsody
Mac OS X Server 10.0: code name Cheetah
Mac OS X Server 10.1: code name Puma
Mac OS X Server 10.2: code name Jaguar
Mac OS X Server 10.3: code name Panther
Mac OS X Server 10.4: code name Tiger
Mac OS X Server 10.5: also marketed as Leopard Server
Mac OS X Server 10.6: also marketed as Snow Leopard Server
Mac OS X Lion Server: 10.7: also marketed as OS X Lion Server
OS X Mountain Lion Server: 10.8: also marketed as Mountain Lion Server
OS X Mavericks Server: 10.9: also marketed as Mavericks Server
OS X Yosemite Server: 10.10: also marketed as Yosemite Server 4.0
OS X 10.11 Server 5.0: also marketed as OS X Server 5.0
OS X 10.11 Server 5.1: also marketed as OS X Server 5.1
macOS 10.12 Server 5.2: also marketed as macOS Server 5.2
macOS 10.12 Server 5.3: also marketed as macOS Server 5.3
macOS 10.13 Server 5.4: also marketed as macOS Server 5.4
macOS 10.13 Server 5.5: also marketed as macOS Server 5.5

Mac OS X Public Beta: code name Kodiak
Mac OS X 10.0: code name Cheetah
Mac OS X 10.1: code name Puma
Mac OS X 10.2: also marketed as Jaguar
Mac OS X Panther: 10.3
Mac OS X Tiger: 10.4
Mac OS X Leopard: 10.5
Mac OS X Snow Leopard: 10.6
Mac OS X Lion: 10.7: also marketed as OS X Lion
OS X Mountain Lion: 10.8
OS X Mavericks: 10.9 (free)
OS X Yosemite: 10.10 (free)
OS X El Capitan: 10.11 (free)
macOS Sierra: 10.12 (free)
macOS High Sierra: 10.13 (free)
macOS Mojave: 10.14 (free)
macOS Catalina: 10.15 (free)

System 1
System 2
System 3
System 4
System Software 5
System Software 6
System 7
Mac OS 8
Mac OS 9

Other macOS-related releases

Ableton Live: music production
Adium: multi-protocol IM client
Adobe Encore
Adobe Soundbooth: music and soundtrack editing
AOL Instant Messenger
Apple Loops Utility: production and organisation of Apple Loops
Apple Qmaster and Qadministrator
Ardour: hard disk recorder and digital audio workstation program
Audacity: digital audio editor
Audio Hijack: audio recorder
Audion: media player (development ceased)
Baudline: signal analyzer
BIAS Peak: mastering
Cog: open source audio player, supports multiple formats
Colloquy: freeware advanced IRC and SILC client
Cubase: music production program
Digital Performer: MIDI sequencer with audio tracking
djay: digital music mixing software
DVD Studio Pro: DVD authoring application
FaceTime - videoconferencing between Mac, iPhone, iPad and iPod touch
Final Cut Express/Pro: movie editor
Finale: scorewriter program
Fire: open source, multiprotocol IM client
fre:ac - open source audio converter and CD ripper
GarageBand: music/podcast production
HyperNext: freeware software development
iChat: instant messaging and videoconferencing
iDVD: a basic DVD-authoring application
iMessage - instant messaging between Mac, and iDevices
Impro-Visor: educational notation and playback for music improvisation
Irssi: IrssiX and MacIrssi
iTunes: audio/video Jukebox
iVolume: volume normalization
ixi software: free improvisation and sketching tools
Jaikoz: mass tagger
Kid Pix Deluxe 3X: Bitmap drawing program
LilyPond: scorewriter program
Logic Express: prosumer music production
Logic Pro: digital audio workstation
Logic Studio: music writing studio package by Apple Inc.
Mainstage: program to play software synthesizers live
Max: Cycling 74's visual programming language for MIDI, audio, video; with MSP, Jitter
Microsoft Messenger for Mac
Mixxx: DJ mix software available for the mac in the App Store
N-Track Studio: multitrack audio recording, editing and mixing software
Nuendo: audio and post production editor
Overture: scorewriter program
Photo Booth
Psi (instant messenger)
QuickTime Pro: pro version of QuickTime
REAPER: digital audio workstation
Reason: digital audio workstation
ReBirth: virtual synth program simulates Roland TR-808, TB-303
Recycle: sample editor
Renoise: contemporary digital audio workstation, based upon the heritage and development of tracker software.
RiffWorks: guitar recording and online song collaboration software
Roxio Toast: DVD authoring application
Senuti: transfers music from iPod to computer
Sibelius: scorewriter program
Sound Studio: digital audio analyzer and editor
Soundtrack Pro: post production audio editor
Stagecast Creator: Programming and internet authoring for kids
Ventrilo: audio chatroom application
WaveBurner: CD mastering and production software
X-Chat Aqua
Yahoo! Messenger

Apache Web Server
Clozure CL
Coldstone game engine
Fink: Debian package manager
Free Pascal
Glasgow Haskell Compiler
GNU Compiler Collection
IntelliJ IDEA
Macintosh Programmer's Workshop (MPW)
Macromedia Authorware
Omnis Studio
Qt Creator
Real Studio
Script Debugger
Torque (game engine)

Apple Mail: the bundled email client
Claris Emailer: classic Mac OS only, no longer available
Entourage: email client by Microsoft; analogous to Microsoft Outlook
Lotus Notes
Mailplane: a WebKit-based client for Gmail
Microsoft Outlook
Mozilla Thunderbird
Mulberry: open-source software for e-mail, calendars and contacts
Opera Mail
Outlook Express
Sparrow: as well as Sparrow Lite

Classic FTP
WebDrive - FTP and cloud Client
Yummy FTP

Google Chrome
Internet Explorer for Mac
Mozilla Firefox
Netscape Navigator
Safari (web browser)
Shiira: open source
Tor (anonymity network)
Torch (web browser)

4K Video Downloader - free video downloader
Adobe After Effects
Adobe Premiere Pro
Adobe Presenter Video Express
Apple Qmaster
ArKaos - VJ software
Cinema Tools
DivX Player
DVD Player (Apple): DVD player software built into Mac OS X
DVD Studio Pro
FFmpeg: audio/video converter
Final Cut Express
Final Cut Pro
Final Cut Studio: audio-video editing suite:
HandBrake: DVD to MPEG-4 and other formats converter
iMovie: basic video editing application
mimoLive: live video mixing and streaming software
Miro Media Player
Motion 2
QuickTime: including its Player and QuickTime Pro
Soundtrack Pro
VLC media player
Windows Media Player

BBEdit Lite
Komodo Edit
Sublime Text 2

Activity Monitor
BetterZip - file archiver and compressor utility
BitDefender Antivirus 2009 for Mac OS
Compact Pro
Disk Drill Basic
Grab (software)
Growl: global notifications system, free
iArchiver: handles archives, commercial
Intego VirusBarrier: antivirus software
Little Snitch
Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing
Norton Antivirus for Mac
OnyX: a freeware system maintenance and optimization tool for Mac OS X
Quicksilver: a framework for accessing and manipulating many forms of data
Screen Sharing
SheepShaver: PowerPC emulator, allows, among other things, running Mac OS 9 on Intel Macs
Sherlock: file searching (version 2), web services (version 3)
Sophos - antivirus software
Stellar Phoenix Mac Data Recovery - Data Recovery Software for Mac Computers
Stellar Phoenix Video Repair: Repair corrupt of damaged videos
Stickies: put Post-It Note-like notes on the desktop
Stuffit: data compression
System Preferences: default Mac system option application
The Tilery - application switcher
Time Machine (Apple software): built-in backup software
UUTool: uuencoded/uudecode and other transcoding
VirusScan: antivirus software
WinZip: file archiver and compressor utility
Xsan: storage network utility
Yahoo! Widget Engine: JavaScript-based widget system

Apple Remote Desktop
Google Earth
Karelia Watson (defunct)
Timbuktu: remote control
WiFi Explorer

Boot Camp
Hercules emulator
Parallels Workstation
Virtual PC